Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 31168
An Analysis on the Appropriateness and Effectiveness of CCTV Location for Crime Prevention

Authors: Tae-Heon Moon, Sun-Young Heo, Sang-Ho Lee, Youn-Taik Leem, Kwang-Woo Nam


This study aims to investigate the possibility of crime prevention through CCTV by analyzing the appropriateness of the CCTV location, whether it is installed in the hotspot of crime-prone areas, and exploring the crime prevention effect and transition effect. The real crime and CCTV locations of case city were converted into the spatial data by using GIS. The data was analyzed by hotspot analysis and weighted displacement quotient (WDQ). As study methods, it analyzed existing relevant studies for identifying the trends of CCTV and crime studies based on big data from 1800 to 2014 and understanding the relation between CCTV and crime. Second, it investigated the current situation of nationwide CCTVs and analyzed the guidelines of CCTV installation and operation to draw attention to the problems and indicating points of CCTV use. Third, it investigated the crime occurrence in case areas and the current situation of CCTV installation in the spatial aspects, and analyzed the appropriateness and effectiveness of CCTV installation to suggest a rational installation of CCTV and the strategic direction of crime prevention. The results demonstrate that there was no significant effect in the installation of CCTV on crime prevention in the case area. This indicates that CCTV should be installed and managed in a more scientific way reflecting local crime situations. In terms of CCTV, the methods of spatial analysis such as GIS, which can evaluate the installation effect, and the methods of economic analysis like cost-benefit analysis should be developed. In addition, these methods should be distributed to local governments across the nation for the appropriate installation of CCTV and operation. This study intended to find a design guideline of the optimum CCTV installation. In this regard, this study is meaningful in that it will contribute to the creation of a safe city.

Keywords: Crime Prevention, CCTV, safe city, Spatial Analysis

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2241


[1] Park Cheol Hyeon, Choi Suh Yeon, “Crime Prevention Effects of Publicity of CCTV Installation at Kang-Nam Gu, Seoul - The Effects of First News”, Criminal policy Studies, vol. 79, pp. 217-242, 2009.
[2] Armitage, R., Smyth, G., Pease, K., “Burnley CCTV evaluation. In K. Painter and N. Tilley (eds.), Surveillance of Public Space: CCTV, Street Lighting and Crime Prevention. Crime Prevention Studies”, Monsey, NY: Criminal Justice Press, 10, 1999, pp 225–250.
[3] Brown, B., CCTV in Town Centres: three Case Studies, Crime Detection and Prevention series 68, London: Home Office, 1995.
[4] Sarno, C., Impact of CCTV on crime. In M. Bulos (ed.) Towards a Safer Sutton? Impact of Closed Circuit Television on Sutton Town Centre., London: London Borough of Sutton, 1995, pp4-32.
[5] Short, E., Ditton, J., Does closed circuit television prevent crime? An evaluation of the use of CCTV surveillance cameras in Airdrie town centre, Crime and Criminal Justice Research Findings. Edinburgh: Central Research Unit, Scottish Office, 1995.
[6] Skinns, D., “Crime reduction, diffusion and displacement: Evaluating the effectiveness of CCTV”, In C. Norris, J. Moran, and Armstrong (eds.), Surveillance, Closed Circuit Television and Social Control. Aldershot: Ashgate, pp. 175–188, 1998.
[7] Farrington, D. P., Bennett, T. H., and Welsh, B. C., Rigorous Evaluations of the Effects of CCTV on Crime, Unpublished manuscript. Cambridge: Institute of Criminology, University of Cambridge, 2002.
[8] Gak Bong Geum, “The research on the effect of CCTV for the prevention of crimes about restraining crimes occurrence”, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies graduate school of policy science master's thesis, 2005.
[9] Im Chae Yong, “study on the problems involving operation of the anti-crime CCTV and their solutions”, Yonsei University, graduate school of public administration master's thesis, 2006.
[10] Park Dong Gyun, Park Seong Soo, “The Utilization of Closed Circuit Television for the Crime Prevention - the case of Y university”, Korean local government Studies, vol. 7, no. 2, pp.1-23, 2005.
[11] Each Local Government, 2014.
[12] Each Local Government and The Statistics of Korea, 2014.
[13] United Kingdom Liverpool City council, Public Safety Closed Circuit Television (CCTV) Code of Practice, 2013.
[14] Australia Sydney NSW, NSW Government Policy Statement and Guidelines for the Establishment and Implementation of Closed Circuit Television (CCTV) in Public Places, 2000.
[15] Clarke, R. V., Situational Crime Prevention: Successful Case Studies, New York: Harrow and Heston, 1992.
[16] Choi Eung ryul, Kim Yeon soo, “The Effectiveness of the Closed Circuit TVs (CCTVs) on the Crime Prevention”, Korean Association of Public Safety and Criminal Justice Newsletter, vol.26, pp. 143-186, 2007.
[17] Park Hyeon Ho, “Effective of use of open street CCTV”, Korean Police Studies, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 145-181, 2005.
[18] Bowers, Kate J. & Johnson, Shane D., “Measuring the Graphical Displacement and Diffusion of Benefit Effects of Crime Prevention Activity”, Journal of Quantitative Criminology, vol.19, no.3, pp. 275-301, 2003.