Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30063
Effects of Cerium Oxide Nanoparticle Addition in Diesel and Diesel-Biodiesel Blends on the Performance Characteristics of a CI Engine

Authors: Abbas Alli Taghipoor Bafghi, Hosein Bakhoda, Fateme Khodaei Chegeni


An experimental investigation is carried out to establish the performance characteristics of a compression ignition engine while using cerium oxide nanoparticles as additive in neat diesel and diesel-biodiesel blends. In the first phase of the experiments, stability of neat diesel and diesel-biodiesel fuel blends with the addition of cerium oxide nanoparticles is analyzed. After series of experiments, it is found that the blends subjected to high speed blending followed by ultrasonic bath stabilization improves the stability. In the second phase, performance characteristics are studied using the stable fuel blends in a single cylinder four stroke engine coupled with an electrical dynamometer and a data acquisition system. The cerium oxide acts as an oxygen donating catalyst and provides oxygen for combustion. The activation energy of cerium oxide acts to burn off carbon deposits within the engine cylinder at the wall temperature and prevents the deposition of non-polar compounds on the cylinder wall results reduction in HC emissions. The tests revealed that cerium oxide nanoparticles can be used as additive in diesel and diesel-biodiesel blends to improve complete combustion of the fuel significantly.

Keywords: Diesel engine, cerium oxide, diesel-biodiesel blends, nanoparticles.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF


[1] Prommes Kwancharareon, Apanee Luengnaruemitchai, Samai Jai-In. 2007. Solubility of a Diesel-Biodiesel-Ethanol Blend, Its Fuel Properties, and Its Emission Characteristics from Diesel Engine. Fuel. 86: 1053-1061.
[2] Arul Mozhi Selvan V., Anand R.B., Udayakumar M. 2008. Stability and Performance Characteristics of Diesohol Using Biodiesel as Additive in Compression Ignition Engine. Proc. of the Int. conference on Fascinating Advances in Mechanical Engineering, India. pp. 667-673.
[3] Heejung Jung, David B. Kittelson, Michael R. Zachariah. 2005. The Influence of a Cerium Additive on Ultrafine Diesel Particulate Emissions and Kinetics of Oxidation. Combustion and Flame. 142: 276- 288.
[4] Sanchez Escribano.V., Fernandez Lopez. E., Gallardo-Amores. J.M., Hoyo Martínez C. del., Pistarino.C, Panizza. M., Resini. C., Buscac. G. 2008. A Study of a Ceria-Zirconia-Supported Manganese Oxide Catalyst for Combustion of Diesel Soot Particles. Combustion and Flame. 153: 97-104.
[5] Idriss H. 2004. Ethanol Reactions over the Surface of Noble Metal/Cerium Oxide Catalysts. Platinum Metals Rev. 48(3): 105-115.
[6] Barry Park, Kenneth Donaldson, Rodger Duffin, Lang Tran, Frank Kelly, Ian Mudway, Jean Paul Morin, Robin Guest, Peter Jenkinson, Zissis Samaras, Myrsini Giannouli, Haris Kouridis, Patricia Martin, 2008. Hazard and Risk assessment of a Nanoparticulate Cerium Oxide based Diesel Fuel Additive-A Case Study. Inhalation Toxicology. 20(6): 547-566.
[7] Melanie Auffan, Jerome Rose, Thierry Orsiere, Michel De Meo, Antoine Thill, Ophelie Zeyons, Olivier Proux, Armand Masion, Perrine Chaurand, Olivier Spalla, Alain Botta, Mark R. Wiesner, Jean-yves Bottero. 2009. CeO2 Nanoparticles Induce DNA Damage towards Human Dermal Fibroblasts in vitro. Nanotoxicology. DOI: 10.1080/17435390902788086.
[8] Ali Keskin, Metin Guru, Duran Altıparmak “Influence of Tall Oil Biodiesel with Mg and Mo Based Fuel Additives on Diesel Engine Performance and Emission” Ersin University, Turkey, Bio Resource Technology 99 (2008) 6434–6438.
[9] ASTM D 445, “Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids”.
[10] ASTM 97-05a, “Test Method for Pour Point of Petroleum Products”.
[11] ASTM D92-05a, “Test Method for Flash and Fire Points by Cleveland Open Cup Tester”.
[12] Clark, S. L., Wagner, L. and Schrock, M. D. (1997). Methyl and Ethyl Soybean as Renewable Fuels for Diesel Engine. JAOCS, 10: 632-637.