Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30320
The Effect of Global Solar Variations on the Performance of n-AlGaAs/p-GaAs Solar Cells

Authors: A. Guechi, M. Chegaar


This study investigates how AlGaAs/GaAs thin film solar cells perform under varying global solar spectrum due to the changes of environmental parameters such as the air mass and the atmospheric turbidity. The solar irradiance striking the solar cell is simulated using the spectral irradiance model SMARTS2 (Simple Model of the Atmospheric Radiative Transfer of Sunshine) for clear skies on the site of Setif (Algeria). The results show a reduction in the short circuit current due to increasing atmospheric turbidity, it is 63.09% under global radiation. However increasing air mass leads to a reduction in the short circuit current of 81.73%. The efficiency decreases with increasing atmospheric turbidity and air mass.

Keywords: Solar Cells, AlGaAs/GaAs, environmental parameters, spectral variation, SMARTS

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1695


[1] C. Becker et al., “Polycrystalline silicon thin-film solar cells: Status and perspectives”, Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, vol. 119, 2013, pp. 112–123.
[2] N. S. Zin, A. Blakers, E. Franklin, V. Everett, “ Design, characterization and fabrication of silicon solar cells for >>50% efficient 6-junction tandem solar cells”, Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, PVSC '08, 2008, 33rd IEEE, pp. 1–4.
[3] T. Sojoudi et al., “Comparing AlGaAs-GaAs Heterojunction Materials with CdS-InP Anisotype for Solar Cells Efficiency in Concentrator Systems”, Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology, vol. 6, 2013, pp. 1923-1927.
[4] S. Thainoi et al, “n-GaAlAs on p-GaAs heterostructure solar cells grown by molecular beam epitaxy “, Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells, vol. 90, 2008, pp. 2989–2994.
[5] I. Garcia, I Rey-Stolle and C. Algora, “Performance analysis of AlGaAs/GaAs tunnel junctions for ultra-high concentration photovoltaics”, J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys, vol. 45, 2012, pp.101-109.
[6] K. Geoffrey , C. Bradshaw et all., “Carrier Transport and Improved Collection in Thin-Barrier InGaAs/GaAsP Strained Quantum Well Solar Cells”, IEEE Journal of Photovoltaic’s, vol. 3, 2013,pp. 278 - 283
[7] R. R. King, A. Boca,W. Hong, X.-Q. Liu, D. Bhusari, D. Larrabee, K. M. Edmondson, D. C. Law, C. M. Fetzer, S. Mesropian, and N. H. Karam, “Band-gap engineered architectures for high-efficiency multijunction concentrator solar cells”, 24th Eur. Photovoltaic Sol. Energy Conf. Exhib., Hamburg, Germany, 2009.
[8] X. Lu et al. “Improving GaP Solar Cell Performance by Passivating the Surface Using AlxGa1–xP Epi-Layer”, IEEE Journal of the Electron Devices Society, vol.1, 2013,pp. 111-116
[9] M. Sojoudi, R. Madatov, T. Sojoudi , “optimization of efficiency of solar cells by accelerated electron ray to have an optimal and constant energy”, International Journal on Technical and Physical Problems of Engineering (IJTPE), vol.3, 2011,pp.68-71.
[10] C .Gueymard, “Temporal variability in direct and global irradiance at various time scales as affected by aerosols“, Solar Energy, vol. 86, 2012, pp. 3544–3553.
[11] V. Badescu C. Gueymard, “Computing global and diffuse solar hourly irradiation on clear sky. Review and testing of 54 models“, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 16, 2012, pp. 1636–1656.
[12] C. Gueymard, “REST2: High-performance solar radiation model for cloudless-sky irradiance, illuminance, and photosynthetically active radiation –Validation with a benchmark dataset “. Solar Energy, vol. 82, 2008, pp. 272–285.
[13] C. Gueymard, R. George, “Gridded aerosol optical depth climatological datasets over continents for solar radiation modeling“. Proceedings of the Solar World Congress. International Solar Energy Society, Orlando, FL, 2005.
[14] C.Gueymard, “SMARTS2, Simple Model of the atmospheric Radiative Transfer of Sunshine: Algorithms and performance assessment“. Report. FSEC-PF-270-95, Florida-Solar Energy Center, Cocoa, FL, 1995
[15] C. Gueymard, “Visibility, aerosol conditions, and irradiance attenuation close to the ground Comments on Solar radiation attenuation in solar power plants by J. Ballestrin and A. Marzo“, Solar Energy, vol. 86, 2012, pp. 1667-1668.
[16] C .Gueymard, D. R. Myers “Evaluation of conventional and highperformance routine solar radiation measurements for improved solar resource, climatological trends, and radiative modeling“, Solar Energy , 2009, vol. 83, pp. 171–185.
[17] M. Kocifaj, C. Gueymard, “Theoretical evaluation of errors in aerosol optical depth retrievals from ground-based direct-sun measurements due to circumsolar and related effects”, Atmospheric Environment, vol. 45, 2011, pp. 1050–1058.
[18] M. A Green, “Solar Cells, Operating Principals, Technology, and System Applications“, Prentice-Hall Inc., Englewood Cliffs, 1982.
[19] M. Chegaar, G. Azzouzi, and P. Mialhe, “Simple parameter extraction method for illuminated solar cells“. Solid-State Electronics, vol. 50, 2006, pp. 1234 -1237.