Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30308
An Intelligent WSN-Based Parking Guidance System

Authors: Sheng-Shih Wang, Wei-Ting Wang


This paper designs an intelligent guidance system, based on wireless sensor networks, for efficient parking in parking lots. The proposed system consists of a parking space allocation subsystem, a parking space monitoring subsystem, a driving guidance subsystem, and a vehicle detection subsystem. In the system, we propose a novel and effective virtual coordinate system for sensing and displaying devices to determine the proper vacant parking space and provide the precise guidance to the driver. This study constructs a ZigBee-based wireless sensor network on Arduino platform and implements the prototype of the proposed system using Arduino-based complements. Experimental results confirm that the proposed prototype can not only work well, but also provide drivers the correct parking information.

Keywords: Wireless Sensor Network, ZigBee, Arduino, parking guidance

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1843


[1] I. F. Akyildiz, W. Su, Y. Sankarasubramaniam, and E. Cayirci, "A survey on sensor networks,” IEEE Communications Magazine, vol. 40, no. 8, pp. 102-114,Aug. 2002.
[2] J. Ford, "Telecommunications with MEMS devices: an overview,” inProc. Annu. Meeting IEEE Lasers Electro-Optics Society, 2001, pp. 415-416.
[3] Y.-Z. Bi, L.-M. Sun, H.-S. Zhu, T.-X. Yan, and Z.-J. Zuo, "Aparkingmanagement system based on wireless sensor network,” ACTA Automatica Sinica, vol. 32, no. 6, pp.38-45, Nov. 2006.
[4] R. Lu, X. Lin, H. Zhu, and X. Shen,"SPARK: anew VANET-based smart parking scheme for large parking lots,” in Proc. IEEE INFOCOM, 2009, pp.1413-1421.
[5] V. Verroios, V. Efstathiou, and A. Delis,"Reachingavailable public parking spaces in urban environments using ad hoc networking,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Mobile Data Management, 2011, pp. 141-151.
[6] S. Mathur, T. Jin, N. Kasturirangan, J. Chandrashekharan,W. Xue, M. Gruteser, and W. Trappe, "ParkNet: drive-by sensing of road-side parking statistics,” in Proc. ACM Int. Conf. MobileSystems, Applications, and Services, 2010, pp. 123-136.
[7] C. W. Hsu, M. H. Shih, H. Y. Huang, Y. C. Shiue, and S. C. Huang, "Verification of smart guiding system to search for parking space via DSRC communication,” in Proc. Int. Conf. ITS Telecommunications, 2012, pp. 77-81.
[8] S. Yoo, P. K. Chong, T. Kim, J. Kang, D. Kim, C. Shin, K. Sung, B. Jang, "PGS: parking guidance system based on wireless sensor network,” in Proc. Int. Symp. Wireless Pervasive Computing, 2008, pp. 218-222.
[9] Arduino, "Arduino UNO,”
[10] R. Faludi and M. Richardson, "Basic XBee ZB ZigBee (Series 2) Chat,”
[11] H. Zhao, L. Lu, C. Song, and Y. Wu, "IPARK: location-aware-based intelligent parking guidance over infrastructureless VANETs,”Int. J. Distributed Sensor Networks, vol. 2012.