Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30526
The Synergistic Effects of Using Silicon and Selenium on Fruiting of Zaghloul Date Palm (Phoenix dectylifera L.)

Authors: M. R. Gad El- Kareem, A. M. K. Abdel Aal, A. Y. Mohamed

Abstract:

During 2011 and 2012 seasons, Zaghloul date palms received four sprays of silicon (Si) at 0.05 to 0.1% and selenium (Se) at 0.01 to 0.02%. Growth, nutritional status, yield as well as physical and chemical characteristics of the fruits in response to application of silicon and selenium were investigated. Single and combined applications of silicon at 0.05 to 0.1% and selenium at 0.01 to 0.02% was very effective in enhancing the leaf area, total chlorophylls, percentages of N, P and K in the leaves, yield, bunch weight as well as physical and chemical characteristics of the fruits in relative to the check treatment. Silicon was superior to selenium in this respect. Combined application was favorable than using each alone in this connection. Treating Zaghloul date palms four times with a mixture of silicon at 0.05% + selenium at 0.01% resulted in an economical yield and producing better fruit quality.

Keywords: Silicon, Selenium, leaf area, date palms, Zaghloul

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1091508

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2547

References:


[1] Ahmed, F. F and Morsy, M. H. (1999): A new method for measuring leaf area in different fruit species. Minia. J. Agric .Res. & Dev.19: 97 – 105.
[2] Alvarez, J. and Datnoff, L. E. (2001): The economic potential of silicon for integrated management and sustainable rice production. Crop Prot. 20: 43 – 48.
[3] Al- Wasfy, M. M. (2012): Trails for improving water use efficiency and improving productivity in Williams banana orchards by spraying salicylic acid. Minia J. of Agric. Res. & Develop. Vol 32 No. 2 pp 139 – 160.
[4] Al- Wasfy, M. M. (2013): Response of Sakkoti date palms to foliar application of royal jelly, silicon and vitamins B. J. of Amer. Sci. 9 (5): 315 – 321.
[5] A. O. A. C. (1995): Official Methods of Analysis 16th Ed, A.O.A.C Benjamin Franklin Station, Washington, D.C, U.S.A. pp 490 – 510.
[6] Arnon, D.L. (1949): Copper enzymes in isolated chlorophyll polyphenol oxidase in Beta vulgaris. Plant physio, 24: 1-15.
[7] Aziz, T.; Gill, M. A. and Rahmatullah, R. (¬2002): Silicon nutrition and crop production: A review. Pak. J. Agric. Sci. 39 (3): 181 – 187.
[8] Dayer, R.; Fischer, B. B.; Eggen R. I. L. and Lemaire, S. D. (2008): The peroxiredoxin and glutathione peroxidase families in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Genetics, 179: 41 – 57.
[9] Epstein, E. (1999): Silicon. Annl. Rev. Plant Physiol. Plant Mol. Biol. 50: 641 – 664.
[10] Gad El- Kareem, M. R. (2012): Improving productivity of Taimour mango trees by using glutathione, silicon and vitamins B under press in Minia J. of Agric. Res. & Develop.
[11] Gissel- Neilsen, G.; Gupta, U. C.; Lamand, M. and Westermarck, T. (1984): Selenium in soils and plants and its importance in livestock and human nutrition. Adv. Agron. 37, 398 – 453.
[12] Gupta, U. C.; Gupta, S. C. and Gupta, M. D. (2000): Selenium in soils and crops, its deficiencies in livestock and humans, implication for management. Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal. 31, 1791 – 1807.
[13] Hanson, B.; Lindblom, S. D.; Loeffler, M. L. and Pilon- Smits, E. A. H. (2004): Selenium protects plants from phloem- feeding aphids due to both deterrence and toxicity. New Phytologist, 162: 655 – 662.
[14] Hanson, B.; Garifullina, G. F.; Lindblom, S. D.; Wangeline, A.; Ackley, A.; Kramer, K.; Norton, A. P.; Lawrence, C. B. and Pilon- Smits, E. A. H. (2003): Selenium accumulation protects Brassica juncea from invertebrate herbivory and fungal infection. New Phytologist, 159: 461 – 469.
[15] Hartikainen, M. and Xue, T. (1999): The promotive effect of selenium on plant growth as triggered by W Harviolet radiation. J. of Environ. Quality, 28: 1372 – 1375.
