Women in the Teaching Profession: Impacts and Challenges
Recently in Malaysia, women's participation in teaching profession has increased. The increasing trend of women’s participation in the teaching profession poses challenges in families, especially in the developing countries like Malaysia. One of these challenges, concerns in balancing their role between family and job responsibility that faced by many women teachers. The purpose of this study is to discover how women teachers' impact on family happiness and the challenges faced by them in balancing their role between family and job responsibility. The findings presented in this study are based on survey research in a secondary school Dato’ Bijaya Setia in the district of Gugusan Manjoi which is located in Kedah, Malaysia. The study found that employment of women in economic activity has several beneficial impacts of improving the economic condition of the family. The results also revealed that in low income earning families, both husbands and wives’ employment contribute to the family income that less likely to experience of family poverty. The study also showed despite women's teachers’ significant role towards the overall development of the family, the majority of women teachers encountered a number of difficulties in balancing their role between family and job responsibility especially when they need to work more than the normal working time. Therefore, it is common for the majority of women suffering from psychological stress when they are unable to complete the task at a fixed time. The present study also suggests implication of family friendly policy and its appropriate practice to support the women teachers who are significantly contributing to family, community and the country.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1093124Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 3743
 GOM. Government of Malaysia. "Malaysia as fully developed country” – 2008.
 E. H. Kazi, "Impact of Teacher-Gender on Primary Students’ Achievement: A Study at Malaysian Standpoint”. Journal of Sociological Research.4 (1): 124- 144. 2013.
 MOE, Ministry of Education Malaysia, "Statistics of Teachers by Gender”. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.2010.
 S.P. Naik, "Education for the twenty first century” .New Delhi: Anmol publications, 2008
 S. Drudy, "Gender balance/gender bias: the teaching profession and the impact of feminization”. Gender and Education. Vol 20, No 4, pp. 309–323, 2008.
 S. Acker, "Teachers, Gender and Careers”. The Falmer Press, New York. 1989
 I.Zanariah, & M, S., Nordin, "Teachers’ Work-Family Conflict Efficacy in Malaysia: Scale Validation”. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science. Vol2, No 21, Pp. 127-132, 2012.
 J.Mukundan,&K.Khandehroo. "Burnout in relation to gender, educational attainment and experience among Malaysian ELT practitioner”. The Journal of Human Resource and Adult Learning, Vol 5, No 2,Pp. 93-98, 2009.
 A.M, Sultana."Constraints faced by Working and Non-working Women in their Families”. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, Vol7, No 6, Pp. 719-722. 2013.
 A.M Sultana. "A Study of Stress and Work Family Conflict among Married Women in Their Families”. Advances in Natural and Applied Sciences, Vol6 No 8, Pp1319-1324, 2012.
 Kinnunen, &S Mauno, "Antecedents and outcomes of work-family conflict among employed women and men in Finland”. Human Relations, Vol51,Pp. 157–177. 1998.
 L Booth. "Working Mothers at Risk from Too Much Guilt”. I Village Limited. 2000
 J. Carvel, "Children of Working Mothers at Risk”. Society Guardian. 2001
 N.F Chavkin, "Families and School in a Pluralistic Society. Albany, NY”. State University of New York Press. 1993.
 S.Geetha, &P, S. Doris, "Family Friendly Policies in Malaysia”: Where AreWe? Journal of International Business Research, Vol 9, No 1, Pp. 43-55. 2010.