Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30836
Structure and Activity Research of Hydrocarbons Refining Catalysts Based on Wastes of Ferroalloy Production

Authors: Ruslan Safarov, Zhanat Shomanova, Yuri Nosenko, Zheneta Tashmuchambetova, Alima Zharmagambetova


An effective way of utilization of ferroalloy production wastes is preparing hydrocarbon refining catalysts from them. It is possible due to accordable transition metals containing in the wastes. In the work, we are presenting the results on elemental analysis of sludge samples from Aksu ferroalloy plant (Aksu, Kazakhstan), method of catalysts preparing, results of physical-chemical analysis of obtained catalysts (X-ray analysis, electron microscopy, the BET method etc.), results of using the catalysts in some hydrocarbons refining processes such as hydrocracking of rubber waste, cracking of gasoil, oxidation of cyclohexane. The main results of catalytic activity research are: a) In hydrocracking of rubber waste 64.9% of liquid products were fuel fractions; b) In cracking of gasoil conversion was 51% and selectivity by liquid products was 99%; c) In oxidation of cyclohexane the maximal product yield 87.9% and selectivity by cyclohexanol 93.0% were achieved.

Keywords: Catalyst, cyclohexane oxidation, ferroalloy production waste, gasoil cracking

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 585


[1] P. N. Bishetti, and L. Pammar, “Experimental study on utilization of industrial waste in concrete,” International Journal of Technical Research and Applications, vol. 2, pp. 49-52, 2014.
[2] J. R. Rao, P. Thanikaivelan, K. J. Sreeram, and B. U. Nair, “Green route for the utilization of chrome shavings (chromium-containing solid waste) in tanning industry,” Environmental Science & Technology, vol. 36, pp. 1372-1376, 2002.
[3] S. N. Othman, Z. Z. Noor, A. H. Abba, R. O. Yusuf and M. A. Abu Hassan, “Review on life cycle assessment of integrated solid waste management in some Asian countries,” Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 41, pp. 251-262, 2013.
[4] A. V. Zhdanov, V. I. Zhuchkov, V. Ya. Dashevskii, L. I. Leont’ev, “Utilization of ferroalloy-production wastes,” Steel in Translation, vol. 44, pp. 236–242, 2014.
[5] A. Alhimenko, M. Romanov, “Possibilities of use of industrial waste in road construction on the territory of the Leningrad region,” in Proc. of the International Conference “Innovative Materials, Structures and Technologies”, Riga, Latvia, 2014, pp. 12-17.
[6] Zh. Du, and Zh. Shao, “Combining transition metal catalysis and organocatalysis – an update,” Chemical Society Reviews, vol. 42, pp. 1337-1378, 2013.