Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 31529
Changes in Postural Stability after Coordination Exercise

Authors: Ivan Struhár, Martin Sebera, Lenka Dovrtělová

Abstract:

The aim of this study was to find out if the special type of exercise with elastic cord can improve the level of postural stability. The exercise programme was conducted twice a week for 3 months. The participants were randomly divided into an experimental group and a control group. The electronic balance board was used for testing of postural stability. All participants trained for 18 hours at the time of experiment without any special form of coordination programme. The experimental group performed 90 minutes plus of coordination exercise. The result showed that differences between pre-test and post-test occurred in the experimental group. It was used the nonparametric Wilcoxon t-test for paired samples (p=0.012; the significance level 95%). We calculated effect size by Cohen´s d. In the experimental group d is 1.96 which indicates a large effect. In the control group d is 0.04 which confirms no significant improvement.

Keywords: Balance board, balance training, coordination, stability.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1093307

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1980

References:


[1] J. T. Cavanaugh, K. M. Guskiewicz, and N. Stergiou, "A nonlinear dynamic approach for evaluating postural control: new directions for the management of sport-related cerebral concussion," in Sports Med., vol. 35, pp. 935–950, 2005.
[2] W. W. N. Tsang and C. W. Y. Hui-Chan, "Effects of tai chi on joint proprioception and stability limits in elderly subjects," Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., vol. 35, pp. 1962–1971, 2003.
[3] L. D. Gillespie, M. C. Robertson, W. J. Gillespie, C. Sherrington, S. Gates, L. M. Clemson, and S. E. Lamb, "Interventions for preventing falls in older people living in the community," Cochrane Database Syst. Rev., vol. 9, pp. CD007146, 2012.
[4] L. A. Pérula, F. Varas-Fabra, V. Rodríguez, R. Ruiz-Moral, J. A. Fernández, J. González, C. J. Pérula, A. M. Roldán, and C. de Dios, "Effectiveness of a Multifactorial Intervention Program to Reduce Falls Incidence Among Community-Living Older Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial," Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 93, pp. 1677–1684, 2012.
[5] J. Witchalls, P. Blanch, G. Waddington, and R. Adams, "Intrinsic functional deficits associated with increased risk of ankle injuries: a systematic review with meta-analysis," Br. J. Sports Med., vol. 46, pp. 515–523, 2012.
[6] W. Taube, M. Gruber, and A. Gollhofer, "Spinal and supraspinal adaptations associated with balance training and their functional relevance," Acta Physiol (Oxf), vol. 193, pp. 101–116, 2008.
[7] C. Hrysomallis, "Relationship between balance ability, training and sports injury risk," Sports Med., vol. 37, pp. 547–556, 2007.
[8] M. S. P Corbeil, "Increased risk for falling associated with obesity: mathematical modeling of postural control," IEEE Trans.Neural Syst.Rehabil.Eng., vol. 9, pp. 126–136, 2001.
[9] I.Struhár, L.Dovrtělová and K.Kapounková, "The effect of exercise with elastic cord on postural stability in a group of elite gymnasts," Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, submitted for publication.
[10] Y. Miyake, S. Nakamura, and M. Nakajima, "The effect of trunk coordination exercise on dynamic postural control using a Core Noodle," Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, 2013.
[11] H. Cheldavi, S. Shakerian, S. N. Shetab Boshehri, and M. Zarghami, "The effects of balance training intervention on postural control of children with autism spectrum disorder: Role of sensory information," Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, vol. 8, pp. 8–14, 2014.
[12] R. W. Pata, K. Lord, and J. Lamb, "The effect of Pilates based exercise on mobility, postural stability, and balance in order to decrease fall risk in older adults," Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, 2013.