Characterization and Geochemical Modeling of Cu and Zn Sorption Using Mixed Mineral Systems Injected with Iron Sulfide under Sulfidic-Anoxic Conditions I: Case Study of Cwmheidol Mine Waste Water, Wales, United Kingdom
This study investigates sorption of Cu and Zn contained in natural mine wastewater, using mixed mineral systems in sulfidic-anoxic condition. The mine wastewater was obtained from disused mine workings at Cwmheidol in Wales, United Kingdom. These contaminants flow into water courses. These water courses include River Rheidol. In this River fishing activities exist. In an attempt to reduce Cu-Zn levels of fish intake in the watercourses, single mineral systems and 1:1 mixed mineral systems of clay and goethite were tested with the mine waste water for copper and zinc removal at variable pH. Modelling of hydroxyl complexes was carried out using phreeqc method. Reactions using batch mode technique was conducted at room temperature. There was significant differences in the behaviour of copper and zinc removal using mixed mineral systems when compared to single mineral systems. All mixed mineral systems sorb more Cu than Zn when tested with mine wastewater.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1339724Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 759
 D.E. Egirani, J. Andrews, A. Baker. “Characterization of Sorption and Quantitative Analysis Of Hydroxyl Complexes Of Cu And Zn In Aqueous Solution: The Interactive Effects of Mine Wastewater mixed Mineral Systems,” Inter. J. Recent Scientific research, 4, 469-475,2013.
 J. Pérez-Esteban, C. Escolástico, A. Moliner, A. Masaguer, “Chemical speciation and mobilization of copper and zinc in naturally contaminated mine soils with citric and tartaric acids,” Chemosphere, 90(2), 276-283, 2013.
 E. Donner, C. G Ryan, D. L, Howard, B. Zarcinas, G, Scheckel K, S. P, McGrath, M.D. de Jonge, D. Paterson, R, Naidu, E. Lombi, “A multi-technique investigation of copper and zinc distribution, speciation and potential bioavailability in biosolids,” Environmental Pollution, 166: 57 – 64, 2012.
 Y. Wu, S. Zhou, D. Chen, R. Zhao, H. Li, T. Lin, “Transformation of metal speciation in a combined landfill leachate treatment,” Science of the Total Environment, 409: 1613-1620, 2011.
 R. Pardo-Botello, C. Fernandez-Gonzalez, E. Pinilla-Gil, E Cuerda, M. Correa, V. Gomez-Serrano, “Adsorption kinetics of zinc in multicomponent ionic systems,” J. Colloid and Interface Science, 277, 292-298, 2004.
 G. M. Bancroft, M.M Hyland, “Mineral-water interface geochemistry,” In: Hochella, M.F., White, A.F., (Eds.), Mineralogical Society of America, Washington, 1990, pp.512-557.
 H. van Olphen, “An Introduction to Clay Colloid Chemistry,” (Ed). Wiley Intersci., New York, 1977, pp. 954-960.
 Y. Li, Z. Yi, J. Zhang, M. Wu, W. Liu, P. Duan, “Efficient degradation of Rhodamine B by using ethylenediamine (-CuCl2 complex under alkaline conditions,” J. Hazard. Mater.s 171: 1172-1174.
 D. X. Querol, A. Alastuey, R. Alzaga, J.M. Bayona, A. Lopez-Soler, F. Planar, “Physico-chemical characteristics of atmospheric particulates in a rural area affected by the Aznacollar toxic spill, Southwest Spain,” The Science of the Total Environment, 242, (1999) 179-188, 1999.
 D. E Egirani, A. R. Baker J. E, Andrews. “Copper and Zinc Removal from Aqueous Solution by Mixed Mineral Systems I: Reactivity and Removal Kinetics,” J. Colloid and Interface Sci.,291, 319–32, 2005a.
 D. E Egirani, A. R. Baker J. E, Andrews. “Copper and zinc removal from aqueous solution by mixed mineral systems II: The role of solution composition and aging,” J. Colloid and Interface Sci., 291: 326–333, 2005b.
 L. Medici, J. Bellanova, C. Belviso, F. Cavalcante, A. Lettino, R. P .Pasquale, S .Fiore, “Trace metals speciation in sediments of the Basento River Italy,” Applied Clay Science, 53: 414-442, 2011.
 G. Sposito. “The surface chemistry of soils,” (Ed). Oxford University Press, New York, 1984, p 13.
 D. G. Kinniburgh, M.L Jackson, “Cation adsorption by hydrous metal oxides and clays”, In: M. A. Anderson, AJ Rubin, Adsorption of inorganics at solid-liquid interfaces (Eds.). Ann Arbor Science, Ann arbour, Michigan, pp.125-159. 1981.
 J. A. Davis, J. O Leckie, “Effect of adsorbed complexing ligants on trace metal,” Environmental Science and Technology, 12: 1309-1315, 1978.
