Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30309
Design and Development of an Efficient and Cost-Effective Microcontroller-Based Irrigation Control System to Enhance Food Security

Authors: Koudjo M. Koumadi, Robert A. Sowah, Stephen K. Armoo, Rockson Agyeman, Seth Y. Fiawoo

Abstract:

The development of the agricultural sector in Ghana has been reliant on the use of irrigation systems to ensure food security. However, the manual operation of these systems has not facilitated their maximum efficiency due to human limitations. This paper seeks to address this problem by designing and implementing an efficient, cost effective automated system which monitors and controls the water flow of irrigation through communication with an authorized operator via text messages. The automatic control component of the system is timer based with an Atmega32 microcontroller and a real time clock from the SM5100B cellular module. For monitoring purposes, the system sends periodic notification of the system on the performance of duty via SMS to the authorized person(s). Moreover, the GSM based Irrigation Monitoring and Control System saves time and labour and reduces cost of operating irrigation systems by saving electricity usage and conserving water. Field tests conducted have proven its operational efficiency and ease of assessment of farm irrigation equipment due to its costeffectiveness and data logging capabilities.

Keywords: Agriculture, Control System, microcontroller, irrigation System, data logging, food security

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1097112

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 4812

References:


[1] Think Exist, (February 05, 2012), http://thinkexist.com/dictionary/meaning/irrigation/
[2] Agodzo, S. K. and Bobobee, E. Y. H. (1994). Policy issues of irrigation in Ghana: 1960-1990. Proceedings of the XIIth World Congress on Agricultural Engineering, Milano, 28 August-1 September 1994. CIGR Vol. 1 pp 335-343.
[3] Clothier, B. E. (1989). Research imperatives for irrigation science. Journal of Irrigation and Drainage 115(3): 421-448.
[4] FAO. (2005). Aquastat: Country data on Ghana. FAO, Rome. Cited from www.fao.org/ag/agl/aglw/aquastat/countries/ghana/index.stm (date accessed: 20/11/2011).
[5] FAO. (1987). Consultation on irrigation in Africa. Irrigation and Drainage paper 42. FAO, Rome.
[6] FAO. (1985). Survey of irrigation development costs in Nigeria, Ghana, Liberia, Sierra Leone and the Gambia. FAO, Rome.
[7] Ferguson, C. A. (1989). Modelling water utilization in large-scale irrigation systems. A qualitative response approach. Water Resources Bulletin (AWRA). 25(6): 1199-1204.
[8] Kyei-Baffour, N. (1994). Future irrigation prospects and actions in Ghana. In proceedings of the 1st National Conference on Agricultural Engineering at the Department of Agricultural Engineering, KNUST, Kumasi from 25-29 September 1994. (eds Dzisi, K. A., Twum, A. and Lamptey, D. L.) pp 65-75.
[9] Memuna, M. M. and Cofie, O, O. (2005).Effects of farming practices on the performance of rice (Oryza sativa) in selected farms of Ashaiman Irrigation Project. In Hunger without Frontiers. (Eds. Bobobee, E. H. Y. and Bart-Plange, A.). GSAE/WASAE, Kumasi, Ghana p.244-254.
[10] Types of Irrigation, (February 07, 2012), http://types-ofirrigation. blogspot.com/
[11] SMS Based Wireless Home Appliance Control System (HACS), (October 29, 2011), www.iisit.org/Vol6/IISITv6p887-894Khiyal592.pdf.
[12] Zazueta, F. S.; Smajstrla, A. G., and Harrison, D. S. (1983): “Microcomputer control of irrigation systems. 1: Hardware and software considerations”, Proc. Soil & Crop Science Society, Florida Volume 43, 1983: pp. 1
[13] Miranda, F.R.; Yoder, R.E.; Wilkerson, J.B. and L.O. Odhiambo (2005): “An autonomous controller for site-specific management of fixed irrigation systems”, Computers and Electronics in Agriculture Volume 48, pp. 183–197.
[14] Kim, Y. and Evans, R.G. (2009): “Software design for wireless sensorbased site-specific irrigation”, Computers and Electronics in Agriculture Vol. 66, pp.159–165.
[15] Umair, S. Muhammad and Usman, R. (2010): “Automation of Irrigation System Using ANN-based Controller”, International Journal of Electrical & Computer Sciences IJECS-IJENS, Volume 10, No: 02, pp. 45-51, Available online: www.ijens.org/104602-5757%20IJECSIJENS. pdf (date accessed: 28/06/2013)
[16] Wen, Nannan; Li, Daoliang; Ma, Daokun; and Ding, Qisheng (2011) “A Wireless Intelligent Valve Controller for Agriculture Integrated Irrigation System ”, Computer and Computing Technologies in Agriculture IV IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology Volume 347, pp. 659-671
[17] Ingale, H. T. and Kasat, N. N. (2012): “Automated Irrigation System”, International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 4, Issue 11 (November 2012), pp. 51-54, e-ISSN: 2278-067X, p-ISSN : 2278-800X, www.ijerd.com
[18] Singh, Sukhjit and Sharma, Neha, (2012): “Research Paper on Drip Irrigation Management using wireless sensors”, International Journal of Computer Networks and Wireless Communications (IJCNWC), ISSN: 2250-3501, Vol.2, No: 4
[19] Hedley, Carolyn; Ekanayake, Jagath; and Roudier, Pierre (2012): “Wireless Soil Moisture Sensor Networks For Precision Irrigation Scheduling”, Available online: www.massey.ac.nz/~flrc/workshops/12/Manuscripts/Hedley_2012.pdf (date accessed: 28/06/2013)
[20] Clark, Gary; Rogers, Danny; Alam, Mahbub; Fjell, Dale and Briggeman, Steven (2013): “A Mobile Irrigation Lab For Water Conservation: I. Physical and Electronic Tools”, Available online at www.ksre.k-state.edu/mil/Resources/Conference%20Papers/16.pdf (date accessed: 28/06/2013)
[21] Guerbaoui, M.; El Afou, Y.; Ed-Dahhak, A.; Lachhab, A. and Bouchikhi, B. (2013): “PC-Based Automated Drip Irrigation System”, International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology (IJEST) ISSN: 0975-5462 Vol. 5, No.01, pp. 221-225.
[22] Divya, V. and Umamakeswari, A. (2013): “Smart Irrigation Technique Using Vocal Commands”, International Journal of Engineering and Technology (IJET), ISSN: 0975-4024, Vol. 5, No. 1, pp. 385-390.
[23] GSM Based-Automatic Irrigation System, (October 29, 2011), http://www.scribd.com/doc/63175740/Gsm-Based-Automatic-Irrigation- System(date accessed: 29/10/2011).
[24] Automatic Irrigation Management System, (October 29, 2011), wwu.edu/changj7/project/docs/proj-%20description.pdf