Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30526
Public Policy for Quality School Lunch Development in Thailand

Authors: W. Kongnoo, J. Loysongkroa, S. Chotivichien, N. Viriyautsahakul, N. Saiwongse

Abstract:

Obesity, stunting and wasting problems among Thai school-aged children are increasing due to inappropriate food consumption behavior and poor environments for desirable nutritional behavior. Because of a low school lunch budget of only 0.40 USD per person per day, food quality is not up to nutritional standards. Therefore, the Health Department with the Education Ministry and the Thai Health Promotion Foundation have developed a quality school lunch project during 2009–2013. The program objectives were development and management of public policy to increase school lunch budget. The methods used a healthy public policy motivation process and movement in 241 local administrative organizations and 538 schools. The problem and solution research was organized to study school food and nutrition management, create a best practice policy mobilization model and hold a public hearing to motivate an increase of school meal funding. The results showed that local public policy has been motivated during 2009-2011 to increase school meal budget using local budgets. School children with best food consumption behavior and exercise increased from 13.2% in 2009 to 51.6% in 2013 and stunting decreased from 6.0% in 2009 to 4.7% in 2013. As the result of national policy motivation (2012-2013), the cabinet meeting on October 22, 2013 has approved an increase of school lunch budget from 0.40 USD to 0.62 USD per person per day. Thus, 5,800,469 school children nationwide have benefited from the budget increase.

Keywords: Public Policy, Thailand, quality school lunch

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1094663

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 3766

References:


[1] L. Mo-Suwan, Nutritional Status in Children, In National Examination survey IV, Health Report Thailand-Children’s Health. Bangkok: Health System Research Institute, 2008-2009, Ch. 8.
[2] Department of Health, Ministry of Public Health, Report on The evaluation of Quality Lunches in The school and Child Development Center: The Systematic Approaches for Optimal Growth Development of Thai Children Project. 2009.
[3] S. Kongsin, et al, The Survey Research in Situation and Policy, Law, Regulation Intervention and Management Analysis of School Lunch Nutrition Program at the Local and National Level, Thailand. Organization support : Nutrition Division, Department of Health, Thai Health Promotion Foundation, May, 2009.
[4] Office of School Lunch Project, Office of The Basic Education Commission of Thailand, Ministry of Education, The Reserarch of Monitoring and Implementation Project for School Lunch(2006-2007). December, 2009.
[5] National Health Commission Office, Research Development of Public Policy Participation through The Health Assembly on Specific Areas of 4 Sector, fiscal year 2009. Bangkok: The document duplication, 2009.
[6] World Health Organization, Global Strategy in Diet, Physical activities and Health. 2004.
[7] World Health Organization, Adelaide Recommendations on Healthy Public Policy, Second International Conference on Health Promotion, Adelaide, South Australia. 5-9 April, 2001.
[8] Public Health Advocacy Institute of Western Australia, "Advocacy in Action: a toolkit for Public Health Professionals.” 2nd, Workshop Building Capacity for Non-communicable Disease Advocacy, Sampran Riverside (Rose Garden) Hotel, Nakhon Pathom, Thailand, 14-16 June, 2012.
[9] http://www.thaigov.go.th, Cabinet resolution. 22 October, 2013.