Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30827
Annoyance Caused by Air Pollution: A Comparative Study of Two Industrialized Regions

Authors: Milena M. Melo, Jane M. Santos, Severine Frere, Valderio A. Reisen, Neyval C. Reis Jr., Maria de Fátima S. Leite


Although there had been a many studies that shows the impact of air pollution on physical health, comparatively less was known of human behavioral responses and annoyance impacts. Annoyance caused by air pollution is a public health problem because it can be an ambient stressor causing stress and disease and can affect quality of life. The objective of this work is to evaluate the annoyance caused by air pollution in two different industrialized urban areas, Dunkirk (France) and Vitoria (Brazil). The populations of these cities often report feeling annoyed by dust. Surveys were conducted, and the collected data were analyzed using statistical analyses. The results show that sociodemographic variables, importance of air quality, perceived industrial risk, perceived air pollution and occurrence of health problems play important roles in the perceived annoyance. These results show the existence of a common problem in geographically distant areas and allow stakeholders to develop prevention strategies.

Keywords: Air Pollution, Public Health, annoyance, industrial risks, settled dust, perception of pollution

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1828


[1] L. Oglesby, N. Kunzli, C. Monn, C. Schindler, U. Ackermann-Liebrich, P. Leuenberger, Validity of annoyance scores for estimation of long term air pollution exposure in epidemiologic studies: The swiss study on air pollution and lung diseases in adults (SAPALDIA). Am. J. Epidemiol. 2000, 152, 75–83.
[2] T. Rotko, L. Oglesby, N. Kunzli, P. Carrer, M.J. Nieuwenhuijsen, M. Jantunen, Determinants of perceived air pollution annoyance and association between annoyance scores and air pollution (PM2.5. NO2) concentrations in the European EXPOLIS study. Atmospheric Environment 36 (2002). 4593–4602.
[3] N.P.Hyslop, Impaired visibility: the air pollution people see. Atmospheric Environment. Vol. 43. p.182-195. 2009.
[4] A.H. Amundsen, R. Klaeboe, R. Fyhri, Annoyance from vehicular air pollution: Exposure–response relationships for Norway. Atmospheric Environment. Vol. 42p. 679-7688. 2008.
[5] M. Nikopoulou, J. Kleissl, P.F. Linden, S. Lykoudis, Pedestrians' perception of environmental stimuli through field surveys: Focus on particulate pollution. Science of the Total Environment (2011).
[6] R. Klaeboe , A.H. Amundsen, R. Fyhri, Annoyance from vehicular air pollution: A comparison of European exposure–response relationships. Atmospheric Environment Vol. 42. 7689-7694. 2008.
[7] T. Stenlund, E. Lidén, K. Andresson, J. Garvill, S. Nordin, Annoyance and health symptoms and their influencing factors: A population-based air pollution intervention study. Public Health 123. 339-345. 2009.
[8] M. Sofer, O. Potchter, N. Gnaim, J.M. Gnaim, Environmental nuisances from industrial activities in reseidentialares of Arab municipalities in Israel. Applied Geography 35 (2012 353-362.
[9] M. Kim, O. Yi, H. Kim, The role differences in individual and community attributes in perceived air quality. Science of the Total Environment. 424:20-26. 2012.
[10] Le Monde.FR; Florange : la vie après l'arrêt des hauts-fourneaux. Disponível em: Acesso em 15 de abril de 2013.
[11] IBGE (Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística) – Senso 2010– disponível em acesso em 10 de julho de 2011.
[12] Instituto Estadual de Meio Ambiente – IEMA. Relatório da Qualidade do ar na Grande Vitória 2006. Retrieved on 11 December 2013 from:
[13] IJSN- Instituto Jones dos santos Neves. Perfil Regional - Região Metropolitana da Grande Vitória. (2009). Retrieved on 08 April 2013 from:
[14] I. Calvo-Mendieta, H. Flaquart, S. Frere, F. Gonthier, A.P. Hellequin, A. Le Blanc, (2008). Perception du risqueindustriel par les populations du Dunkerquois. Rapport intermédiaire. contrat de recherche pour la « Fondation pour une Culture de la SécuritéIndustrielle » (FonCSI).
[15] L. B. Souza, Estudo de correlação entre a percepção do incômodo causado pelas partículas sedimentadas e os níveis de concentração na atmosfera em uma região impactada. Dissertação de Mestrado - Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo. Vitória. 2011.
[16] WHO - World Health Organization. WHO Air Quality Guidelines for Particulate Matter, Ozone, Nitrogen Dioxide and Sulphur Dioxide. Global update 2005.
[17] A. Lehman, (2005) "JMP for Basic Univariate and Multivariate Statistics: A Step-by-step Guide"Local: Campus Drive, Cary, North Carolina, Editora SAS Institute.
[18] B. Abraham and J. Ledolter, Introduction to Regression Modeling. Thomson Brooks/Cole, 2006
[19] M. Theophanides, J. Anastassopoulou, C. T. Vasilakos, T.Maggos, T. Theophanides. Mortality and pollution in several greek cities. J Environ Sci Health Part A 2007;42:741–6.
[20] M. Kampa and E. Castanas, Human health effects of air pollution. Environ Pollut 2008;151:362–7.
[21] PPA (2002) Plan de Protection de L’Atmosphère de L’aglomération Dunkerquoise. Retrieved on 28 April 2013 from: http://www.nord-pasde-
[22] Instituto Estadual de Meio Ambiente – IEMA. Inventário de Emissões Atmosféricas da Região da Grande Vitória. Acordo de Cooperação Técnica IEMA-ECOSOFT. Vitória. 2011a.
[23] Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia – INMTE. Retrieved on 22 March from: Climaticos
[24] T.T.A. Albuquerque, M.F. Andrade, Y.R. Ynoue, Caracterization of atmospheric aerosols in the city of São Paulo. Brazil: comparisons between polluted and unpolluted periods. Environ Monit Assess. 2011.
[25] S. Domínguez-Almendros S., N. Benítez-Parejo, A.R. Gonzalez- Ramirez, LogisticRegressionModels. Allergologiaetimmunopathologia (Madr). 39(5) (2011); 295-305.
[26] L.A. Baxter, S.J. Finch, F.W. Lipfert and Q. Yu,”Comparing estimates of effects of air pollution on human mortality obtained using different regression mathodologies”. Risk Aanlysis. Vol 17, Nº 3, 1997.