Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 30124
Impact of Four Reading and Library Factors on the Grade Average of Ugandan Secondary School Students: A Quantitative Study
Authors: Valeda Dent
Abstract:This study explores reading and library factors related to secondary school student academic outcomes in rural areas in Uganda. This mixed methods study utilized quantitative data collected as part of a more extensive project to explore six student factors in relation to students’ school, library, and home environments. The Kitengesa Community Library in Uganda (www.kitengesalibrary.org) served as the site for this study. The factors explored for this study include reading frequency, library use frequency, library access, overall grade average (OGA), and presence and type of reading materials in the home. Results indicated that both reading frequency and certain types of reading materials read for recreational purposes are correlated with higher OGA. Reading frequency was positively correlated with student OGA for all students.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1126523Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 851
 Kevane M and Sissao A (2004) The cost of getting books read in rural Africa: Estimates from a survey of library use in Burkina Faso. World Libraries 14(2). Available at: http://www.worlib.org/vol14no2/kevane_v14n2.shtml (accessed 30 July 2014).
 World Bank (2008) Secondary textbook and school library provision in sub-Saharan Africa (World Bank Working Papers). Washington, D.C.: World Bank Publications. Available at: http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTAFRREGTOPSEIA/Resources/OtherTextbooks.pdf (accessed 3 August 2014).
 Okidi JA and Mugambe GK (2002) An overview of chronic poverty and development policy in Uganda. CPRC Working Paper 11. Manchester, UK: Chronic Poverty Research Centre.
 Ugandan Bureau of Statistics (2009) Educational Statistical Tables. Available at: http://www.ubos.org/?st=pagerelations2&id=21&p=related%20pages%202:Education%20Statistics (accessed 22 September 2014).
 Kitengesa Community Library (2013) Available at: www.kitengesalibrary.org (accessed 10 August 2014).
 Alemna A (1995) Community libraries: An alternative to public libraries in Africa. Library Review 44(7): 40-44.
 Mostert BJ (1998) Community libraries: The concept and its application – with particular reference to a South African library system. International Information and Library Review 30: 71-85.
 Rosenberg D (1993) Rural community resource centres: A sustainable option for Africa? Information Development 9(1/2): 29-35.
 Stilwell C (1989) Community libraries: A brief review of their origins and nature with particular reference to South Africa. Journal of Librarianship 21(4): 260-269.
 Stilwell C (1991) Community libraries: A viable alternative to the public library? Progressive Librarian 4 (Winter): 17-27.
 Sturges P and Neill R (1998) The quiet struggle: Information and libraries for the people of Africa 2nd ed. London, UK: Mansell Publishing.
 UNICEF Uganda Country Statistics (2011) Available at: http://www.unicef.org/infobycountry/uganda_statistics.html (accessed 15 May 2014).
 Parry K (2011) Libraries in Uganda: Not just linguistic imperialism.LIBRI International Journal of Libraries and Information Services 61: 328-337.
 Fisher D, Lapp D and Flood J (2001) The effects of access to print through the use of community libraries on the reading performance of elementary students. Reading Improvement 38:175-182.
 Oberg D (1999) A library power case study of Lakeside Elementary School, Chattanooga, Tennessee. School Libraries Worldwide 5(2): 63-79.
 Pharr F (2002) Reflections of an empowered library. Paper presented at the White House Conference on School Libraries. Available at: http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED472595.pdf (accessed 23 January 2015).
 Todd R and Kuhlthau C (2004) Student learning through Ohio school libraries: background, methodology, and report of findings. Ohio: Ohio Educational Library Media Association. Available at: http://www.oelma.org/StudentLearning/documents/OELMAReportofFindings.pdf (accessed 30 May 2014).
 Williams D, Wavell C and Coles A (2001) Recent research on the impact of the school library resource centre on learning. School Librarian 49(3): 123-127.
 Yoo JH (1998) The educational impact of the school library. ERIC database, ED417736. Available at: http://eric.ed.gov/PDFS/ED417736.pdf (accessed 3 August 2014).
 Oberg D (2001) Research indicating school libraries improve student achievement. Access August: 1-14.
 Small, RV, Snyder, J, and Parker K (2009) The impact of New York’s school libraries on student achievement and motivation: Phase I. School Library Media Research 12. Available at www.ala.org/ala/mgrps/divs/aasl/aaslpubsandjournals/slmrb/slmrcontents/volume 12/small.cfm (accessed 13 August 2014).
 Krashen S (1995) School libraries, public libraries, and the NAEP reading scores. School Library Media Quarterly 23: 235–238.
