Conceptual Design of the TransAtlantic as a Research Platform for the Development of “Green” Aircraft Technologies
Authors: Victor Maldonado
Recent concerns of the growing impact of aviation on climate change has prompted the emergence of a field referred to as Sustainable or “Green” Aviation dedicated to mitigating the harmful impact of aviation related CO2 emissions and noise pollution on the environment. In the current paper, a unique “green” business jet aircraft called the TransAtlantic was designed (using analytical formulation common in conceptual design) in order to show the feasibility for transatlantic passenger air travel with an aircraft weighing less than 10,000 pounds takeoff weight. Such an advance in fuel efficiency will require development and integration of advanced and emerging aerospace technologies. The TransAtlantic design is intended to serve as a research platform for the development of technologies such as active flow control. Recent advances in the field of active flow control and how this technology can be integrated on a sub-scale flight demonstrator are discussed in this paper. Flow control is a technique to modify the behavior of coherent structures in wall-bounded flows (over aerodynamic surfaces such as wings and turbine nozzles) resulting in improved aerodynamic cruise and flight control efficiency. One of the key challenges to application in manned aircraft is development of a robust high-momentum actuator that can penetrate the boundary layer flowing over aerodynamic surfaces. These deficiencies may be overcome in the current development and testing of a novel electromagnetic synthetic jet actuator which replaces piezoelectric materials as the driving diaphragm. One of the overarching goals of the TranAtlantic research platform include fostering national and international collaboration to demonstrate (in numerical and experimental models) reduced CO2/ noise pollution via development and integration of technologies and methodologies in design optimization, fluid dynamics, structures/ composites, propulsion, and controls.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1092243Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2099
 Green Growth and the Future of Aviation, 27th Round Table on Sustainable Development, 2012.
 Green Aviation: A Better Way to Treat the Planet, NASA, 2010.
 E. Kronenberg and J. White, The Future of Green Aviation, Booz and Allen Inc., 2008.
 Clean Sky at a Glance, Clean Sky JU, www.cleansky.eu, Belgium, 2013.
 NextGen, Federal Aviation Administration, www.faa.gov/nextgen, 2014.
 Environmentally Responsible Aviation Project, NASA, http://www.aeronautics.nasa.gov/isrp/era/htm, 2014.
 B. Boling, L. Bortner, E. Hendricks, and D. Mavris, "Designing for a Green Future: A Unified Aircraft Design Methodology,” Journal of Aircraft, vol.47, no. 5, 2010.
 K. Franz, K. Risse, and E. Stumpf, "Framework for Sustainability-Driven Aircraft Design,” AIAA Aviation Technology, Integration, and Operations Conference, Los Angeles, CA, August 12-14, 2013.
 T.I. Saeed and W.R. Graham, "Conceptual Design for a Laminar-Flying-Wing Aircraft,” 50th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting, Nashville, TN, January 09-12, 2012.
 D. P. Raymer, Aircraft Design: A Conceptual Approach, 4th ed., American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2006.
 T. C. Corke, Design of Aircraft, 1st ed., Prentice Hall, 2002.
 A. K. Kundu, Aircraft Design, Cambridge University Press, 2010.
 C. D. Harris, "NASA Supercritical Airfoils,” Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA, NASA Tech. Paper 2969, 1990.
 R. Staton, "Cargo/ Transport Statistical Weight Estimation Equations,” Vought Aircraft Rep. 2-59320/8R-50475, 1968.
 A. Jackson, "Preliminary Design Weight Estimation Program, "AeroCommander Division, Rep. 511-009, 1971.
 N. O. Packard, M. P. Thake, C. H. Bonilla, K. Gompertz, and J. P. Bons, "Active Control of Flow Separation on a Laminar Airfoil,” AIAA Journal, vol. 51, no. 5, 2013.
 R. King, N. Heinz, M. Bauer, T. Grund, and W. Nitsche, "Flight and Wind-Tunnel Tests of Closed-Loop Active Flow Control,” Journal of Aircraft, vol. 50, no. 5, 2013.
 M. Jabbal, S. C. Liddle, and W. J. Crowther, "Active Flow control Systems Architecture for Civil Transport Aircraft,” Journal of Aircraft, vol. 47, no. 6, 2010.
 V. Maldonado, M. Boucher, R. Ostman, and M. Amitay, "Active Vibration Control of a Wind Turbine Blade Using Synthetic Jets, International Journal of Flow Control, vol. 1, no. 4, 2010.
 V. Maldonado, J. Farnsworth, W. Gressick, and M. Amitay, "Active Control of Flow Separation and Structural Vibrations of Wind Turbine Blades, Wind Energy, vol. 13, pp. 221-237, 2010.
 A. Glezer and M. Amitay, "Synthetic Jets,” Ann. Rev. of Fluid Mech., vol. 34, pp. 503-529, 2002.