Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30831
A Knee Modular Orthosis Design Based on Kinematic Considerations

Authors: C. Copilusi, C. Ploscaru


This paper addresses attention to a research regarding the design of a knee orthosis in a modular form used on children walking rehabilitation. This research is focused on the human lower limb kinematic analysis which will be used as input data on virtual simulations and prototype validation. From this analysis, important data will be obtained and used as input for virtual simulations of the knee modular orthosis. Thus, a knee orthosis concept was obtained and validated through virtual simulations by using MSC Adams software. Based on the obtained results, the modular orthosis prototype will be manufactured and presented in this article.

Keywords: Kinematic Analysis, human lower limb, children orthoses, knee orthosis

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 852


[1] B. Weinberg, S. Patel, et al., “Design, Control and Human Testing of an Active Knee Rehabilitation Orthotic Device”, in 2007 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, pp. 4126-4133.
[2] J. A. Blaya, H. Herr, "Adaptive Control of a Variable-Impedance Ankle-Foot Orthosis to Assist Drop-Foot Gait", IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng, 12(1), pp. 24-31, 2004.
[3] K. Koyanagi, J. Furusho, U. Ryu A. Inoue, "Development of Rehabilitation System for the Upper Limbs in a NEDO Project," Proceedings - 2003, IEEE International Conference on Robotics andAutomation, Vol. 3, pp. 4016-4022.
[4] J.D. Carlson, W. Matthis, J.R. Toscano, "Smart Prosthetics Based on Magnetorheological Fluids," in Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, 2001,Vol. 4332, pp. 308-316.
[5] S. Dong, K. Lu, J.Q. Sun, K. Rudolph, "Rehabilitation Device with Variable Resistance and Intelligent Control", in Medical Engineering and Physics, Vol. 27, No. 3, 2005, pp. 249-255.
[6] C. Copilusi, N. Dumitru, M. Marin, L. Rusu, "Children Orthotics and Prostheses Devices Designed from Cinematic and Dynamic Considerations", Engineering Letters Journal. Vol. 20:4. pp. 301-316. 2012.
[7] Ma Hao and Wei-Hsin Liao, "Design optimization of a magnetorheological brake in powered knee orthosis", Proc. SPIE 9431, Active and Passive Smart Structures and Integrated Systems. 2015.
[8] C. Copilusi, "Researches regarding some mechanical systems applicable in medicine". PhD. Thesis, Faculty of Mechanics, Craiova. 2009.
[9] A. Heyn, R. E. Mayagoitia, A. V. Nene, and P. H. Veltink, "The kinematics of the swing phase obtained from accelerometer and gyroscope measurements", in: Proceedings of the 18th Int. Conf. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society—Bridging Disciplines for Biomedicine, pp. 463-464. 1996.
[10] D. Hooman, M. Brigitte, et al., "Estimation and Visualization of Sagittal Kinematics of Lower Limbs Orientation Using Body-Fixed Sensors", in: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, Vol. 53, No. 7, pp. 1385–1393. 2006.
[11] R. M. Kiss, L. Kocsis, and Z. Knoll, "Joint kinematics and spatial temporal parameters of gait measured by an ultrasound-based system", in: Med. Eng. Phys. Journal, vol. 26, pp. 611–620. 2004.
[12] M. Williams, "Biomechanics of human motion". W.B. Saunders Co. Philadelphia and Lon-don, U.K. 1996.
[13] J. Giesbers, "Contact Mechanics in MSC Adams. A technical evaluation of the contact models in multibody dynamics software MSC Adams". Bachelor Thesis. University of Twente. 2012.