Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 31198
Unconventional Composite Inorganic Membrane Fabrication for Carbon Emissions Mitigation

Authors: Ngozi Nwogu, Godson Osueke, Mamdud Hossain, Edward Gobina

Abstract:

An unconventional composite inorganic ceramic membrane capable of enhancing carbon dioxide emission decline was fabricated and tested at laboratory scale in conformism to various environmental guidelines and also to mitigate the effect of global warming. A review of the existing membrane technologies for carbon capture including the relevant gas transport mechanisms is presented. Single gas permeation experiments using silica modified ceramic membrane with internal diameter 20mm, outside diameter 25mm and length of 368mm deposited on a macro porous support was carried out to investigate individual gas permeation behaviours at different pressures at room temperature. Membrane fabrication was achieved using after a dip coating method. Nitrogen, Carbon dioxide, Argon, Oxygen and Methane pure gases were used to investigate their individual permeation rates at various pressures. Results show that the gas flow rate increases with pressure drop. However above a pressure of 3bar, CO2 permeability ratio to that of the other gases indicated control of a more selective surface adsorptive transport mechanism.

Keywords: Permeability, transport mechanisms, Carbon dioxide composite inorganic membranes

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1105857

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1796

References:


[1] Herzog H, Golomb D. Carbon capture and storage from fossil fuel use. Encyclopedia of energy. 2004; 1:1-11.
[2] Iulianelli A, Basile A, Li H, Van den Brink RW. 7 - Inorganic membranes for pre-combustion carbon dioxide (CO2) capture. In: Basile A, Nunes SP, editors. Advanced Membrane Science and Technology for Sustainable Energy and Environmental Applications: Woodhead Publishing; 2011. p. 184-213.
[3] Zhou Q, Chan C, Tontiwachiwuthikul P. A monitoring and diagnostic expert system for carbon dioxide capture. Expert Systems with Applications. 2009; 36(2):1621-1631.
[4] Choi W, Seo J, Jang S, Jung J, Oh K. Removal characteristics of CO 2 using aqueous MEA/AMP solutions in the absorption and regeneration process. Journal of Environmental Sciences. 2009; 21(7):907-913.
[5] Maneeintr K, Idem RO, Tontiwachwuthikul P, Wee AG. Comparative mass transfer performance studies of CO2 absorption into aqueous solutions of DEAB and MEA. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research. 2010; 49(6):2857-2863.
[6] Adhikari S, Fernando S. Hydrogen membrane separation techniques. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research. 2006; 45(3):875-881.
[7] Liu L, Chakma A, Feng X. Preparation of hollow fiber poly (ether block amide)/polysulfone composite membranes for separation of carbon dioxide from nitrogen. Chemical Engineering Journal. 2004; 105(1):43- 51.
[8] Ji P, Cao Y, Jie X, Li M, Yuan Q. Impacts of coating condition on composite membrane performance for CO2 separation. Separation and Purification Technology. 2010; 71(2):160-167.
[9] Gobina E. Apparatus and Method for Separating Gases, US Patent 7,048,778, Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. 23 May 2006.
[10] Gobina E. Apparatus and method for separating gases." U.S. Patent No. 7,297,184. 20 Nov. 2007.
[11] Middleton D, McCulloch M, Miller P, Normand E, Cassels G, Bullock A, et al. Trial CO2 measurement and capture system incorporating hybrid inorganic membranes for flue-gas cleaning (Part II). Membrane Technology. 2011; 2011(6):7-10.
[12] Nwogu NC, Gobina E, Kajama MN. Improved carbon dioxide capture using nanostructured ceramic membranes. Low Carbon Economy. 2013; 4(03):125.
[13] Nwogu N, Kajama M, Okon E, Shehu H, Gobina E. Testing of Gas Permeance Techniques of a Fabricated CO2 Permeable Ceramic Membrane for Gas Separation Purposes. 2014.