Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 30123
Performance Tests of Wood Glues on Different Wood Species Used in Wood Workshops: Morogoro Tanzania
Authors: Japhet N. Mwambusi
Abstract:High tropical forests deforestation for solid wood furniture industry is among of climate change contributing agents. This pressure indirectly is caused by furniture joints failure due to poor gluing technology based on improper use of different glues to different wood species which lead to low quality and weak wood-glue joints. This study was carried in order to run performance tests of wood glues on different wood species used in wood workshops: Morogoro Tanzania whereby three popular wood species of C. lusitanica, T. glandis and E. maidenii were tested against five glues of Woodfix, Bullbond, Ponal, Fevicol and Coral found in the market. The findings were necessary on developing a guideline for proper glue selection for a particular wood species joining. Random sampling was employed to interview carpenters while conducting a survey on the background of carpenters like their education level and to determine factors that influence their glues choice. Monsanto Tensiometer was used to determine bonding strength of identified wood glues to different wood species in use under British Standard of testing wood shear strength (BS EN 205) procedures. Data obtained from interviewing carpenters were analyzed through Statistical Package of Social Science software (SPSS) to allow the comparison of different data while laboratory data were compiled, related and compared by the use of MS Excel worksheet software as well as Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). Results revealed that among all five wood glues tested in the laboratory to three different wood species, Coral performed much better with the average shear strength 4.18 N/mm2, 3.23 N/mm2 and 5.42 N/mm2 for Cypress, Teak and Eucalyptus respectively. This displays that for a strong joint to be formed to all tree wood species for soft wood and hard wood, Coral has a first priority in use. The developed table of guideline from this research can be useful to carpenters on proper glue selection to a particular wood species so as to meet glue-bond strength. This will secure furniture market as well as reduce pressure to the forests for furniture production because of the strong existing furniture due to their strong joints. Indeed, this can be a good strategy on reducing climate change speed in tropics which result from high deforestation of trees for furniture production.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1126453Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1875
 BSA, “History of Adhesives. BSA Educational Services”: Volume 1, Issue 2 July 15, 1991.
 C. B. Vick, “Adhesive Bonding of Wood in Materials Wood Handbook”. Wood as an Engineering Material Forest Products. Laboratory USDA Forest Service: Madison, Wisconsi. 1999, Ch. 9.
 Gurit Marketing Company, “Bonding with Epoxy in Wood Construction”: Gurit Marketing Companies Rev: UKHBWE-5-0907-4, 2002. pp 2 - 3
 C. R. Frihart, “Wood Adhesion and Adhesives”. In Roger M. Rowell (Ed), Wood Chemistry and Wood Composites: USDA, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory. CRC Press LLC- Madison, WI, 2005. pp 215 - 272.
 M. L. Selbo, “Adhesive bonding of wood”. U.S. Dep. Agriculture and Forest Services: Tech. Bull. No. 1512, p. 124. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 1975
 M. Schofield, “How Strong is Your Glue?” In Fine wood working: The Taunton Press, Inc. July/August 2007, pp 36-40
 G. M. Muthike and J. K. Githiomi, “Choice and utilization of adhesives in wood gluing”: Guidelines for users of Wood Adhesives. Kenya forestry research institute - Forest Products Research Centre – Karura. January, 2011
 A. A. Marra, “Technology of Wood Bonding”: Principles in Practice. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York. 1992
 O. Brett, “Symposium on adhesive technology”. Packer, J. (edt) Glen A Rowland, Adhesives and Adhesion, CHEM NZ, 1998, No.71, 17-27. 1990
 R. B. Miller, “Characteristics and Availability of Commercially Important Woods in Materials Wood Handbook”. Wood as an Engineering Material Forest Products Laboratory USDA Forest Service: Madison, Wisconsin (1999). Ch. 1.
 R. N. Mutuku, Contact Angle and Wet ability. Wood Science Laboratory, Department of Forest and Wood Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins. 1982.
 B. H. River, C. B. Vick, and R. H. Gillespie, “Wood as an adherend’ In: Minford, J.D. (Ed.), Treatise on Adhesion and Adhesives. Vol. 7. Marcel Dekker, New York, July 1991.
 J. J. Bikerman, “The Science of Adhesive Joints” (2nd edn.). Academic Press, New York. (1968).
 G. M. Muthike, “Strength Characteristics of Adhesives and Paints for Wood Used in Furniture Manufacturing in Kenya”. MPhil Thesis. Department of Wood Science and Technology, Moi University Eldoret – Kenya, 2003.
 United Republic of Tanzania, “Morogoro Region Stasistcs”. Ministry of planning, economy and empowerment: morogoro-Tanzania. Dec, 2007
 BS EN 205, Adhesives. Wood adhesives for non-structural applications. Determination of tensile shear strength of lap joints, British Standards Institution, 2003.