 Whitmire E (2001) The relationship between undergraduates’ background characteristics and college experiences and their academic library use. College and Research Libraries 62(6): 528-540.
 Bristow A (1992) The role of the rural school library in development. Mousaion Part Third Ser 10(2): 71-82.
 Lutaaya C (1999) Effect of library services of secondary school students: a case study of Ndejje Secondary School Library and Ndejje Day Vocational School.Unpublished dissertation, Makere University of Kampala, UG.
 Bus AG, Van Ijzendoorn MH and Pellegrini AD (1995) Joint book reading makes for success in learning to read: A meta-analysis on intergenerational transmission of literacy. Review of Educational Research 65(5): 1-21.
 Wigfield A, Guthries J, Tonks S and Perencevic K (2004) Children’s motivation for reading: Domain specificity and instructional influences. The Journal of Educational Research 97(6): 299-309.
 Parry K (2008) It takes a village -- and a library: Developing a reading culture in Uganda. Edutopia Magazine Online. Available at: http://www.edutopia.org/global-education-uganda-community-library (accessed 3 July 2014).
 McQuillan J and Au J (2001) The effect of print access on reading frequency. Reading Psychology 22: 225-248.
 Morrow L (1992) The impact of a literature-based program on literacy achievement, use of literature, and attitudes of children from minority backgrounds. Reading Research Quarterly 27: 250–275.
 Baker L (1999) Opportunities at home and in the community that foster reading engagement. In: Guthrie J and Alvermann D (eds) Engaged reading: Processes, practices, and policy implications. New York: Teachers College Press, pp. 105–133.
 Neuman S and Roskos K (1993) Access to print for children of poverty: Differential effects of adult mediation and literacy-enriched play settings on environmental and functional print tasks. American Educational Research Journal 30: 95–122.
 Rucker B (1982) Magazines and teenage reading skills: Two controlled field experiments. Journalism Quarterly 59: 28–33.
 West R, Stanovich K and Mitchell H (1993) Reading in the real world and its correlates. Reading Research Quarterly 28: 34–50.
 Ramos F (1997) A band-aid remedy for a big injury: Bringing schools to libraries. California School Library Journal 21(1): 16–17.
 Dent V and Yannotta L (2005) A rural community library in Uganda: A study of its use and users. LIBRI International Journal of Libraries and Information Services 55(1): 39-55.
 Muwanga NK, Aguti JN, Mugisha JF, Ndidde AN and Siminyu SN (2007) Literacy practices in primary schools in Uganda: Lessons for future interventions. Kampala, Uganda: Fountain Publishers.
 Hungi N and Thuku F (2010) Variations in reading achievement across 14 southern African school systems: Which factors matter? International Review of Education 56: 63-101.
 Dent V (2006) Observations of school library impact at two rural Ugandan schools. New Library World 107(9/10): 403-421.
 Bartlett J, Kotrlik J and Higgins C (2001) Organizational research: Determining appropriate sample size in survey research. Information Technology, Learning, and Performance Journal 19(1): 43-50.
 Aikens NL and Barbarin OA (2008) Socioeconomic differences in reading trajectories: The contribution of family, neighborhood, and school contexts. Journal of Educational Psychology 100(2): 235 - 251.
 Smith C, Constantino R and Krashen S (1997) Differences in print environment for children in Beverly Hills, Compton, and Watts. Emergency Librarian 24(4): 8-9.
 Small RV and Snyder J (2010) Research instruments for measuring the impact of school libraries on student achievement and motivation. School Libraries Worldwide 16(1): 61-72.
 Krashen S (2004) The Power of Reading. Portsmouth: Heinemann and Westport: Libraries Unlimited.
 Krashen S (1996) Every person a reader. Culver City, CA: Language Education Associates.
 Openjuru GL and Lyster E (2007) Christianity and rural community literacy practices in Uganda. Journal of Research in Reading 30(1): 97-112.
 Ellis S and ter Harr G (2004) Worlds of power: Religious thought and political practice in Africa. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
 Lance KC, Welborn L and Hamilton-Pennell C (1993) The impact of school library media centers on academic achievement. Castle Rock, CO: Hi Willow Research and Publishing.
 Marshall MN (1996) Sampling for qualitative research. Family Practice 13: 522-25.
 Population Reference Bureau (2011) Uganda: At the Beginning of the Demographic Transition. Available at: http://www.prb.org/Publications/Datasheets/2011/world-population-data-sheet/uganda.aspx. (accessed 23 January 2015).