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Art and Culture in the Development Period to Modernization in the Reign of King Rama VI

Authors: Weena Eiamprapai

Abstract:

The growth of Thai society in western style in the middle of Rattanakosin period can be defined as modernization /civilization. These terms had an influence on the development of the country in the reign of King Rama V owing to the governance reform, and cultures influenced by the West. Those were passed on until the reign of King Rama VI. The preference was not only for the renovation of architecture and arts based on Thai customs reflecting the prosperity and beauty of handicrafts but also for the acceptance of westernization. The remain of this acceptance includes the concept of such value as gentlemanly behavior like that in Victorian Era of the United Kingdom, and the support of women’s status. Moreover, the wide spread of modernization leads to the movement to change the country’s governance system from absolute monarchy to democracy by a group of people called Rattanakosin Era (R.E.) 130 party.

Keywords: Art and culture, development period, modernization, King Rama VI.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1339137

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References:


[1] The National Archives of Thailand (NAT) is a Thai government agency under Fine Arts Department of the Ministry of Culture, established in 1916 (B.E.2459) as a section of the Vajirayan National Library of Thailand
[2] Taken in December 2013.
[3] M.L. Pin Malakul Dramatic Achievement of King Rama VI. Bangkok: Thai Wattana Panich.1975.pp.6-10.
[4] Prakitnontakarn, Chatri. Politic and Society in the Art of Architecture: Siam period, applied traditional Thai art, nationalism. Bangkok: Matichon Pusblishing.2007.p.219.
[5] Ibid, p. 222.
[6] Meechubhot,Worachat. King Rama VI’s Caricature Portrait Drawing. Bangkok: Srangsan Book. 2012.p.254.
[7] Kittimahachareon, Sararot. Gentleman in the Literary work of King Rama VI and Sriburapha. A Dissertation Submitted Fulfillment of the Requirement for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy Program. Chulalongkorn University. 2008. pp.21-23.
[8] Krairoek, Nana. The Search of Rattanakosin. Nontaburi: So. Asia Press.2013.pp. 387-396.
[9] King Rama VI. King Rama VI’s Archive. Published on the memory of the Royal Funeral Ceremony of M.L.Chatwalit Kasemson at the Royal Ceremation Place of Thepsarintrawast. 1 August 1974. p.35.
[10] The National Archives of Thailand (NAT) is a Thai government agency under Fine Arts Department of the Ministry of Culture, established in 1916 (B.E.2459) as a section of the Vajirayan National Library of Thailand
[11] The National Archives of Thailand (NAT) is a Thai government agency under Fine Arts Department of the Ministry of Culture, established in 1916 (B.E.2459) as a section of the Vajirayan National Library of Thailand
[12] Suttayanurak, Arttajak. The Change of Thai Elite’s Vision: from King Rama IV to Buddhist era 2475. Bangkok: Chulalongkorn University Press. 1998. p.206.