Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30579
Knowledge Transfer in Industrial Clusters

Authors: Ana Paula Lisboa Sohn, Filipa Dionísio Vieria, Nelson Casarotto, Idaulo José Cunha


This paper aims at identifying and analyzing the knowledge transmission channels in textile and clothing clusters located in Brazil and in Europe. Primary data was obtained through interviews with key individuals. The collection of primary data was carried out based on a questionnaire with ten categories of indicators of knowledge transmission. Secondary data was also collected through a literature review and through international organizations sites. Similarities related to the use of the main transmission channels of knowledge are observed in all cases. The main similarities are: influence of suppliers of machinery, equipment and raw materials; imitation of products and best practices; training promoted by technical institutions and businesses; and cluster companies being open to acquire new knowledge. The main differences lie in the relationship between companies, where in Europe the intensity of this relationship is bigger when compared to Brazil. The differences also occur in importance and frequency of the relationship with the government, with the cultural environment, and with the activities of research and development. It is also found factors that reduce the importance of geographical proximity in transmission of knowledge, and in generating trust and the establishment of collaborative behavior.

Keywords: industrial clusters, interorganizational learning, knowledge transmission channels, textile and clothing industry

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1687


[1] Guo, B.; Guo, J.J. "Patterns of technological learning within the knowledge systems of industrial clusters in emerging economies: Evidence from China”, Technovation, Vol. 31, No. 2-3, 2010 pp. 87- 104.
[2] Larsson, R., Bengtsson, L., Henriksson, K. and Sparks, J. "The Interorganizational Learning Dilemma: Collective Knowledge Development in Strategic Alliances”, Organization Science, Vol. 9 No. 3, 1998, pp. 285-305.
[3] Knight, L. "Network learning: exploring learning by interorganizational networks”, Human Relations, Vol. 55, No.4, 2002, pp. 427-454.
[4] Porter, M.E. "Cluster and the new economics of competition”, Harvard Business Review, Vol. 76, No. 6, 1998, pp. 77- 90.
[5] Giuliani, E. and Bell, M. "The micro-determinants of meso-level learning and innovation: evidence from Chilean wine cluster”, Research Policy, Vol. 34, No. 1, 2005, pp. 47-68.
[6] Baptista, R. and Swann, P. "Do firms in clusters innovate more?” Research Policy, Vol. 27, No. 5, 1998, pp. 525-540.
[7] Schmitz, H. "Collective efficiency and increasing return” Cambridge Journal of Economics, Vol. 23, No. 4, 1999, pp. 465-483.
[8] Maskell, P. and Malmberg, A. "Myopia, knowledge development and cluster evolution”, Journal of Economic Geography, Vol. 7, No. 5, 2007, pp. 603–18.
[9] Morrison, A.; Rabellotti, R.; Zirulia, F.L. "When do global pipelines enhance knowledge diffusion in clusters?” (online) Evolutionary Economic Geography, Utrecht University, 2011
[10] EURADA Clusters, industrial districts, local productive systems, Bruxelas, 1999.
[11] Porter, M.E. and Kramer, M.R. "Criação de valor compartilhado: comoreinventar o capitalismo e desencadearumaonda de inovação e crescimento”, Harvard Business Review, Vol. 89, No. 1, 2011, pp. 21- 33.
[12] Becattini, G., Bellandi, M., Ottati, G. D. and Sforzi, F. From Industrial Districts to Local Development: an intinerary of research, Edward Elgar Publishing: Massachusetts, 2003.
[13] Casarotto, N. F. and Pires, L. H. Redes de pequenas e médiasempresas e desenvolvimento local: estratégiasparaconquista de competitividade global com base naexperiênciaitaliana, Atlas: São Paulo, 2001.
[14] Britto J. Cooperaçãointerindustrial e redes de empresas, In: Kupfer, D.;Hasenclever, L. Economia industrial: fundamentosteóricos e práticas no Brasil, Campus: Rio de Janeiro, 2002, pp. 345 – 388.
[15] Beaudry, C and Breschi, S. "Are firms in clusters really more innovative?” Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Vo. 12, No. 4, 2003, pp. 325-342.
[16] Staber, U. "Spatial proximity and firm survival in a declining industrial district: the case of knitwear firms in Baden-Wurttemberg”, Regional Studies, 2001, Vol. 35, No. 4, 2001, pp. 329 – 341.
[17] Vilana, J. R. and Monroy, C. R. "Influence of cultural mechanisms on horizontal inter-firm collaborations” Journal of Industrial Engineering and Management, Vol. 3, No. 1, 2010, pp. 138-175.
[18] Lundvall, Bengt-Ake. "The Danish Model and the Globalizing Learning Economy: Lessons for Developing Countries” (online) World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER), 2009,
[19] Rabellotti, R. "Is there an ‘industrial district model’? Footwear districts in Italy and Mexico compared” World Development, Vol. 23, No. 1, 1995, pp. 29-41.
[20] FIESC - Federação das Indústrias de Santa Catarina "Santa Catarinaem Dados” FIESC: Florianópolis, 2013.
[21] ERUCLUSTEX (online)
[22] R&I, Ricerche e Inventi do politicaindustriale e del lavoro "Osservatorio del settoretessileabbliamentoneldistrettodi Carpi”, Comunedi Carpi, Carpi (MO), 2011.