Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30011
Conditions of the Anaerobic Digestion of Biomass

Authors: N. Boontian

Abstract:

Biological conversion of biomass to methane has received increasing attention in recent years. Grasses have been explored for their potential anaerobic digestion to methane. In this review, extensive literature data have been tabulated and classified. The influences of several parameters on the potential of these feedstocks to produce methane are presented. Lignocellulosic biomass represents a mostly unused source for biogas and ethanol production. Many factors, including lignin content, crystallinity of cellulose, and particle size, limit the digestibility of the hemicellulose and cellulose present in the lignocellulosic biomass. Pretreatments have used to improve the digestibility of the lignocellulosic biomass. Each pretreatment has its own effects on cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin, the three main components of lignocellulosic biomass. Solidstate anaerobic digestion (SS-AD) generally occurs at solid concentrations higher than 15%. In contrast, liquid anaerobic digestion (AD) handles feedstocks with solid concentrations between 0.5% and 15%. Animal manure, sewage sludge, and food waste are generally treated by liquid AD, while organic fractions of municipal solid waste (OFMSW) and lignocellulosic biomass such as crop residues and energy crops can be processed through SS-AD. An increase in operating temperature can improve both the biogas yield and the production efficiency, other practices such as using AD digestate or leachate as an inoculant or decreasing the solid content may increase biogas yield but have negative impact on production efficiency. Focus is placed on substrate pretreatment in anaerobic digestion (AD) as a means of increasing biogas yields using today’s diversified substrate sources.

Keywords: Anaerobic digestion, Lignocellulosic biomass, Methane production, Optimization, Pretreatment.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1096285

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF

References:


[1] Sotirios K, Boukis I, Kontopoulos G. Development of an investment decision tool for biogas production from agricultural waste. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 2010;14:1273–82.
[2] Laureano-Perez, L., Teymouri, F., Alizadeh, H., Dale, B.E., 2005. Understanding factors that limit enzymatic hydrolysis of biomass. Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol., 1081–1099.
[3] Saha, B.C., 2003. Hemicellulose bioconversion. J. Ind. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 30, 279–291.
[4] Grabber, J.H., 2005. How do lignin composition, structure, and crosslinking affect degradability? A review of cell wall model studies. Crop Sci. 45, 820–831.
[5] Gerardi MH. The microbiology of anaerobic digesters, waste water microbiology series Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2003.
[6] Yadvika, Santosh S, Sreekrishnan TR, Kohli S, Rana V. Enhancement of biogas production from solid substrates using different techniques – a review. Journal of Bioresource Technology 2004;95:1–10.
[7] Pain BF, Philips VR, West R. Mesophilic anaerobic digestion of dairy cow dung slurry on a farm scale energy consideration. Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research 1988;33:123–9.
[8] Zeeman Z, Koster-Treffers ME, Halm HD. Anaerobic digestion of dairy cow slurry. In: European symposium on anaerobic waste water treatment. TNO Corporate Communication Department; 1983. p. 492– 510.
[9] Ong HK, Greenfield PF, Pullammanappallil PC. An operational strategy for improved biomethanation of cattle–manure slurry in an unmixed, singlestage, digester. BioresourTechnol 2000;73:87–9.
[10] Rao P, VandBaral SS. Attribute based specification, comparison and selection of feed stock for anaerobic digestion using MADM approach. J Hazard Mater 2011;186:2009–16.
[11] Keri BC, Thomas D, Kyoung SR, Hunt PG. Livestock waste-tobioenergy generation opportunities. Journal of Bioresource Technology 2008;99: 7941–53.
[12] Hobson PN, Bousfield S. Summers, methane production from agricultural and domestic waste. England: Applied Science Publishers; 1981.
[13] Gomez X, Cuetos MJ, Cara J, Moran A, Garcia AI. Anaerobic codigestion of primary sludge and the fruit and vegetable fraction of the municipal solid wastes – conditions for mixing and evaluation of the organic loading rate. Renew Energy 2006;31(12):2017–24.
[14] Siegert I, Banks C. The effect of volatile fatty acid additions on the anaerobic digestion of cellulose and glucose in batch reactors. Process Biochem 2005;40:3412–8.
[15] Pandey PK, Bhattacharya D. Biogas engineering, regional biogas development and training centre. India: Chemical Engineering Department. Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur; 2005.
[16] Vinnerๅs B, Sch๖nning C, Nordin A. Identification of the microbiological community in biogas systems and evaluation of microbial risks from gas usage. Sci Total Environ 2006;367:606–15.
[17] Chowdhury RBS, Fulford DJ. Batch and semicontinuous anaerobic digestion systems. Renew Energy 1992;2(4–5):391.
[18] De baere LD, Mattheeuws B. State of art-anaerobic digestion of solid waste. Waste Manage World 2008;9(5):1–8.
[19] Stroot PG, McMohan KD, Mackie RI, Raskin L. Anaerobic codigestion of municipal solid waste and biosolids under various mixing condition in digester performance. Water Res 2001;35:1804–16.
[20] Garrote, G., Dominguez, H., Parajo, J.C., 1999. Hydrothermal processing of lignocellulosic materials. HolzRohWerkst. 57, 191–202.
[21] Ramos, L.P., 2003. The chemistry involved in the steam treatment of lignocellulosic materials. Quim. Nova. 26 (6), 863–871.
[22] Liu, C., Wyman, C.E., 2003. The effect of flow rate of compressed hot water on xylan, lignin and total mass removal from corn stover. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 42, 5409–5416.
[23] Hon, D.N.S., Shiraishi, N., 2001. Wood and Cellulosic Chemistry, second ed. Dekker, New York. explosion (AFEX). Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol., 1133–1141.
[24] Teixeira, L.C., Linden, J.C., Schroeder, H.A., 1999. Alkaline and peracetic acid pretreatments of biomass for ethanol production. Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol., 19–34.
[25] Tengborg, C., Stenberg, K., Galbe, M., Zacchi, G., Larsson, S., Palmqvist, E., Hahn-Hไgerdal, B., 1998. Comparison of SO2 and H2SO4 impregnation of softwood prior to steam pretreatment on ethanol production. Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol., 3–15.
[26] Chang, V.S., Kaar, W.E., Burr, B., Holtzapple, M.T., 2001. Simultaneous saccharification and fermentation of lime-treated biomass. Biotechnol. Lett. 23 (16), 1327–1333.
[27] Chang, V.S., Holtzapple, M.T., 2000. Fundamental factors affecting enzymatic reactivity. Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol., 5–37.
[28] Kaar, W.E., Holtzapple, M.T., 2000. Using lime pretreatment to facilitate the enzymatic hydrolysis of corn stover. Biomass Bioenergy 18 (3), 189–199.
[29] Alizadeh, H., Teymouri, F., Gilbert, T.I., Dale, B.E., 2005. Pretreatment of switchgrass by ammonia fiber
[30] Kim, T.H., Lee, Y.Y., 2005. Pretreatment of corn stover by soaking in aqueous ammonia. Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol., 1119–1132.