Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30745
Experimental Study of Different Types of Concrete in Uniaxial Compression Test

Authors: Mostafa Jafarian Abyaneh, Khashayar Jafari, Vahab Toufigh


Polymer concrete (PC) is a distinct concrete with superior characteristics in comparison to ordinary cement concrete. It has become well-known for its applications in thin overlays, floors and precast components. In this investigation, the mechanical properties of PC with different epoxy resin contents, ordinary cement concrete (OCC) and lightweight concrete (LC) have been studied under uniaxial compression test. The study involves five types of concrete, with each type being tested four times. Their complete elastic-plastic behavior was compared with each other through the measurement of volumetric strain during the tests. According to the results, PC showed higher strength, ductility and energy absorption with respect to OCC and LC.

Keywords: Polymer Concrete, lightweight concrete, uniaxial compression test, ordinary cement concrete, volumetric strain

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 723


[1] A. Considere, "Experimental researches on reinforced concrete," New York, NY, USA, McGraw Publishing Company, 1903.
[2] R. Bedi, R. Chandra, and S. P. Singh, "Mechanical Properties of Polymer Concrete." Journal of Composites, 2013: 1–12.
[3] R. Bedi, and R. Chandra, "Reviewing some properties of polymer concrete," The Indian Concrete Journal, vol. 88, no. 8, pp. 47–68, 2014.
[4] J. P. Gorninski, D. C. Dal Molin, and C. S. Kazmierczak, "Strength degradation of polymer concrete in acidic environments," Cement and Concrete Composites, vol. 29, no. 8, pp. 637–645, 2007.
[5] A. K. Gupta, P. Mani, and S. Krishnamoorthy, "Interfacial adhesion in polyester resin concrete," International Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 149–154, 1983.
[6] J. M. L. Reis, and A. J. M. Ferreira, "The effects of atmospheric exposure on the fracture properties of polymer concrete," Building and Environment, vol. 41, no. 3, pp. 262–267, 2006.
[7] W. Bai, J. Zhang, P. Yan, and X. Wang, "Study on vibration alleviating properties of glass fiber reinforced polymer concrete through orthogonal tests," Materials & Design, vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 1417–1421, 2009.
[8] S. Orak, "Investigation of vibration damping on polymer concrete with polyester resin," Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 171–174, 2000.
[9] H. Schulz, and R.-G. Nicklau, 1983. "Designing machine tool structures in polymer concrete," International Journal of Cement Composites and Lightweight Concrete, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 203–207, 2000.
[10] C. Bruni, A. Forcellese, F. Gabrielli, and M. Simoncini, "Hard turning of an alloy steel on a machine tool with a polymer concrete bed," Journal of Materials Processing Technology, vol. 202, no. 1-3, pp. 493–499, 2008.
[11] F. Cortes, and G. Castillo, "Comparison between the dynamical properties of polymer concrete and grey cast iron for machine tool applications," Materials & Design, vol. 28, no. 5, pp. 1461–1466, 2007.
[12] H. S. Kim, K. Y. Park, and D. G. Lee, "A study on the epoxy resin concrete for the ultra-precision machine tool bed," Journal of Materials Processing Technology, vol. 48, no. 1-4, pp. 649–655, 1995.
[13] L. R. Taerwe, "Influence of Steel Fibers on Strain-Softening of High-Strength Concrete," ACI Materials Journal, vol. 89, no. 1, pp. 54–60, 1993.
[14] L. S. Hsu, and C. T. Hsu, "Stress-Strain Behavior of Steel-fiber High-Strength Concrete Under Compression," ACI Structural Journal, vol. 91, no. 4, pp. 448–457, 1994.
[15] R. D. Maksimov, L. Jirgens, J. Jansons, and E. Plume, "Mechanical properties of polyester polymer-concrete," Mechanics of Composite Materials, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 99–110, 1999.
[16] C. Vipulanandian, and E. Paul, "Performance of Epoxy and Polyester Polymer Concrete," Materials Journal, vol. 87, no. 3, pp. 241–251, 1990.
[17] J. Reis, "Mechanical characterization of fiber reinforced Polymer Concrete," Materials Research, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 357–360, 2005.
[18] ASTM C33 / C33M-13. "Standard Specification for Concrete Aggregates," ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, USA, 2013.
[19] ASTM C29 / C29M-09. "Standard Test Method for Bulk Density (Unit Weight) and Voids in Aggregate," ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, USA, 2009.
[20] ACI committee 318. "Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete and Commentary," American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, MI, USA, 2014.
[21] ACI committee 548. "Guide for the Use of Polymers in Concrete," American Concrete Institute, USA, 2009.
[22] R. J. Detwiler, and P. K. Mehta, "Chemical and Physical Effects of Silica Fume on the Mechanical Behavior of Concrete," ACI Materials Journal, vol. 86, no. 6, pp. 609–614, 1989.
[23] ASTM C1240-15. "Standard Specification for Silica Fume Used in Cementitious Mixtures," ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, USA, 2015.