Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 30135
Air Classification of Dust from Steel Converter Secondary De-dusting for Zinc Enrichment
Authors: C. Lanzerstorfer
Abstract:The off-gas from the basic oxygen furnace (BOF), where pig iron is converted into steel, is treated in the primary ventilation system. This system is in full operation only during oxygen-blowing when the BOF converter vessel is in a vertical position. When pig iron and scrap are charged into the BOF and when slag or steel are tapped, the vessel is tilted. The generated emissions during charging and tapping cannot be captured by the primary off-gas system. To capture these emissions, a secondary ventilation system is usually installed. The emissions are captured by a canopy hood installed just above the converter mouth in tilted position. The aim of this study was to investigate the dependence of Zn and other components on the particle size of BOF secondary ventilation dust. Because of the high temperature of the BOF process it can be expected that Zn will be enriched in the fine dust fractions. If Zn is enriched in the fine fractions, classification could be applied to split the dust into two size fractions with a different content of Zn. For this air classification experiments with dust from the secondary ventilation system of a BOF were performed. The results show that Zn and Pb are highly enriched in the finest dust fraction. For Cd, Cu and Sb the enrichment is less. In contrast, the non-volatile metals Al, Fe, Mn and Ti were depleted in the fine fractions. Thus, air classification could be considered for the treatment of dust from secondary BOF off-gas cleaning.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1340020Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 753
 R. Remus, M. A. Aguado-Monsonet, S. Roudier, and L. D. Sancho, “Best Available Techniques (BAT) Reference Document for Iron and Steel Production, Industrial Emissions Directive 2010/75/EU, Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control,” Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union, 2013, pp. 15–64.
 S. Gara, and S. Schrimpf, „Behandlung von Reststoffen und Abfällen in der Eisen- und Stahlindustrie. M-092,“ Vienna: Umweltbundesamt, 1998, pp. 37–41.
 G. M. Stepin, L. S. Mkrtchan, I. V. Dovlyadnov, and I. K. Borshchevskii, “Problems related to the presence of zinc in Russian blast-furnace smelting and ways of solving them,” Metallurgist, vol. 45, no. 9–10, pp. 382–390, 2001.
 C. Lanzerstorfer, B. Bamberger-Straßmayr, and K. Pilz, „Recycling of blast furnace dust in the iron ore sinter process: investigation of coke breeze substitution and the influence on off-gas emissions,” ISIJ Int., vol. 55, no. 4, pp. 758-764, 2015.
 C. P. Heijwegen, W. Kat, “Zinc-bearing Waste Products in the Iron and Steel Industry; Their Composition and Possible Hydrometallurgic Processing Methods,” World Steel and Metalworking, vol. 5, no. x, pp. 26-34, 1983.
 C. Lanzerstorfer, “Air classification of blast furnace dust catcher dust for zinc load reduction at the sinter plant,” Int. J. Environ. Sci. Technol., vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 755-760, 2016.
 T. Murai, A. Kometani, Y. Ono, and T. Hashimoto, “Blast Furnace Gas Dry Cleaning System and Dry Removal System of Zing in Dry Dust,” The Sumitomo Search, no. 32, pp 1-7, 1986.
 C. Lanzerstorfer, and M. Kröppl, “Air classification of blast furnace dust collected in a fabric filter for recycling to the sinter process,” Resour. Cons. Recycl., vol. 86, no. 1, pp. 132-137, 2014.
 C. Lanzerstorfer, “Chemical composition and physical properties of filter fly ashes from eight grate-fired biomass combustion plants,” J. Environ. Sci., vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 191-197, 2015.
 C. Lanzerstorfer, “Air classification: Potential treatment method for optimized recycling or utilization of fine-grained air pollution control residues obtained from dry off-gas cleaning high-temperature processing systems,” Waste Manage. Res., vol. 33, no. 11, pp. 1041-1044, 2015.
 C. Lanzerstorfer, “Investigation of the contamination of a fly ash sample during sample preparation by classification,” Int. J. Environ. Sci. Technol., vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 1437-1442, 2015.