 P. W. Schindler, “Surface complexes at oxide-water interfaces,” In: M.A. Anderson, A. J. Rubin, (Eds.), Adsorption of inorganics at solid-liquid interfaces, Ann Arbor Science, Michigan, 1981, pp.357.
 D. L. Sparks, “Sorption phenomena on soils,” In: D.L Sparks (Ed.). Environmental Soil Chemistry, California, 1995, pp.99-139.
 F. J. Millero, “Speciation of metals in natural waters, “Geochemical Trans. 8: 447–460, 2001.
 A.K. Salam, P.A. Helmke, “The pH dependence of free ionic activities and total dissolved concentrations of copper and cadmium in soil solution,” Geoderma, 83, 281-291, 1998.
 M. M, Benjamin, J. O. Lecki, “Conceptual model for metal-ligand-surface interactions during adsorption,” Environ. Sci. Technol., 15, 1050 -1057, 1981.
 Y. Soma, M. Soma, “Chemical reactions of organo compounds on clay surfaces,” Environ Health Perspec, t 83: 205–214, 1989.
 A. Sobolewski, “A review of processes responsible for metal removal in wetlands treating contaminated mine drainage,” Inter. J. Phytoremediation, 1: 19-51, 1999.
 S. V. Matagi, D, Swald, R. Mugabe, “A review of heavy metal removal mechanisms in wetland,” African Journal of Tropical Hydrology, 8, 23-35, 1998.
 S. Hu, J. Sulzberger, “In situ Fourier transform infrared spectroscopic evidence for the formation of several different surface complexes of oxalate on TiO2 in the aqueous phase,” Langmuir, 10, 3587-3597, 1994.
 M.A. Schlautman, J .J, Morgan, “Adsorption of aquatic humic substances on colloidal-size aluminum oxide particles: influence of solution chemistry,” Geochim Cosmochim Acta, 58: 4293-4303, 1994.
 D. L. Sparks, “Environmental Soil chemistry”, (Ed.) University Press London, 2003, pp. 150-162.
 C. J. Fahrni, “Biological applications of X-ray fluorescence microscopy: exploring the subcellular topography and speciation of transition metals,” Current Opinion in Chemical Biology, 11, 121–127, 2007.
 J.B. Brower, R.L Ryan, M. Pazirande, “Comparison of ion exchange resins and biosorbings for the removal of heavy metals from plating factory wastewater,” Environ. Sci. Technol., 31, 2910-2914, 1997.
 M. McBride,” Reactions controlling heavy metal solubility in soil”, Advance Soil Sci. 10, 1–56, 1989.
 G. Kamei, H. Ohmoto, “The kinetics of reactions between pyrite and O2-bearing water revealed from in situ monitoring DO, Eh and pH in a closed system, Geochim Cosmochim Acta, 64, 2585–2601, 2000.
 T. J. Barrett, W.H, Maclean, A. C.Tennant, “Volcanic sequence and alteration at the Parys mountain volcanic-hosted massive sulfide deposit, wales, United Kingdom: applications of immobile element lithogeochemistry,” Economic geology, 96: 1279-1305, 20001.
 D. C,Cooper, M. J, C, Nutt, D. J. Morgan, “Reconnaissance geochemical survey of Anglesey,” Insti.Geology Sci. Report, 90, 4, 1982.
 M. Swallow,” Parys Mountain a mine in prospect, Mining Magazine,”163, 334–336, 1990.
 Y. M. Nelson, “Effect of oxide formation mechanisms on lead adsorption by biogenic manganese (hydr) oxides, iron (hydr) oxides, and their mixtures,” Environmental Science and Technology,36, 421-425, 2002.
 C. R, Pointon, R. A. Ixer, “Acid mine drainage in Wales and influence of ochre precipitation on water chemistry,” Transactions of the Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 89, 143-155, 1980.
 R, Engler, W, Patrick, “Sulfate reduction and sulfide oxidation in flooded soil as affected by chemical oxidants,” Soil Sci., 119, 217-221, 1973.
 K. Walter, D, Johnson, “Microbiological and chemical characteristics of an acidic stream draining a disused copper mine,” Environ. Pollution, 76, 169-175, 1992.
 D. L Parkhurst, C. A.J, Appelo, “User's Guide to PHREEQC (Version 2), A computer program for speciation, batch-reaction, one-dimensional transport, and inverse geochemical calculations,” U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report, 99-4259, 312, 1999.
 P L, Younger, S A, Banwert, R S. Hedin, “Mine water, hydrology, pollution and remediation,” Springer (Ed.), London, 2002, 16, 442 p.
 K. N. Bucka, J. R.M. Ross, A. R. Flegal, K. W. Bruland, “A review of total dissolved copper and its chemical speciation in San Francisco Bay, California,”, Environ. Research, 105(1), 5-19, 2007.
 D. A. Dunnette, D. P. Chynoweth and K. H. Mancy,” The Source of Hydrogen Sulfide in Anoxic Sediment,” Water Res., I9(7), 875-884, 1985.
