Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30132
Experimental Investigation on Effect of the Zirconium + Magnesium Coating of the Piston and Valve of the Single-Cylinder Diesel Engine to the Engine Performance and Emission

Authors: Erdinç Vural, Bülent Özdalyan, Serkan Özel

Abstract:

The four-stroke single cylinder diesel engine has been used in this study, the pistons and valves of the engine have been stabilized, the aluminum oxide (Al2O3) in different ratios has been added in the power of zirconium (ZrO2) magnesium oxide (MgO), and has been coated with the plasma spray method. The pistons and valves of the combustion chamber of the engine are coated with 5 different (ZrO2 + MgO), (ZrO2 + MgO + 25% Al2O3), (ZrO2 + MgO + 50% Al2O3), (ZrO2 + MgO + 75% Al2O3), (Al2O3) sample. The material tests have been made for each of the coated engine parts with the scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) using Cu Kα radiation surface analysis methods. The engine tests have been repeated for each sample in any electric dynamometer in full power 1600 rpm, 2000 rpm, 2400 rpm and 2800 rpm engine speeds. The material analysis and engine tests have shown that the best performance has been performed with (ZrO2 + MgO + 50% Al2O3). Thus, there is no significant change in HC and Smoke emissions, but NOx emission is increased, as the engine improves power, torque, specific fuel consumption and CO emissions in the tests made with sample A3.

Keywords: Ceramic coating, material characterization, engine performance, exhaust emissions.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1339646

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1012

References:


[1] Vural E., Thermal Analysis of Al2O3, TiO2 and SiC Coatings Combustion of a Diesel Engine Piston 3D Finite Element Method, International Journal of Scientific and Technological Research, Vol 1, No 6, (2015).
[2] Özer, S., Application of Heat Treatments at Motor Vehicle, International Iron & Steel Symposium, 02-04 April 2012, Karabük/Türkiye.
[3] Seiffert, U., Walzer, P., “Automobile Technology of Future”, SAE Pub. Warrendale, 1993.
[4] W.J. Kim, S.H. Ahn, H.G. Kim, J.G. Kim, Ismail Özdemir, Y. Tsunekawa, “Corrosion performance of plasma-sprayed cast iron coatings on aluminum alloy for automotive components”, Surface & Coatings Technology, 200, 1162 – 1167, (2005).
[5] J. Vetter, G., Barbezat, J., Crummenauer, J., Avissar N., “Surface treatment selections for automotive applications”, Surface & Coatings Technology 200, 1962 – 1968, (2005).
[6] Hanbey H., Ugur Ozturk, "The effects of Al2O3-TiO2 coating in a diesel engine on performance and emission of corn oil methyl ester", Renewable Energy, 35, 2211-2216, (2010).
[7] Harris, B., “Engineering composite materials”, London: IOM Communiations, (1999).
[8] Çetinkaya, S., “Thermodynamics”, Nobel Publishing, 117-143, (2011).
[9] Taymaz, I; Cakir, K; Mimaroglu, A., “Experimental study of effective efficiency in a ceramic coated diesel engine”, Surface & Coatings Technology, 200, 1182-1185, (2005).
[10] Yardım, M. H., “Engine Technology”, Nobel Publishing, Ankara, (2010).
[11] H. Gürbüz, “An Experimental Study on The Effects of the Thermal Barrier Plating Over Diesel Engine Performance and Emissions”, Karabük University, Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, M.Sc. Thesis, Karabuk, Turkey, (2011).
[12] Ciniviz, M., “The Effects Y2O3 – ZrO2 with Coatings of Combustion Chamber Surface on Performance and Emissions in a Turbocharged Diesel Engine”, Selcuk University, Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences Department of Mechanical Engineering Supervisor, PhD Thesis, Konya, Turkey, (2005).
[13] T. Hejwowski, Weroński, A., “The effect of thermal barrier coatings on diesel engine performance”, 3rd International Symposium on Applied Plasma Science (ISAPS 01), 65, (3–4), (427–432), (2002).
[14] Aydin, H., “Combined effects of thermal barrier coating and blending with diesel fuel on usability of vegetable oils in diesel engines”, Applied Thermal Engineering, 51, 623-629 (2013).
[15] Kumar, D., V., Kumar, P., R., Kumari, M., S., “Prediction of Performance and Emissions of a Biodiesel Fueled Lanthanum Zirconate Coated Direct Injection Diesel Engine Using Artificial Neural Networks“, International Conference on Design and Manufacturing (IConDM2013), 64, 993–1002, (2013).
[16] Vural E., Özel S., Özdalyan B., The investigation of microstructure and mechanical properties of oxide powders coated on engine pistons surface, Journal of Optoelectronics and Advanced Materials, 8(5-6), 515-520, (2014).
[17] Vural E., The Investigation of Effect on Engine Performance and Exhaust Emissions of Ceramic Coatings Applied to Single Cylinder Diesel Engine, Karabük University, Department of Manufacturing Engineering, PhD Thesis, June (2014).
[18] Ilkılıç, C., Yücesu, H. S., “The Use of Cotton Seed Oil Methyl Ester on a Diesel Engine”, Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization and Environmental Effects, 30 (8): 742-753 (2008).
[19] Bayraktar, H., “Experimental and Thereotical Investigation of Using Gasoline Ethanol Blends in Spark Ignition Engines”, Renewable Energy 30, 1733-1747, (2005).
[20] Black, G., Curan, H. J., Pichon, S., Simmie, J. M., Zhukov, V., “Bio-Butanol: Combustion Properties and Detailed Chemical Kinetic Model”, Combustion and Flame, 157, 363–373, 2010.
[21] Rakopoulos, D. C., Rakopoulos, D. C., Hountalas, D. T., Kakaras, E. C., Giakoumis, E. G., Papagiannakis, R. G., “Investigation of the performance and emissions of bus engine operating on butanol/diesel fuel blends”, Fuel, 89: (10), 2781–2790, (2010).
[22] Kutlar, O. A., Ergeneman, M., Arslan, H., Mutlu, M., “Arising out of vehicle exhaust pollutants”, Birsen Publishing, 4-9, (1998).