Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 30579
On the Design of Wearable Fractal Antenna
Abstract:This paper is aimed at proposing a rhombus shaped wearable fractal antenna for wireless communication systems. The geometrical descriptors of the antenna have been obtained using bacterial foraging optimization (BFO) for wide band operation. The method of moment based IE3D software has been used to simulate the antenna and observed that miniaturization of 13.08% has been achieved without degrading the resonating properties of the proposed antenna. An analysis with different substrates has also been done in order to evaluate the effectiveness of electrical permittivity on the presented structure. The proposed antenna has low profile, light weight and has successfully demonstrated wideband and multiband characteristics for wearable electronic applications.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1106461Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1784
 S. Sankaralingam and B. Gupta, “Development of textile antennas for body wearable applications and investigations on their performance under bent conditions” Progress in Electromagnetics Research B, vol. 22, pp. 53-71, 2010.
 M. A. R. Osman, M. K. A. Rahim, N. A. Samsuri, H. A. M. Salim and M. F. Ali, “Embroidered fully textile wearable antenna for medical monitoring applications” Progress In Electromagnetics Research, vol. 117, pp. 321-337, 2011.
 A. Dierck, H. Rogier and F. Declercq, “A wearable active antenna for global positioning system and satellite phone” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 61, no. 2, pp. 532-538, 2013.
 C. A. Balanis, Antenna Theory (John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 1997).
 B. B. Mandelbrot, The Fractal Geometry of Nature (New York: Freeman, 1983).
 D. H. Werner and S. Ganguly, An overview of fractal antenna engineering research, IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine, vol. 45, No. 1, pp. 38-57, Feb 2003.
 L. Lizzi and G. Oliveri, “Hybrid design of a fractal-shaped GSM/UMTS antenna”, Journal of. Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, vol. 24, pp.707–719, 2010.
 L. Lizzi and A. Massa, “Dual-band printed fractal monopole antenna for LTE applications”, IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 10, pp. 760-763, 2011.
 S. Rani and A. P. Singh, “On the design and optimization of new fractal antenna using PSO”, International Journal of Electronics, vol. 100, no. 10, pp. 1383-1397, 2012.
 B. Mangaraj, I. Misra and A. Barisal, "Optimizing included angle of symmetrical V-dipoles for higher directivity using bacteria foraging optimization algorithm" Progress in Electromagnetic Research B, vol. 3, pp. 295-314, 2008.
 S. Rani and A. P. Singh, “A novel design of hybrid fractal antenna using BFO”, Journal of Intelligent and Fuzzy Systems, vol. 27, pp. 1233-1241, 2014.
 K. Passino, “Biomimicry of bacterial foraging for distributed optimization and control,” IEEE Control Systems Magazine, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 52–67, June 2002.
 S. Rani and A. P. Singh, “Fractal antenna with defected ground structure for telemedicine applications,” International journal on Communications, Antenna and Propagation, vol.1, pp. 1-15, 2012.