Effect of Trataka on Anxiety among Adolescents
Anxiety is a common psychological problem and also implicated as a contributor to many chronic diseases which decreased quality of life even with pharmacological treatment. At the present time several yogic practices- meditation, pranayama, and mantra, etcetera are playing important role in treating physiological and psychological problems. Hence, the present investigation is aimed to see the effect of Trataka on the level of anxiety among adolescents. For the present study, a sample of 30 adolescents belonging to the age range 20-30 years was selected from Devsanskriti Vishwa Vidyalaya Haridwar through random sampling. In this investigation, Sinha’s Comprehensive anxiety test has been used to measure the level of anxiety. Statistical analysis has been done by using t-test. Findings of this study reveal that Trataka significantly decreases the level of anxiety among adolescents.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1099920Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 4634
 Carson, Butcher and Mineka (2000). Abnormal Psychology & Modern Life, (11thed.). Pearson Education Publishing.
 Creswell, C., Waite, P., & Cooper, P. J. (2014). Assessment and management of anxiety disorders in children. Arch Dis Child, 99(7), p. 674–678. Retrieved from http://adc.bmj.com/content /early/2014/03/ 17/archdischild-2013-303768.full
 Crosta, P. (28 Jan 2013). What is anxiety? A Guide to Anxiety. Medical News Today. Retrieved from http://www.medicalnews today.com/info/anxiety/
 Essau, C.A. & Gabbidon, J. (2013). Epidemiology, Comorbidity and Mental health service utilization. In: Essau CA, Ollendick (TH, ed.). The Wiley-Blackwell handbook of the treatment of childhood and adolescent anxiety. (1sted.). p. 23-42. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell.
 Ezpeleta, L., Keeler, G., Erkanli, A. et. al. (2001). Epidemiology of psychiatric disability in childhood and adolescence. J Child Psychol Psychiatry, 42, p. 901-14.
 Gawali, S. R. & Dhule, S. S. (2013). Effect of Yoga on anxiety levels in working women. International Journal of Science and Research, 2 (12), p. 2319-7064.
 Gore, M.M., Bhogal, R.S. & Rajapurkar, M.V. (2008). Effect of Trataka on various psycho-physiological functions. Yoga Mimamsa, 40 (1-2), p. 53-66.
 Jadhav, S.G. & Havalappanavar, N.B. (2009). Effect of yoga Intervention on anxiety and subjective well-being. Journal of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology, Vol. 35, No.1, p. 27-31.
 Jain, A.K. (2009). Physiology of Yoga. Textbook of Physiology (4thed.). Vol-1, p. 498-511. Avichal Publishing Company.
 Javnbakht, M., Hejazi Kenari R., & Ghasemi M. (2009). Effects of yoga on depression ad anxiety of women. Complement Ther Clin Pract., 15, p. 102-104.
 Keesler, M. & Albee G.W. (2006). Primary prevention. Annu. Rev. Psychology.
 Khalsa, S.B. et. al. (2009). Yoga ameliorates performance anxiety and mood disturbance in young professional musicians. Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback, 6.
 Kozasa, E.H., et. al. (2008). Evaluation of Siddha samadhi yoga for anxiety and depression symptoms: a preliminary study. Psychol Rep., 103, p. 271-274.
 Michalsen, A., et. al. (2005). Rapid stress reduction and anxiolytic among distressed women as the consequences of a three-month intensive yoga program. Med Sci Monit., 11, p. 555-561.
 Mullur, et. al. (2012). Influence of yoga practice on level of apparently healthy female subjects of Bijapur. International Journal of Biomedical and Advance Research, 03(08), p. 618-621.
 Paramhans, S. M., “Hatha Yoga Kriyas- Tratak” Yoga in daily life - The System. Retrieved from http://yogaindailylife.org.au /blog/2013/06/18/hatha-yoga-kriyas-tratak
 Ray, U.S., et. al. (2001). Effect of exercises on physical and mental health of young fellowship trainees. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol, 45, p. 37-53.
 Ross, T.A. (1923). The common neurosis: their treatment by psychotherapy. London, Longmans, 27.
 Sandlund, E.S. & Norlander, T. (2000). The effects of Thai Chi Chuan relaxation and exercise on stress responses and wellbeing: An overview of research. Journal of Stress Management, 7, p. 139–49.
 Santaika, I.(2014, Feb18). What yoga can do for you? Healing Art Community. Retrieved from http://www.healing-artcommunity. com/what-yoga-can-do-for-you/
 Saraswati, S.S. (1991). Yoga Magazine: Trataka-Concentrated gazing. Yoga Publications Trust Munger, Bihar, India. Retrieved from http://www.yogamag.net/archives/1991cmay 91 /tratak.
 Shetty, G., Manjula, M.Y. & Gangadhara, V. (2012, Feb). Effect of Trataka on attention & concentration. Paper presented at the International Conference on Yoga and Naturopathy Expo-2012, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India. Retrieved from http://www.researc hgate.net
 Singleton, N. et. al. (2000). Psychiatric morbidity among adults living in private households.Office for National Statistics, London: The Stationery Office.
 Sinha, A.K. & Sinha, L.N.K. (1995). Manual for Comprehensive Anxiety Test (SCAT). National Psychological Corporation, Agra.
 Susic, P. (2013, Sept 11). Stress and anxiety response: How do youcope? St. Louis Psychologist and Counseling Information andReferral Network. Retrieved From http://www.psycptreatm ent.com/index.htm
 Trigant (1953). Effect of Trataka on various psycho-physiological functions. In Gore, M.M. Bhogal R.S. & Rajapurkar, M.V. (Eds.).Yoga Mimansa, 40 (1), p. 53-66.
 Woodward, L.J., & Fergusson, D.M. (2001). Life course outcomes of young people with anxiety disorders in adolescence. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry, 40, p. 1086–93.
 Woolery, A., et. al. (2004). A yoga intervention for young adults with elevated symptoms of depression. Altern Ther Health Med, 10, p. 60-63.