Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30063
Performance Evaluation of Discrete Fourier Transform Algorithm Based PMU for Wide Area Measurement System

Authors: Alpesh Adeshara, Rajendrasinh Jadeja, Praghnesh Bhatt

Abstract:

Implementation of advanced technologies requires sophisticated instruments that deal with the operation, control, restoration and protection of rapidly growing power system network under normal and abnormal conditions. Presently, the applications of Phasor Measurement Unit (PMU) are widely found in real time operation, monitoring, controlling and analysis of power system network as it eliminates the various limitations of supervisory control and data acquisition system (SCADA) conventionally used in power system. The use of PMU data is very rapidly increasing its importance for online and offline analysis. Wide area measurement system (WAMS) is developed as new technology by use of multiple PMUs in power system. The present paper proposes a model of Matlab based PMU using Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT) algorithm and evaluation of its operation under different contingencies. In this paper, PMU based two bus system having WAMS network is presented as a case study.

Keywords: DFT-Discrete Fourier Transform, GPS-Global Positioning System, PMU-Phasor Measurement System, WAMS-Wide Area Monitoring System.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1107527

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF

References:


[1] Complex Quantities and their use in Electrical Engineering; Charles Proteus Steinmetz; Proceedings of the International Electrical Congress, Chicago, IL; AIEE Proceedings, 1893, pp 33-74.
[2] Phadke, A. G.; “Synchronized phasor measurements-a historical overview," Transmission and Distribution Conference and Exhibition 2002: Asia Pacific. IEEE/PES, Vol. 1, no., pp. 476- 479 vol.1, 6-10 Oct. 2002.
[3] R. Moxley, “Synchrophasors in the Real World,” Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Inc. Available: http://www.selinc.com/techpprs.html.
[4] Horowitz, S. H.; Phadke, A. G., "Boosting immunity to blackouts," Power and Energy Magazine, IEEE , Vol. 1, no. 5, pp. 47- 53, Sept.-Oct. 2003
[5] Salehi, V.; Mazloomzadeh, A.; Fernandez, J. F.; Mohammed, O. A., "Real-time power system analysis and security monitoring by WAMPAC systems," Innovative Smart Grid Technologies (ISGT), 2012 IEEE PES , vol., no., pp.1-8, 16-20 Jan. 2012.
[6] A New Measurement Technique for Tracking Voltage Phasor, Local System Frequency, and Rate of Change of Frequency; A. Phadke, J. Thorp, M. Adamiak; IEEE Trans. vol. PAS-102 no. 5, May 1983, pp 1025-1038.
[7] De La Ree, J., Centeno, V., Thorp, J. S., Phadke, A.G.: Synchronized phasor measurement applications in power systems. IEEE Trans. Smart Grid 1(1), pp 20–27, 2010.
[8] Mahmoud M, Amin, Heba B. Moussa, Osama A. Mohammed: Wide area measurement system for smart grid application involving hybrid energy sources. Springer verlat 2012 Energy System, pp 3-21.
[9] Metke, A. R., Ekl, R. L.: Security technology for smart grid networks. IEEE Trans. Smart Grid 1(1), 99–107, 2010.
[10] Pipattanasomporn, M., Feroze, H., Rahman, S.: Multi-agent systems in a distributed smart grid: design and implementation. In: IEEE PES 2009 Power Systems Conference and Exposition (PSCE’09), Seattle, USA 2009.
[11] Krishna, R. V.; Ashok, S.; Krishnan, M. G., "Synchronised Phasor Measurement Unit" Power Signals Control and Computations (EPSCICON), 2014 International Conference on, vol., no., pp.1,6,6-11 Jan. 2014.
