Seismic Soil-Pile Interaction Considering Nonlinear Soil Column Behavior in Saturated and Dry Soil Conditions
This paper investigates seismic soil-pile interaction using the Beam on Nonlinear Winkler Foundation (BNWF) approach. Three soil types are considered to cover all the possible responses, as well as nonlinear site response analysis using finite element method in OpenSees platform. Excitations at each elevation that are output of the site response analysis are used as the input excitation to the soil pile system implementing multi-support excitation method. Spectral intensities of acceleration show that the extent of the response in sand is more severe than that of clay, in addition, increasing the PGA of ground strong motion will affect the sandy soil more, in comparison with clayey medium, which is an indicator of the sensitivity of soil-pile systems in sandy soil.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1129065Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1025
 C. Luo, X. Yang, C. Zhan, X. Jin, and Z. Ding, “Nonlinear 3D fi nite element analysis of soil – pile – structure interaction system subjected to horizontal earthquake excitation,” Soil Dyn. Earthq. Eng., vol. 84, pp. 145–156, 2016.
 Y. X. Cai, P. L. Gould, and C. S. Desai, “Nonlinear analysis of 3D seismic interaction of soil–pile–structure systems and application,” Eng. Struct., vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 191–199, 2000.
 J. Guin and P. K. Banerjee, “Coupled Soil-Pile-Structure Interaction Analysis under Seismic Excitation,” J. Struct. Eng., vol. 124, no. 4, pp. 434–444, Apr. 1998.
 R. W. Boulanger, C. J. Curras, B. L. Kutter, D. W. Wilson, and A. Abghari, “Seismic Soil-Pile-Structure Interaction Experiments and Analyses,” J. Geotech. Geoenvironmental Eng., vol. 125, no. 9, pp. 750–759, Sep. 1999.
 J. Penzien, “Seismic Analysis of Platform Structure-Foundation Systems,” in Offshore Technology Conference, 1975.
 H. G. Poulos, “Analysis of the Settlement of Pile Group,” Geotechnique, vol. 4, no. 3.
 L. C. Reese, W. Cox, and F. Koop, “Analysis of laterally loaded piles in sand,” 6th Annual Offshore Technology Conference, vol. 2. Offshore Technology Conference, pp. 473–484, 08-Apr-1997.
 L. C. Reese and M. W. O. Neill, Drilled Shafts: Construction Procedures and LRFD Design Methods, no. 132014. 2010.
 H. Matlock, “Correlations for design of laterally loaded piles in soft clay,” Proc 2nd Annual Offshore Technol Conf, vol. 1. Offshore Technology Conference, pp. pp. 577–594, 08-Apr-1970.
 M. H. El Naggar and K. J. Bentley, “Dynamic analysis for laterally loaded piles and dynamic p-y curves,” Can. Geotech. J., vol. 37, no. 6, pp. 1166–1183, 2000.
 T. Nogami and Y. C. Lam, “Two‐Parameter Layer Model for Analysis of Slab on Elastic Foundation,” J. Eng. Mech., vol. 113, no. 9, pp. 1279–1291, Sep. 1987.
 T. Kagawa and L. M. Kraft Jr, “Sesimic p-y Responses of Flexible Piles,” J. Geotech. Geoenvironmental Eng., vol. 106, no. GT8, 1980.
 S. Wang, B. L. Kutter, M. J. Chacko, D. W. Wilson, R. W. Boulanger, and A. Abghari, “Nonlinear seismic soil-pile structure interaction,” Earthq. Spectra, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 377–396, May 1998.
 Penzien, Scheffey, and Parmelee, “Seismic Analysis of Bridges on Long Pile,” J. Eng. Mech. Div., vol. 90, no. 3, pp. 223–254, 1964.
 H. Matlock, S. FOO, and Bryant, “Simulation of Lateral Pile Behavior Uunder Earthquake Motion.” 1978.
 R. G. Bea, “Earthquake Geotechnology in Offshore Structures,” 1991.
 C. J. Curras, R. W. Boulanger, B. L. Kutter, and D. W. Wilson, “Dynamic experiments and analyses of a pile-group-supported structure,” J. Geotech. Geoenvironmental Eng., vol. 127, no. 7, p. 585, Jul. 1999.
 P. J. Meymand, “Shaking table scale model tests of nonlinear soil-pile-superstructure interaction in soft clay,” Phd Thesis, p. 75, 1994.
 E. Rovithis, E. Kirtas, and K. Pitilakis, “Experimental p-y loops for estimating seismic soil-pile interaction,” Bull. Earthq. Eng., vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 719–736, Aug. 2009.
 P. B. Schnabel, Lysmer, John, and H. B. Seed, “SHAKE,” UCB/EERC-72/12, Earthq. Eng. Res. Cent., vol. 12, pp. 1–92, 1972.
 J. Bardet, K. Ichii, and C. Lin, “EERA – A computer program for Equivalent-linear Earthquake Site Response Analyses of layered soil deposits,” Univ. South. Calif., no. August, 2000.
 M. Vucetic and R. Dobry, “Effect of soil plasticity on cycic response,” J. Geotech. Eng., vol. 117, pp. 89–107, 1991.
 D. Bratosin and T. Sireteanu, “Hysteretic damping modelling by nonlinear Kelvin-Voigt model,” Proc. Rom. Acad. Ser. A, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 1–6, 2002.
 R. J. LeVeque, Finite Difference Methods for Ordinary and Partial Differential Equations. Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, 2007.
 H. B. Seed, R. T. Wong, I. M. Idriss, and K. Tokimatsu, “Moduli and Damping Factors for Dynamic Analyses of Cohesionless Soils,” J. Geotech. Eng., vol. 112, no. 11, pp. 1016–1032, Nov. 1986.
 Steven L. Kramer, “Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering.” Prentice Hall, p. 376, 1996.
 J. Lysmer and Roger L. Kuhlemeyer, “Finite Dynamic Model For Infinite Media,” J. Eng. Mech. Div., vol. 95, no. 4, pp. 859–878, 1969.
 W. B. Joyner and A. T. F. Chen, “Calculation of nonlinear ground response in earthquakes,” Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., vol. 65, no. 5, 1975.
 J. H. Prevost, “A simple plasticity theory for frictional cohesionless soils,” Int. J. Soil Dyn. Earthq. Eng., vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 9–17, 1985.
 University of California at Berkeley, “Open System for Earthquake Engineering Simulation.” (Online). Available: OpenSees.berkeley.edu.
 Z. Yang, A. Elgamal, and E. Parra, “Computational Model for Cyclic Mobility and Associated Shear Deformation,” J. Geotech. Geoenvironmental Eng., vol. 129, no. 12, pp. 1119–1127, Dec. 2003.
 Y. M. A. Hashash, S. Dashti, M. I. Romero, M. Ghayoomi, and M. Musgrove, “Evaluation of 1-D seismic site response modeling of sand using centrifuge experiments,” Soil Dyn. Earthq. Eng., vol. 78, pp. 19–31, 2015.
 ATC, “Quantification of building seismic performance factors,” Fema, no. June, p. 421, 2009.