Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 31100
Biodiversity and Climate Change: Consequences for Norway Spruce Mountain Forests in Slovakia
Abstract:Study of the effects of climate change on Norway Spruce (Picea abies) forests has mainly focused on the diversity of tree species diversity of tree species as a result of the ability of species to tolerate temperature and moisture changes as well as some effects of disturbance regime changes. The tree species’ diversity changes in spruce forests due to climate change have been analyzed via gap model. Forest gap model is a dynamic model for calculation basic characteristics of individual forest trees. Input ecological data for model calculations have been taken from the permanent research plots located in primeval forests in mountainous regions in Slovakia. The results of regional scenarios of the climatic change for the territory of Slovakia have been used, from which the values are according to the CGCM3.1 (global) model, KNMI and MPI (regional) models. Model results for conditions of the climate change scenarios suggest a shift of the upper forest limit to the region of the present subalpine zone, in supramontane zone. N. spruce representation will decrease at the expense of beech and precious broadleaved species (Acer sp., Sorbus sp., Fraxinus sp.). The most significant tree species diversity changes have been identified for the upper tree line and current belt of dwarf pine (Pinus mugo) occurrence. The results have been also discussed in relation to most important disturbances (wind storms, snow and ice storms) and phenological changes which consequences are little known. Special discussion is focused on biomass production changes in relation to carbon storage diversity in different carbon pools.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1124557Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1264
 A. Fischlin, H. Bugmann, D. Gyalistras, “Sensitivity of a forest ecosystem model to climate parametrization schemes. Environmental Pollution, 1995, vol. 87, pp. 267-282.
 C. Bellard, C. Bertelsmeier, P. Leadley, W. Thuiller, F. Courchamp, „Impacts of climate change on the future of biodiversity,“ Ecology Letters, (2012), vol. 15, pp. 365–377.
 G. B. Bonan, “Forests and Climate Change: Forcing, Feedbacks, and the Climate Benefits of Forests. Review,” Science, vol. 320, 13 JUNE 2008, pp. 1444-1449.
 H. H. Shugart, A Theory of Forest Dynamics. New York: Springer- Verlag, 1984, 278 pp.
 J. Holeksa, M. Saniga, J. Szwagrzyk, T. Dziedzic, S. Ferenc, M. Wodka, “Altitudinal variability of stand structure and regeneration in the subalpine spruce forests of the Pol’ana biosphere reserve, Central Slovakia,” Eur J Forest Res (2007), vol.126, pp. 303–313.
 J. Mindas, J.Skvarenina, K. Strelcova, T. Priwitzer, “Influence of climatic changes on Norway spruce occurrence in the West Carpathians,” Journal of Forest Science, 46, 2000 (6): 249-259.
 J. Mindas, P. Pavlenda, J. Jankovic, J. Istona, “Influence of site factors on biodiversity of forest communities in the study area of Low Tatras Mts. (in Slovak language),“ Forestry Journal, vol. 46(3), 2000, pp.287- 301. ISSN 0323-1046.
 J. Skvareninova, “Beginning of the vegetative phenostages of Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) from Slovakia in relation to temperature sums (in Slovak language),” Meteorological Journal (Bratislava), vol. 12 (2–3), pp. 109–113.
 M. Lapin, M. Melo, “Methods of climate change scenarios projection in Slovakia and selected results,“ J. of Hydrol. and Hydromech., 52: No. 4, pp. 224-238.
 M. Lindner, M. Maroschek, S. Netherer, A. Kremerd, A. Barbatie, J. Garcia-Gonzaloa, R. Seidl, S. Delzon, P. Corona, M. Kolstrom, M. J. Lexer, M. Marchetti, “Climate change impacts, adaptive capacity, and vulnerability of European forest ecosystems,” Forest Ecology and Management, 259 (2010), pp. 698–709.
 M. Moravcik (ed.), “Forests in Slovakia – 2015”, National Forest Centre, Zvolen, Slovakia, 2015.