An Intelligent WSN-Based Parking Guidance System
This paper designs an intelligent guidance system, based on wireless sensor networks, for efficient parking in parking lots. The proposed system consists of a parking space allocation subsystem, a parking space monitoring subsystem, a driving guidance subsystem, and a vehicle detection subsystem. In the system, we propose a novel and effective virtual coordinate system for sensing and displaying devices to determine the proper vacant parking space and provide the precise guidance to the driver. This study constructs a ZigBee-based wireless sensor network on Arduino platform and implements the prototype of the proposed system using Arduino-based complements. Experimental results confirm that the proposed prototype can not only work well, but also provide drivers the correct parking information.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1337207Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1843
 I. F. Akyildiz, W. Su, Y. Sankarasubramaniam, and E. Cayirci, "A survey on sensor networks,” IEEE Communications Magazine, vol. 40, no. 8, pp. 102-114,Aug. 2002.
 J. Ford, "Telecommunications with MEMS devices: an overview,” inProc. Annu. Meeting IEEE Lasers Electro-Optics Society, 2001, pp. 415-416.
 Y.-Z. Bi, L.-M. Sun, H.-S. Zhu, T.-X. Yan, and Z.-J. Zuo, "Aparkingmanagement system based on wireless sensor network,” ACTA Automatica Sinica, vol. 32, no. 6, pp.38-45, Nov. 2006.
 R. Lu, X. Lin, H. Zhu, and X. Shen,"SPARK: anew VANET-based smart parking scheme for large parking lots,” in Proc. IEEE INFOCOM, 2009, pp.1413-1421.
 V. Verroios, V. Efstathiou, and A. Delis,"Reachingavailable public parking spaces in urban environments using ad hoc networking,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Mobile Data Management, 2011, pp. 141-151.
 S. Mathur, T. Jin, N. Kasturirangan, J. Chandrashekharan,W. Xue, M. Gruteser, and W. Trappe, "ParkNet: drive-by sensing of road-side parking statistics,” in Proc. ACM Int. Conf. MobileSystems, Applications, and Services, 2010, pp. 123-136.
 C. W. Hsu, M. H. Shih, H. Y. Huang, Y. C. Shiue, and S. C. Huang, "Verification of smart guiding system to search for parking space via DSRC communication,” in Proc. Int. Conf. ITS Telecommunications, 2012, pp. 77-81.
 S. Yoo, P. K. Chong, T. Kim, J. Kang, D. Kim, C. Shin, K. Sung, B. Jang, "PGS: parking guidance system based on wireless sensor network,” in Proc. Int. Symp. Wireless Pervasive Computing, 2008, pp. 218-222.
 Arduino, "Arduino UNO,”http://arduino.cc/en/Main/ArduinoBoardUno.
 R. Faludi and M. Richardson, "Basic XBee ZB ZigBee (Series 2) Chat,”http://examples.digi.com/get-started/basic-xbee-zb-zigbee-chat/.
 H. Zhao, L. Lu, C. Song, and Y. Wu, "IPARK: location-aware-based intelligent parking guidance over infrastructureless VANETs,”Int. J. Distributed Sensor Networks, vol. 2012.