Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 31340
A Framework for Vacant City-Owned Land to Be Utilised for Urban Agriculture: The Case of Cape Town, South Africa

Authors: P. S. Van Staden, M. M. Campbell


Vacant City of Cape Town-owned land lying unutilized and -productive could be developed for land uses such as urban agriculture that may improve the livelihoods of low income families. The new City of Cape Town zoning scheme includes an Urban Agriculture zoning for the first time. Unstructured qualitative interviews among town planners revealed their optimism about this inclusion as it will provide low-income residents with opportunities to generate an income. An existing farming community at Philippi, located within the municipal boundary of the city, was approached and empirical data obtained through questionnaires provided proof that urban agriculture could be viable in a coastal metropolitan city such as Cape Town even if farmers only produce for their own households. The lease method proposed for urban agriculture is a usufruct agreement conferring the right to another party, other than the legal owner, to enjoy the use and advantages of the property.

Keywords: Land uses, urban agriculture.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1745


[1] M. J. Cohen & J. L. Garret, "The Food Price Crisis and Urban Food (in) Security”, Environment and Urbanization, 1 (2), 2010, pp. 467 - 486, August.
[2] T. Risky, "Unemployment is a Serious Problem.” The Sowetan, 16 May, 2012, p. 2.
[3] Statssa (Statistics South Africa), Unemployment Statistics. (online). Available from: ult.asp, 2012. (Accessed 30 April).
[4] A. Nazeer, "Agriculture as a Concrete Solution: Cape Town’s Food Garden”. (online). Available from: nourishingtheplanet/philippi-horticulture-area-pha-cape-town-south-africa-cape-town-university-nourishing-the-planet/, 2011, (Accessed 1 May).
[5] C. Kothari, Research Methodology: Research & Techniques. New Delhi: New Age International Publishers, 2004.
[6] R. Peterson, Constructing Effective Questionnaires. California: Sage Publications, 2000.
[7] A. Van Altvorst, K. Andeweg, R. Eweg, H. van Latesteijn, S. Mager and L. Spaans, "Sustainable Agricultural Entrepreneurship”. The Netherlands: TransForum, 2011.
[8] E. Van Leeuwen, P. Nijkamp and T. de Noronha Vaz, T, "The Multifunctional Use of Urban Greenspace”, in Urban Agriculture: Diverse Activities and Benefits for City Society, C. Pearson, S. Pilgrim and J. Pretty, Eds. 8 (1&1),2010, pp. 20-25.
[9] A. Viljoen, Continuous Productive Urban Landscapes. Oxford: Elsevier, 2005.
[10] B. Frayne, "Survival of the Poorest: Migration and Food Security in Namibia” in Agropolis: The Social, Political and Environmental Dimension of Urban Agriculture, L. Mougeot, Ed..London: Bath Press, 2005, pp. 31 – 49.
[11] E. Verwey, "Volhoubaregemeenskapstuine in die Stedelikegebiede van Botshabelo en Rodenbeck”. Thesis (Masters). Bloemfontein: University of the Orange Free State, 1997.
[12] J. Boland, Urban Agriculture: Growing Vegetables in Cities. Wageningen: de Goede Press, 2002.
[13] F. Wolfgang, National Report on the Transfer of Movables in Europe. Munich: European Law Publishers, 2011.
[14] P. Harrison, "Integrated Development Plans and Third Way Politics” in Democracy and Delivery: Urban Policy in South Africa, U. Pillay, R. Tomlinson and J. Du Toit, Eds. Cape Town: HSRC Press, 2006, pp. 186-207.
[15] City of Cape Town, Integrated Development Plan, Cape Town: Government Printer, 2012a.
[16] City of Cape Town, Spatial Development Framework. Cape Town: Government Printer, 2012b.
[17] City of Cape Town, Zoning Scheme to be Implemented (online). Available from: http: // Releases /Pages/Citysnew-zoningschemetobeimplementedfrom1March 2013. aspx, 2013 (Accessed 19 April).
[18] City of Cape Town, "Land Use Management”, City of Cape Town Zoning Scheme Regulations. Cape Town: Government Printers, 2012.
[19] M. Kuruvila, "Urban Farm Crusade Starts to Bear Fruit”. San Francisco Chronicle, 10 January, 2007, p.1.
[20] M. Broadway, "Growing Urban Agriculture in North American Cities”, American Geographical Society’s Focus on Geography, 13 June, 2009, pp. 23 – 30.
[21] Google Earth, Relief (online). Available from:, 2013, (Accessed 4 April).
[22] M. Gorrie, Table Mountain: Alien Specie Invasion. (online). Available from: table_mountain_alien_species_invasion/, 2012, (Accessed 18 June).
[23] R. Beukes, Local Farmer, Private Communication, May 2013.
[24] City of Cape Town and Botanical Society of South Africa, (online), City of Cape Town, Available from: module2/intro.htm (Accessed 7 April 2013), 2007.
[25] S. Mguagi, Local Resident, Private Communication, April 2013.
[26] G. Goosen, Professional Consulting Town Planner, Private Communication, May 2013.
[27] A. Roux, Principle Planner, A Roux Planning, Private Communication, May 2013.
[28] S. de Jager, Town Planner, Spatial Planning Department, City of Cape Town, Private Communication, May 2013.
[29] S. Visser, Chief Planner, Directorate Development Facilitation and Economic Development, City of Cape Town, May 2013.
[30] T. Fourie, Property Valuation Consultant, Private Communication, June 2013.
[31] B. Lessing, Property Valuator, City of Windhoek, Private Communication, June 2013.