Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30309
Assessment of Solar Hydrogen Production in an Energetic Hybrid PV-PEMFC System

Authors: H. Rezzouk, M. Hatti, H. Rahmani, S. Atoui

Abstract:

This paper discusses the design and analysis of a hybrid PV-Fuel cell energy system destined to power a DC load. The system is composed of a photovoltaic array, a fuel cell, an electrolyzer and a hydrogen tank. HOMER software is used in this study to calculate the optimum capacities of the power system components that their combination allows an efficient use of solar resource to cover the hourly load needs. The optimal system sizing allows establishing the right balance between the daily electrical energy produced by the power system and the daily electrical energy consumed by the DC load using a 28 KW PV array, a 7.5 KW fuel cell, a 40KW electrolyzer and a 270 Kg hydrogen tank. The variation of powers involved into the DC bus of the hybrid PV-fuel cell system has been computed and analyzed for each hour over one year: the output powers of the PV array and the fuel cell, the input power of the elctrolyzer system and the DC primary load. Equally, the annual variation of stored hydrogen produced by the electrolyzer has been assessed. The PV array contributes in the power system with 82% whereas the fuel cell produces 18%. 38% of the total energy consumption belongs to the DC primary load while the rest goes to the electrolyzer.

Keywords: Hydrogen, Photovoltaic, electrolyzer, hydrogen fueled cell

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1100204

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1152

References:


[1] D. Santoso, F. D. Setiaji. D. Susilo, “Demonstration of Renewable Electrical Energy Generation based on Solar-Hydrogen Fuel Cell Technology, » International Conference on Instrumentation, Communication, Information Technology and Biomedical Engineering, November 2011.
[2] N. Höhne, S. Wartmannb, A. Heroldc, A. Freibaue, “The rules for land use, land use change and forestry under the Kyoto Protocol—lessons learned for the future climate negotiations,” Environmental science & policy 2007; 10:353–69.
[3] Y. Hu, C.R.Monroy, “Chinese energy and climate policies after Durban: Save the Kyoto Protocol,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 2012; 16: 3243– 50.
[4] H-T. Pao, Y-Y. Li, H-C. Fu, “Clean energy, non-clean energy, and economic growth in the MIST countries,” Energy Policy 2014; 67: 932– 42.
[5] L’énergie solaire: PV & concentré. energie.cnrs.fr/IMG/pdf/SOLAIRE_ PV-C.pdf . 2014.
[6] T.N. Verizoglu and S. Sahin, “21st Century’s energy: Hydrogen energy system,” International Journal of Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 29, pp. 1820-1831, Feb. 2008.
[7] G. Graditi, S. Favuzza, E. Riva Sanseverino, “Technical, environmental and economic aspects of hybrid systems including renewables and fuel cells,” IEEE, International Symposium on Power Electronics, Electrical Drives, Automation and Motion,2006.
[8] R. Chvalek, P. Moldrik, “Hydrogen Storage Methods in the Fuel Cells Laboratory,” IEEE, 2011.
[9] M. Hatti, A. Meharrar, M. Tioursi "Power management strategy in the alternative energy photovoltaic / PEM Fuel Cell hybrid system", Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Volume 15, Issue 9, Pages 5104-5110.
[10] M. Hatti, Neural Network Controller for Fuel Cells Systems. IEEE ISIE’07 IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Elecronics ISIE’07, 4 to 7 Jun, 2007. Vigo University Spain.
[11] M. Hatti, Neural Network approach for semi-empirical modeling of PEM Fuel Cell. IEEE ISIE’06 IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Elecronics ISIE’06, 9 – 13 july, 06. ETS Downtown Montréal, Québec, Canada.