Potentials of Raphia hookeri Wine in Livelihood Sustenance among Rural and Urban Populations in Nigeria
Raphia wine is an important forest product with cultural significance besides its use as medicine and food in southern Nigeria. This work aims to evaluate the profitability of Raphia wine production and marketing in Sapele Local Government Area, Nigeria. Four communities (Sapele, Ogiede, Okuoke and Elume) were randomly selected for data collection via questionnaires among producers and marketers. A total of 50 producers and 34 marketers were randomly selected for interview. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics, profit margin, multiple regression and rate of returns on investment (RORI). Annual average profit was highest in Okuoke (Producers –
N90, 000.00, Marketers - N70, 000.00) and least in Sapele (Producers N50, 000.00, Marketers – N45, 000.00). Calculated RORI for marketers were Elume (40.0%), Okuoke (25.0%), Ogiede (33.3%) and Sapele (50.0%). Regression results showed that location has significant effects (0.000, ρ ≤ 0.05) on profit margins. Male (58.8%) and female (41.2%) invest in Raphia wine marketing, while males (100.0%) dominate production. Results showed that Raphia wine has potentials to generate household income, enhance food security and improve quality of life in rural, semi-urban and urban communities. Improved marketing channels, storage facilities and credit facilities via cooperative groups are recommended for producers and marketers by concerned agencies.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1094100Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2072
 Andel van, T. R. 2000. "Non-timber forest products of the North-West” District of Guyana Part 1. Tropenbos International Publications, Netherlands.
 Wilkinson and Elevitch. 2011. Non timber forest products: NTFPs Enterprises http://www.agroforestry.net/ overstory/ overstory53.html. The Overstory No53
 Caspary, H.U., Koné, I., Prouot, C., & de Pauw, M. 2001. La chasse et la filière viande de brousse dans l'espace Taï, Côte d'Ivoire. Tropenbos Côte d'Ivoire Série 2. Tropenbos International, Wageningen, The Netherlands
 Amusa T.O, F.D Babalola, S.O. Jimoh and Labode Popoola. 2011. Can NTFPs Help Eradicate Poverty? A case study from Tropical Lowland Rainforest of Southwestern Nigeria (In) Popoola L, Ogunsanwo K and Idumah F (eds) Forestry in the Context of the Millennium Development Goals. Proceedings of the 34th Annual Conference of the Forestry Association of Nigeria held in Osogbo, Osun State, Nigeria,Vol. 1:18-36
 Sunderlin W.D, A. Angelson, B. Belcher, P. Burgers, R. Nasri, L. Santoso and S. Wunder. 2005. Livelihoods, Forests and Conservation in Developing Countries: An Overview. World Development 33(9): 1383-1402
 Aiyeloja, A.A, Oladele A.T and Ezeugo O.E. 2012. Evaluation of Non-Timber Forest Products Trade in Ihiala Local Govt. Area, Anambra State, Nigeria. International Journal of Science and Nature, 3(2): 84-89
 Moody J.O. 2010. The Sense and the Nonsense of Traditional Medicine in Africa: The Odyssey of a Herbalist’s Grandson in nature’s Laboratory. An Inaugural Lecture, 2009/2010, University of Ibadan, Nigeria, Pg 53.
 Ohimain,E.I, P.E. Tuwon and E. A. Ayibaebi. 2012. Traditional Fermentation and Distillation of Raffia Palm Sap for the Production of Bioethanol in Bayelsa State, Nigeria. Journal of Technology Innovations in Renewable Energy, Vol. 1: 131-141
 Okwu D.E and Nnamdi, F.U. 2008. Evaluation of the Chemical Composition of Dacryodes Edulis and Raphia Hookeri Mann and Wendl Exudates used in Herbal Medicine in South Eastern Nigeria. Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. 2008; 5(2): 194–200
 Akpan E.J and Usoh, I.F. 2004. Phytochemical screening and effect of aqueous root extract of Raphia hookeri (raffia palm) on metabolic clearance rate of ethanol in rabbits. Biochemistry, 16(l): 37-42
 Brink, M. 2011. Raphia hookeri G.Mann & H.Wendl.
[Internet] Record from PROTA4U. Brink, M. & Achigan-Dako, E.G. (Editors). PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa / Ressources végétales de l’Afrique tropicale), Wageningen, Netherlands.
 Nwachukwu I.N, Ibekwe V.I, Anyanwu B.N. 2006. Investigation of some physic-chemistry and microbial succession parameters of palm wine. J Food Technol, 4(4): 308-12.
