Unified Power Flow Controller Placement to Improve Damping of Power Oscillations
Weak damping of low frequency oscillations is a frequent phenomenon in electrical power systems. These frequencies can be damped by power system stabilizers. Unified power flow controller (UPFC), as one of the most important FACTS devices, can be applied to increase the damping of power system oscillations and the more effect of this controller on increasing the damping of oscillations depends on its proper placement in power systems. In this paper, a technique based on controllability is proposed to select proper location of UPFC and the best input control signal in order to enhance damping of power oscillations. The effectiveness of the proposed technique is demonstrated in IEEE 9 bus power system.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1110806Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1444
 N. Magaji and M.W. Mustafa, “Optimal Location of FACTS devices for damping oscillations using Residue Factor,” IEEE International conference on power and Energy (PECon 08), December 1-3, 2008.
 W.-K. Chen, E. V. Larsen, J. J. Sanchez-Gasca and J. H. Chow, ”Concepts for Design of FACTS Controllers to damp power swings,” IEEE transactios on Power Systems, vol. 10, 1995, pp. 948-955.
 H. Okamoto, A. Kurita and Y. Sekine, “A method for identification of effective location of variable impedance apparatus on enhancement of steady state stability in large scale power systems,” IEEE Trans.power Syst, vol. 10, 1995, pp. 1401-1407.
 K. M. Son and J. K. Park, “On the robust LQG control of TCSC for damping power system oscillations,” IEEETransPower Syst, vol. 15, 2000, pp. 1306-1312.
 M. G. M. Noroozian, G. Andersson, J.Gronquist and I. Hiskens, “A Robust control strategy for shant and series Reactive Compensators to Damp Electromechanical Oscillations,” IEEE transactions on Power Delivery, vol .16, 2001, pp. 812-817.
 X. R. Chen, N. C. Pahalawaththa, U. D. Annakkage and C. S. Kumble, “output feedback TCSC controllers to improve damping of multi – machine power systems,” IEE proc, Gener Transm Distrib ,vol. 144, 1997, pp. 243-248.
 A. R. Messina and M. Nayebzadeh, “An Efficient Placement Algorithm of Multiple Controllers For Damping Power System Oscillations,” Power Engineering Society Summer Meeting, vol. 2, 1999, pp. 1280- 1285.
 R. S. Fang and A. K. David, “Optimal dispath under transmission contracts,” IEEE Transaction. Power System, vol. 14, 1999, pp. 732- 737.
 S. N. Singh and A. K David, “A new approach for placement of FACTS devices in open Powermarket,” IEEE Power Eng. Rev, vol. 21, 2001, pp. 58-60.
 R. Sadikovic, P. Korba, and G. Andersson, “self-tuning controller for Damping of Power System Oscillations with FACTS Device,” Power Engineering Society General Meeting, 2006.
 H. Shayeghi, H. A. Shayanfar, S. Jalilzadeh and A. Safari, “A PSO based unified power flow controller for damping of power system oscillations,” Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 50, no.10, 2009, pp. 2583-2589.
 H. Shayeghi, “Multi stage fuzzy damping controller using genetic algorithms for the UPFC,” International Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, vol. 2, no.11, 2008, pp. 673- 679.
 H. Shayeghi, H. A. Shayanfar, S. Jalilzadeh and A. Safari, “Tuning of damping controller for UPFC using quantum particle swarm optimizer,” Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 51, no.11, 2010, pp. 2299- 2306.
 H. Shayeghi, H. A. Shayanfar, S. Jalilzadeh and A. Safari, “COA based robust output feedback UPFC controller design,” Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 51, no. 12, 2010, pp. 2678-2684.
 L. H. Hassan, M. Moghavvemi, H. A. F. Almurib and O. Steinmayer, “Application of genetic algorithm in optimization of unified power flow controller parameters and its location in the power system network,” International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems, vol. 46, 2013, pp. 89-97.
 Y. Yuan, L. Cheng, Y. Sun and G. Li, “Placement of SVCs and Selection of Stabilizing Signals Based on Observability and Controllability,” IEEE International conference on power and Energy, July 2008.
 B. K. Kumar, S. N. Singh and S.C. Srivastava, “placement of FACTS controllers using modal controllability indices to damp out power oscillations,” IET Gener .Transm Distrib .vol. 1, 2007, pp. 209-217, 2007.
 J. M. Ramirez and L. Coronado, “Allocation of the UPFC to enhance the damping of power oscillations,” Electrical Power and Energy System, vol. 24, 2002, pp. 355-362.
 W. S. Peter and M. A. Pai, “Power System dynamics and stability,” Prentice Hall, New Jersey, USA, 1998.