[16] Hattori, T.; Inanaga, S.; Araki, H.; An, P.; Mortia, S.; Luxova, M. and Lux, A. (2005): Application of silicon enhanced drought tolerance in sorghum bicolor. Physiolgia Plantarum. 123: 459 – 466.
[17] Jakovljevic, M.; Licina, V.; Antic- Mladenov, S. and Velickovic, M. (2011): The effects of selenium application on replant soil and its content in apple leaves and fruits. Acta Hort. 477: IV Inter. Sym. on Replant Proplems P.1.
[18] Kanto, T. (2002): Research of silicate of improvement of plant defense against pathogens in Japan. Abstract of Second Silicon in Agriculture Conference p. 22 – 26.
[19] Kim, W. S.; Jo, J. A. and Chung, J. S. (2005): Effect of selenium supply by trunk injection on fruit quality of Niitaka Asian Pear. Hort. Sci. Vol. 40 No. 4: 1083 – 1084.
[20] Ma, J. F. and Takahashi, E. (2002): Soil, Fertilizer and Plant. Silicon Research in Japan. Elsevier Science, Amsterdam, the Netherlands p 1 – 200.
[21] Matichenkov, V. V.; Calvert, D. V. and Snyder, G. H. (2000): Prospective of silicon fertilization for citrus in Florida. Proc. Soil and Crop Sci. Soc. of Florida 5 p: 137 – 141.
[22] Matoh, T.; Murata, S. and Takahashi, E. (1991): Effect of silicate application on photosyntheis of rice plants (in Japanese). Jpn. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr. 62: 248 – 251.
[23] Mead, R.; Currow, R. N. and Harted, A. M. (1993): Statistical Methods in Agriculture and Experimental Biology. Second Ed. Chapman & Hall London. pp 10 - 44.
[24] Melo, S. P.; Korndorfer, G. H.; Korndorfer, C. M.; Lana, R. M. Q. and Santan, D. G. (2003): Silicon accumulation and water deficit tolerance in grasses. Scientia Agricola. 60: 755 – ¬759.
[25] Moran, R. (1949): Formula determination of chlorophylls pigments extracted with N-N -dimethyl-Formamide. Plant Physiol., 69: 1376 – ¬1381.
[26] National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council (1983): (NASNRC): Selenium in nutrition, Washington D.C.
[27] Neumann, D. and Zur- Nieden, U. (2001): Silicon and heavy metal tolerance of higher plants. Phytochemistry, 56, 685 – 692.
[28] Nowak- Barbara, H. (2008): Effect of selenium on selected macronutrients in maize plants. J. Elemental. 13 (4): 513 – 519.
[29] Omar. M. G. (2007): Effect of some pollination treatments on yield and fruit quality of Sewy date palms grown under El- Farafra Oasis conditions. M. Sc. Thesis Fac. of. Agric. Minia Univ.
[30] Piper, C. D. (1950): Soil and Plant Analysis. Inter. Sci., New York pp 48 – 110.
[31] Rayman, M. P. (2002): The argument for increasing selenium intake. Proceeding of the Nutrition Society, 61: 203 – 215.
[32] Sayed, E. F. (2002): The productive capacity of Sewy date palms grown under New Valley conditions in response to leaves/ bunch ratio. M. Sc. Thesis Fac. Agric. Mnia Univ.
[33] Seppänen, M.; Turakainen, M. and Harikainen, H. (2003): Selenium effects on oxidative stress in potato. Plant Science, 165: 311 – 319.
[34] Sima, P. and Gissel- Neilsen, G. (1985): Spraying crops with selenium. Acta Agric. Second. 35: 161 – 164.
[35] Turakainen, M.; Hartikainen, H. and Sepänen, M. (2004): Effect of selenium treatments on potato (Solanum luberosum L.) growth concentration of soluble sugars and starch. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 52: 5378 – 5382.
[36] Turakainen, M.; Hartikainen, H.; Ekholm, P., Seppänen M. M. (2006): Distribution of selenium in different biochemical fractions and raw darkening degree of potato (Solanum luberosum L.) tubers supplemented with selenate. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 54: 8617 – 8622.
[37] Wettstein, D. V. C. (1957): Clatale und der Sumbmikro Skopisne Formwechsel de Plastids. Experimental Cell Research, 12: 427.
[38] Wilde, S. A.; Corey, R. B.; Layer, J. G. and Voigt, G. K. (1985): Soils and Plant Analysis for Tree Culture. 3rd Ed. Oxford and IBH publishing Co., New Delhi, India. pp. 529 – 546.
[39] Whanger, P. D. (2002): Selenium pounds in plants and animal and their biological significance. J. of the Amer. College and Nutrition 21: 223 – 232.