Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 32131
Experimental Study of Local Scour Depth around Cylindrical Bridge Pier

Authors: Mohammed T. Shukri


The failure of bridges due to excessive local scour during floods poses a challenging problem to hydraulic engineers. The failure of bridges piers is due to many reasons such as localized scour combined with general riverbed degradation. In this paper, we try to estimate the temporal variation of scour depth at nonuniform cylindrical bridge pier, by experimental work conducted in hydraulic laboratories of Gaziantep University Civil Engineering Department on a flume having dimensions of 8.3 m length, 0.8 m width and 0.9 m depth. The experiments will be carried on 20 cm depth of sediment layer having d50=0.4 mm. Three bridge pier shapes having different scaled models will be constructed in a 1.5m of test section in the channel.

Keywords: Scour, local scour, bridge piers, scour depth.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1179


[1] Breusers, H.N.C., Nicollet, G. and Shen, H.W. “Local scour around cylindrical piers”. (1977) Journal of Hydraulic Research, 15(3): 211-252.
[2] Chabert, J. and Engeldinger, P. (1956). “Etude des affouillements autor des piles depoints (Study of scour at bridge piers).” Bureau central d’Etudes les Equipment d’ OutreMer, Laboratory National d’ Hydraulique, France.
[3] Dey, S, 1997, Local scour at piers, A review of development of research Int. J. Sediment. Res IJSH, 12. 23-46.
[4] Dargahi, B. (1982): Local scour at bridge piers: A review of theory & practice. TRITA-AMI 114, RIT, Hyr. Eng. Stockholm.
[5] Hoffmans, G.J.C.M. and Verheij, H.J. 1997. Scour manual. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Netherlands, 205 p.
[6] Laursen, E.M. and Toch, A. 1956. Scour around bridge piers and abutments. Iowa Highway Research Board, Bulletin # 4, Bureau of Public Roads, Iowa.
[7] Melville, B.W. and Coleman, S.E. 2000. Bridge scour. Water Resources Publications, LLC, Colorado, U.S.A., 550 p.
[8] Richardson, E.V., and Davis (2001). Evaluating Scour at Bridged, Hydraulic Engineering Circular No. 18 Fourth Edition. US Federal Highway Administration, Publication FHWA NHI 01-001.G. R.
[9] Zhai, Yuan, "Time-Dependent Scour Depth under Bridge-Submerged Flow" (2010). Civil Engineering Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research. Paper 4.
[10] Swapnil Srivastava “Pier Scouring under Live-Bed Condition” - International Journal of Science Technology & Engineering, Volume 2, Issue 11, May 2016.