[12] M. Zima, T. Krause and G. Andersson, “Evaluation of System Protection Schemes, Wide Area Monitoring and Control Systems,” 2002.
[13] Phadke, A. G., "Synchronized phasor measurements-a historical overview," Transmission and Distribution Conference and Exhibition 2002: Asia Pacific. IEEE/PES, vol.1, no., pp.476, 479 vol.1, 6-10 Oct. 2002.
[14] “IEEE Standard for Synchrophasors for Power Systems”, C37.118-2005. Sponsored by the Power System Relaying Committee of the Power Engineering Society, pp 56–57.
[15] IEEE Draft Standard for Synchrophasor Measurements for Power Systems, IEEE C37.118.1, 2011.
[16] Wang Bo; Dai Ze Mei; Lu Jin Jun; Zheng Tao; Shan Xin; Liu Dong, "The visualization design and realization of wide area measurement system," Innovative Smart Grid Technologies - Asia (ISGT Asia), 2012 IEEE , vol., no., pp.1,6, 21-24 May 2012.
[17] Heydt G. T., Lie C. C., Phadke A. G., and Vital V., “Solutions for the crisis in electric power supply,” IEEE Comput. Appl.Power Mag., vol.14, no. 3, pp. 22–30, 2001.
[18] Zhao L., and Abur A., "Multiarea State Estimation Using Synchronized Phasor Measurements", IEEE Trans on Power Systems, Vol. 20, No. 2, pp. 456-462, 2005.
[19] Aminifar, F.; Shahidehpour, M.; Fotuhi-Firuzabad, M.; Kamalinia, S., "Power System Dynamic State Estimation with Synchronized Phasor measurements," Instrumentation and Measurement, IEEE Transactions on, vol.63, no.2, pp.352, 363, Feb. 2014.
[20] Jiang J. A., Lin Y. H., Yang J. Z., Too T. M, and Liu C. W., “An Adaptive PMU Based Fault Detection/Location Technique for Transmission Lines—Part II: PMU Implementation and Performance Evaluation,” IEEE Trans. On Power Delivery, Vol. 15, No. 4, pp 486- 493, 2000.
[21] Tate J. E., and Overbye T. J., “Line Outage Detection Using Phasor Angle Measurements,” IEEE Trans. On Power Systems, Vol. 23, No. 4, pp. 1644-1652, 2008.
[22] Jizhong Zhu; Hwang, D.; Sadjadpour, A., "Real Time Congestion Monitoring and Management of Power Systems," Transmission and Distribution Conference and Exhibition: Asia and Pacific, 2005 IEEE/PES, vol., no., pp.1-5, 2005.
[23] Xiying Chen; Weixing Li; He Chen; Zhizhong Guo; "Research of Outof- Step Protection System Based on Wide Area Measure System," Power System Technology, 2006. Power Con 2006. International Conference on Vol., no., pp.1-5, 22-26 Oct. 2006.
[24] Salehi-Dobakhshari, A.; Ranjbar, A. M., "Application of synchronised phasor measurements to wide-area fault diagnosis and location," Generation, Transmission & Distribution, IET, vol.8, no.4, pp.716, 729, April 2014.
[25] Chao Zhang; Zhiqian Bo; Baohui Zhang; Klimek, A.; Min Han; Jiancheng Tan, "An integrated PMU and protection scheme for power systems," Universities Power Engineering Conference (UPEC), 2009 Proceedings of the 44th International , vol., no., pp.1-4, 1-4 Sept. 2009.
[26] Prabha Kundur: "Power System Stability and Control", McGraw- Hill, Inc, 1994.
[27] V. Balarmourougan, T. S. Sidhu, and M. S. Sachdev, “Technique for online prediction of voltage collapse,” lEEE Proc. C, vol. 151, pp.453– 460, 2004.
[28] Younis, M.R.; Iravani, R., "Wide-area damping control for inter-area oscillations: A comprehensive review," Electrical Power & Energy Conference (EPEC), 2013 IEEE, vol., no., pp.1, 6, 21-23 Aug. 2013.
[29] A.G. Phadke and J.S. Thorp, Synchronized Phasor Measurements and their Applications, Springer, 2008.
[30] Karimi-Ghartemani, M.; Boon-Teck Ooi; Bakhshai, A., "Investigation of dft-based phasor measurement algorithm," Power and Energy Society General Meeting, 2010 IEEE , vol., no., pp.1,6, 25-29 July 2010.