Spatial Pattern and GIS-Based Model for Risk Assessment – A Case Study of Dusit District, Bangkok
Authors: Morakot Worachairungreung
The objectives of the research are to study patterns of fire location distribution and develop techniques of Geographic Information System application in fire risk assessment for fire planning and management. Fire risk assessment was based on two factors: the vulnerability factor such as building material types, building height, building density and capacity for mitigation factor such as accessibility by road, distance to fire station, distance to hydrants and it was obtained from four groups of stakeholders including firemen, city planners, local government officers and local residents. Factors obtained from all stakeholders were converted into Raster data of GIS and then were superimposed on the data in order to prepare fire risk map of the area showing level of fire risk ranging from high to low. The level of fire risk was obtained from weighted mean of each factor based on the stakeholders. Weighted mean for each factor was obtained by Analytical Hierarchy Analysis.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1094615Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1789
 B.Boots andA.Getis, Point Pattern Analysis. Newbury Park, SAGE Publications, 1988.
 O'Sullivan and D.J. Unwin. Geographic Information Analysis, Second Edition. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA, 2010.
 K. P. Vadrevu, A. Eaturu, and K. Badarinath. "Fire risk evaluation using multicriteria." Environ Monit Assess, 2010, pp.223-229.
 T.L. Saaty. "A scaling method for priorities in hierarchical structures,” Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 1977, pp.234-281.
 T.L. Saaty. The Analytic Hierarchy Process, Planning, Priority Setting, Resource Allocation. McGraw-Hill, New York, 1980.