Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 31231
Morphological Characteristics and Pollination Requirement in Red Pitaya (Hylocereus spp.)

Authors: Dinh - Ha Tran, Chung - Ruey Yen

Abstract:

This study explored the morphological characteristics and effects of pollination methods on fruit set and characteristics in 4 red pitaya (Hylocereus spp.) clones. The distinctive morphological recognition and classification among pitaya clones were confirmed by the stem, flower and fruit features. The fruit production season was indicated from the beginning of May to the end of August – the beginning of September with 6-7 flowering cycles per year. The floral stage took from 15-19 days and fruit duration spent 30–32 days. VN White, fully self-compatible, obtained high fruit set rates (80.0–90.5%) in all pollination treatments and the maximum fruit weight (402.6g) in hand self- and (403.4g) in open-pollination. Chaozhou 5 was partially self-compatible while Orejona and F11 were completely self-incompatible. Hand cross-pollination increased significantly fruit set (95.8; 88.4 and 90.2%) and fruit weight (374.2; 281.8 and 416.3g) in Chaozhou 5, Orejona and F11, respectively. TSS contents were not much influcenced by pollination methods.

Keywords: Morphology, Hylocereus spp, floral phenology, pollination requirement

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1091526

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2478

References:


[1] W. Barthlott, D. R. Hunt, "Cactaceae”. In: The families and Genera of vascular plants, K. Kubitzki, (Eds.), New York: Springer-Verlag, pp 161–197. 1993.
[2] H. Bravo-Hollis, "Las cactáceas de México”, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México D.F., 1. 1978
[3] H. C. De dios, "A new subspecies of Hylocereus undatus (Cactaceae) from Southeastern México”, Haseltonia 11, pp 11–17. 2005.
[4] O. Duncan, B. Duncan, "A methodological analysis of segregation indices”, Am Soc Rev, 20, pp 210–217. 1955.
[5] J. O. Grimaldo, T. Terrazas, V. A. García and M. Cruz, "Morphometric analysis of 21 pitahaya (Hylocereus undatus) genotypes”, J. PACD, 9, pp 99-117. 2007.
[6] International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (UPOV), "Dragon fruit, Hylocereus undatus (Haw.) Britton & Rose. The Guidelines for the Conduct of Tests for Distinctness, Uniformity and Stability (DUS). TG/271/1, Original: English, Date: 2011-10-20, from the World Wide Web: http://www.upov.int/edocs/tgdocs/en/tg271.pdf
[7] F. Le Bellec, F. Vaillant and E. Imbert, "Pitahaya (Hylocereus spp.): A new fruit crop, a market with a future”, Fruits, 61(4), pp 237–250. 2006.
[8] J. Lichtenzveig, S. Abbo, A. Nerd, N. Tel-Zur, Y. Mizhrahi, ”Cytology and mating systems in the climbing cacti Hylocereus and Selenicereus” Am. J. Bot., 87(7), pp 1058-1065. 2000.
[9] H. A. Mejía; S. B. M. Ruiz, C. A. Montoya and C. R. Sequeda, "In situ Morphological Characterization of Hylocereus spp. (Fam.: Cactaceae) Genotypes from Antioquia and Córdoba (Colombia)”, Rev. Fac. Nal. Agr. Medellín, 66(1), pp 6845-6854. 2013.
[10] S. Merten, "A Review of Hylocereus Production in the United States”, J. PACD, 5, pp 98-105. 2003.
[11] Y. Mizrahi, A. Nerd, "Climbing and columnar cacti, New arid land fruit crops”, In: Perspective in new crops and new uses, J. Janick, (Eds.), Alexandria: American Society for Horticultural Science Press, 1999, pp 358-366.
[12] A. Nerd, and Y. Mizrahi, "Reproductive Biology of Cactus Fruit Crops”, Horticultural Reviews, 18, pp 321-346. 1997.
[13] P. S. Nobel, E. De La Barrera, "CO2 uptake by the cultivated hemiepiphytic cactus, Hylocereus undatus”, Ann. Appl. Biol., 144 (1), pp 1-8. 2004.
[14] Y. D. H. Ortiz, J. A. S. Carrillo, "Pitahaya (Hylocereus spp.): a short review”, Comunicata Scientiae, 3(4), pp 220-237. 2012.
[15] E. Raveh, A. Nerd, Y. Mizrahi, "Responses of two hemi-epiphytic fruit crop cacti to different degrees of shade”. Scientia Horticulturae, 73(2-3), pp 151-164. 1998.
[16] L. Scheinvar, "Redescubrimiento de Hylocereus napoleonis (Grah) Britton & Rose en México”. Cact. Suc. Mex. 30:6-9. 1985.
[17] N. Tel-zur, S. Abbo, D. Bar-Zvi and Y. Mizrahi, "Genetic Relationships among Hylocereus and Selenicereus vine Cacti (Cactaceae): Evidence from hybridization and cytological studies”, Ann. Bot., 94, pp 527–534. 2004.
[18] N. Tel-zur, Y. Mizrahi, A. Cisneros, J. Mouyal, B. Schneider, J. J. Doyle, "Phenotypic and genomic characterization of a vine cactus collection (Cactaceae)”, Genet Resour Crop, Evol., 58, pp 1075–1085. 2011.
[19] A. Valiente Banuet, R. S. Gally, M. C. Arizmendi, and A. Casas, "Pollination biology of the hemiepiphytic cactus Hylocereus undatus in the Tehuacán Valley, Mexico”, J. Arid Environ., 68(1), pp 1-8. 2007.
[20] J. Weiss, A. Nerd, Y. Mizrahi, "Flowering behavior and pollination requirements in climbing cacti with fruit crop potential”, HortScience, 29(12), pp 1487–1492. 1994.