 Ukhun M.E, Okolie N.P, Oyerinde A.O. 2005. Some mineral profiles of fresh and bottled palm wine-a comparative study. Afr. J. Biotechnol., 4(8): 829-832
 Okigbo, B.N. 1980. Plants and food in Igbo culture. Presented as the Ahiajoku Lecture, 28 November. Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria.
 Falconer J. 1993. The Major Significance of ‘Minor’ Forest Products: The Local Use and Value of Forests in the West African Humid Forest Zone. CF Note 6. (Eds) Koppell C.R.S, FAO, Rome < http://www.fao.org/docrep/t9450e/t9450e00.htm accessed on 27th May, 2014>
 Noll R.G. 2008. The wines of West Africa: History, technology and tasting notes. J Wine Econ;3: 85-94
 Etukudo I. 2003. "Ethnobotany, Conventional and Traditional Uses of Plants.” The Verdict Press, Uyo. pp 22 – 166.
 Akachukwu C O. 2001. Production and utilization of wine palm (Raphia hookeri Mann and Wendland). An Important Wetland Species Occasionally visited by honey bees; Proceedings of Aquatic Science; 282–297
 FGN. 2009. Federal Government of Nigeria Official Gazette, Vol. 96(2), Abuja Nigeria
 Agbogidi, O.M. 2010. Ethno-botanical survey of the non- timber forest products in Sapele Local Government Area of Delta State, Nigeria. African Journal of Plant Science, Vol. 4(3), pp. 183-189, http://www.academicjournals.org/ajps. ISSN 1996-0824
 Unaeze H.C, Oladele A.T and Agu L. O. 2013. Collection and marketing of Bitter Cola (Garcinia kola) in Nkwerre Local Government area, Imo State, Nigeria. Egyptian Journal of Biology, Vol. 15: 37-43
 Oladele, A.T, Aiyeloja A.A and Aguma Q. 2013. Economic Analysis of Cane Furniture Production in Rivers State, Nigeria. Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development, Vol.4, No.5: 31 – 38
 Mbuagbaw, L and Noorduyn, S.G. 2012. The Palm Wine Trade: Occupational and Health Hazards. The International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Vol 3, No 4
 Adebisi L.A. 2008. Nature’s Pharmacy in Man’s Immediate Environment: Implications for Primary Health Care Delivery. Annual Faculty Lecture 2007/2008, Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry, University of Ibadan, Nigeria, July 2008.
 Fadare, S.O., Ojo S.O. and Imoudu P.B. 2008. Analysis of Production Performance of Beekeeping in The Niger Delta Area of Nigeria, Apiacta 43:37 - 48. International Federation of Beekeepers' Association Journal. Apimondia
 Oluwalana, E.O.A., P.A. Okuneye and G.O. Sokoya. 2005. "Microcredit for Agricultural Development: A Study of Women Groups in Ogun State, Nigeria” in P. B. Okuneye and G. O. Evbuomwan (eds) Agribusiness in the African Century. Proceedings of African Farm Management Association (AFMA) 19TH – 21ST Oct.
 Olaleye S. M. and Oladele A. T. 2014. Gender Selection of Forest Product Small Enterprises in Rivers and Bayelsa State, Nigeria. ARPN Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science, Vol. 9(4): 139-145
 Lebbie A.R, Guries R.P. 2002. The Palm Wine Trade in Freetown, Sierra Leone: Production, Income, and Social Construction. Econ Bot;56: 246-54.
 Okereke O. 1982. The traditional system of oil palm wine production in Igbo Eze local government area of Anambra state of Nigeria. Agr Syst;9: 239-53.
 Unaeze. H. C, Onu. M.E and Agumagu A.C. 2009. Economic Analysis of raffia palm (Raphia hookeri) Production in Obio-Akpo Local Government Area, Rivers State, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Farm Management, FAMAN Journal Vol. 10 No 1
 Oladele, A.T and Labode Popoola. 2013. Economic Analysis of Growing Ginger (Zingiber officinale ) Under Teak (Tectona grandis) Canopy in Southwest Nigeria. Journal of Forest Science Vol. 29, No. 2: 147-156
 Aiyeloja, A. A. 2007. Potential of Small scale Forest based Enterprises in Poverty Reduction in South Western Nigeria. PhD Thesis in the Department of Forest Resources Management, University of Ibadan, Nigeria. 216 pp.