 A. Velasco, M., Ramírez, T. Volke-Sepúlveda, A. González-Sánchez, S. Revah, “Evaluation of feed COD/sulfate ratio as a control criterion for the biological hydrogen sulfide production and lead precipitation,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, 151, (2–3), 407–413, 2008.
 R. T. Wilkin and H. L. Barnes, “Pyrite formation by reactions of iron mono-sulfides with dissolved inorganic and organic sulfur species,” Geochim Cosmochim Acta, 60, 4167, 1996.
 D. A. Dunnette, D. P. Chynoweth and K. H. Mancy, “The Source of Hydrogen Sulfide in Anoxic Sediment,” Water Res., I9(7), 875-884, (1985),1985.
 Y, Wu, S, Zhou, D, Chen, R, Zhao, H, Li, T. Lin, “Transformation of metal speciation in a combined landfill leachate treatment,” Science of the Total Environment, 409, 1613-1620, 2011. 2011.
 S. Brunauer, P.H. Emmett, E. Teller, “Adsorption of gases in multimolecular layers,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 60, 309–319, 1938.
 J. T. S. Anirudhan, S. Rijidh, “Glutaraldehyede cross-linked epoxy-aminated chitosan as an adsorbent for the removal and recovery of copper (II) from aqueous media,” Colloid Surf. A, 351, 52–59, 2009.
 G. C Silva, F. S. Almeidab, M. S. Dantasa, A. Ferreirab, V. S.T. MCiminellia, “Raman and IR spectroscopic investigation of Arsenic adsorbed on Mn3O4 magnetic Composites,” Separation Science and Technology, 46, 2531–2538, 2011.
 D.E. Egirani, J.E. Andrews, A.R. Baker, “Mercury Removal from Aqueous Solution Using Mixed Mineral Systems Injected with Zinc Sulfide Under Sulfidic- Anoxic Conditions 1: Reactivity and Removal Kinetics,” Research Inventy: International Journal of Engineering and Science, .4, (4), 27-38, 2014.
 Z.S. Kooner, “Comparative study of adsorption behavior of copper, lead, and zinc onto goethite in aqueous systems,” Environ. Geol. 21, (1993), 242–250.
 J.D. Morton, J.D. Semaru, K.F. Hayes, “An X-ray absorption spectroscopy study of the structure and reversibility of copper adsorbed to montmorillonite clay,” Geochim Cosmochim Acta, 65, 2709–2722, 2001.
 X. Tang, Z. Li, Y. Chen, “Adsorption behavior of Zn(II) on Chinese loess,” J. Hazard. Mater., 161, 824–834, 2009.
 A.Y. Dursun, “A comparative study on determination of the equilibrium, kinetic and thermodynamic parameters of biosorption of copper(II) and lead(II) ions onto pretreated Aspergillus Niger,” Biochem. Eng. J., 28, 187-195, 2006.
 K.R.A. Rao, M.A. Khan, “Biosorption of bivalent metal ions from aqueous solution by an agricultural waste: kinetics, thermodynamics and environmental effects,” Colloid Surf. A, 332 , 121–128, 2009.
 R, Pardo-Botello, C, Fernandez-Gonzalez, E. Pinilla-Gile., M, Cuerda Correa, V. Gomez-Serrano, “Adsorption kinetics of zinc in multicomponent ionic systems,” J. Colloid and Interface Science, 277, 292-298, 2004.
 S. V, Matagi, D, Swald, R. Mugabe, “A review of heavy metal removal mechanisms in wetlands,” African Journal of Tropical Hydrology, 8, 23-35, 1998.
 G. Zhao, X. Wu, X. Tan, X. Wang, “Sorption of heavy metal ions from aqueous solutions: A review,” The Open Colloid Sci. J., 4, 19-31, 2011.
 Y.S. Al-Degs, M.F. Tutunji, H.M, Baker, “Isothermal and kinetic adsorption behavior of Pb “ions on natural silicate minerals,” J. Clay Miner. 38, 501–509, 2003.
 C.W. Oo, M. J. Kassim, A. Pizzi, “Characterization and performance of Rhizophora apiculata mangrove polyflavonoid tannins in the adsorption of copper (II) and lead (II),” Ind. Crop. Prod. 30 152–161, 2009.
 F. Porter, G. McKay, K.H. Choy, “The prediction of sorption from a binary mixture of acidic dyes using single and mixed-isotherms variants of the ideal adsorbed solute theory,” J. Chem. Eng. Sci. 54, 5863–5885, 1999.
 N. Cavallaro, M. B. McBride, “Copper and cadmium adsorption characteristics of selected acid and calcareous soils,” Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 42, 550-556, 1978.
 C. Appel, L. Ma, “Concentration, pH and surface charge effects on Cd and Pb sorption in three tropical soils,” J. Environ. Qual. 31, 581–589, 2002.