Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 31097
Learning Materials of Atmospheric Pressure Plasma Process: Application in Wrinkle-Resistant Finishing of Cotton Fabric

Authors: C. W. Kan


Cotton fibre is a commonly-used natural fibre because of its good fibre strength, high moisture absorption behaviour and minimal static problems. However, one of the main drawbacks of cotton fibre is wrinkling after washing, which is recently overcome by wrinkle-resistant treatment. 1,2,3,4-butanetetracarboxylic acid (BTCA) could improve the wrinkle-resistant properties of cotton fibre. Although the BTCA process is an effective method for wrinkle resistant application of cotton fabrics, reduced fabric strength was observed after treatment. Therefore, this paper would explore the use of atmospheric pressure plasma treatment under different discharge powers as a pretreatment process to enhance the application of BTCA process on cotton fabric without generating adverse effect. The aim of this study is to provide learning information to the users to know how the atmospheric pressure plasma treatment can be incorporated in textile finishing process with positive impact.

Keywords: Cotton, learning materials, atmospheric pressure plasma treatment, wrinkle-resistant, BTCA

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1110


[1] M. Hashem, N.A. Ibrahim, A. El-Shafei, R. Refaie and P. Hauser, “An eco-friendly–novel approach for attaining wrinkle–free/soft-hand cotton fabric,” Carbohydrate Polymers, vol. 78, pp. 680-703, 2009.
[2] K.S. Huang, W.J. Wu, J.B. Chen and H.S. Lian, “Application of low-molecular-weight chitosan in durable press finishing,” Carbohydrate Polymers, vol. 73, pp. 254-260, 2008.
[3] I. Holme, “Innovative technologies for high performance textiles,” Coloration Technology, vol. 123, pp. 59-73, 2007.
[4] C.W. Kan, Y.L. Lam, C.W.M. Yuen, A. Luximon, K.W. Lau and K.S. Chen, “Chemical analysis of plasma-assisted antimicrobial treatment on cotton,” Journal of Physics: Conference Series, vol. 441, 012002, 2013.
[5] Y.J. Hwang and M.G. McCord, “Effects of helium atmospheric pressure plasma treatment on low-stress mechanical properties of polypropylene nonwoven fabrics,” Textile Research Journal, vol. 75, pp. 771-778, 2005.
[6] C.X. Wang, Y. Liu, H.L. Xu, Y. Ren and Y.P. Qiu, “Influence of atmospheric pressure plasma treatment time on penetration depth of surface modification into fabric,” Applied Surface Science, vol. 254, pp. 2499-2505, 2008.
[7] S. Kaplan, “Plasma processes for wide fabric, film and non-wovens,” Surface and Coatings Technology, vol. 186, pp. 214-217, 2004.
[8] K.V. Rajpreet and N.R. Gita, “Plasma and antimicrobial treatment of nonwoven fabrics for surgical gowns,” Textile Research Journal, vol. 74, pp. 1073-1079, 2004.
[9] Y.L. Lam, C.W. Kan and C.W.M. Yuen, “Effects of oxygen plasma pre-treatment and titanium dioxide overlay coating on flame retardant finished cotton fabrics,” BioResources, vol. 6, pp. 1454-1474, 2011.
[10] W.S. Man, C.W. Kan and S.P. Ng, “The use of atmospheric pressure plasma treatment on enhancing the pigment application to cotton fabric,” Vacuum, vol. 99, pp. 7-11, 2014.
[11] Y.L. Lam, C.W. Kan and C.W.M. Yuen, “Physical and chemical analysis of plasma-treated cotton fabric subjected to wrinkle-resistant finishing,” Cellulose, vol. 18, pp. 493-503, 2011.
[12] H.A. Karahan and E. Özdoğan, “Improvements of surface functionality of cotton fibers by atmospheric plasma treatment,” Fibers and Polymers, vol. 9, pp. 21-26, 2008.
[13] C.W. Kan, C.W.M. Yuen and W.Y. Tsoi, “Using atmospheric pressure plasma for enhancing the deposition of printing paste on cotton fabric for digital ink-jet printing,” Cellulose, vol. 18, pp. 827-839.
[14] C.X. Wang and Y.P. Qiu, “Two sided modification of wool fabrics by atmospheric pressure plasma jet: influence of processing parameters on plasma penetration,” Surface and Coatings Technology, vol. 201, pp. 6273-6277, 2007.