Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30077
Simulation of the Performance of the Reforming of Methane in a Primary Reformer

Authors: A. Alkattib, M. Boumaza


Steam reforming is industrially important as it is  incorporated in several major chemical processes including the  production of ammonia, methanol, hydrogen and ox alcohols. Due to  the strongly endothermic nature of the process, a large amount of heat  is supplied by fuel burning (commonly natural gas) in the furnace  chamber. Reaction conversions, tube catalyst life, energy  consumption and CO2 emission represent the principal factors  affecting the performance of this unit and are directly influenced by  the high operating temperatures and pressures.  This study presents a simulation of the performance of the  reforming of methane in a primary reformer, through a developed  empirical relation which enables to investigate the effects of  operating parameters such as the pressure, temperature, steam to  carbon ratio on the production of hydrogen, as well as the fraction of  non converted methane.  It appears from this analysis that the exit temperature Te, the  operating pressure as well the steam to carbon ratio has an important  effect on the reforming of methane.


Keywords: Reforming, methane, performance, hydrogen, parameters.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2094


[1] Appl. M.: Ammonia Principles and Industrial Practice, 1999, Wiley-VCH Ed.
[2] Dunn A.J, Yustos. J, Mujtaba. I. M: Pap – 6th WCCE, Melbourne,2001
[3] Ravi. K, Joshi. Y. K, Dhingra. S. C, Guha. B. K: Chem.Eng.Tech 1989, 12, 358-364.
[4] Singh. C. P, Saraf. D.N; Ind. Eng. Chem, 1979, 12, 1-7.
[5] Freemont Ammonia Plant,
[6] Numaguchi. T, Shoji. K, Yoshida. S: Applied catalyst, 1995, 133, 241-262.
[7] Heinzel. A, Vogel. B, Hubner. P: J of Power Sources, 2002, 105, 202-207.
[8] Rostrup-Nielsen J.R: Catalysis today, 2002, 71, 243-247.
[9] J. M. Smith, H.C Van Ness, M. M. Abott: Introduction to Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics, 7th edition, McGraw-Hill, 2005.
[10] Levent. M, Gunn. D. J, ElBousiffi M.A: I.J of Hydrogen Energy 2003, 28, 945-0959.
[11] Krisha. G, Sievaminathan. J, S. Bangen: Reminant Life Assessment and Microstructural Studies on Service Exposed Primary Reformer Tubes of a Catalytic Converter of an Ammonia Plant, High Temperature Materials and Processing, Vol 31, pp759-767, 2012.
[12] Klaus. N.: Ammonia Plant Capacity Increased by Autothermal Reforming and Dual Pressure Synthesis, 35th Int Conference on Ammonia of Ammonia, Chicago, USA, Sept 2012.
[13] Lee. J. S., Seo. J., Kim, H. Y., Park. S., Lee. Y.; Effects of Geometries on Flow Characteristics and Reforming Performance of a Steam Methane Reformer, Internal Conference on Renewable Energies and Quality Power, Bilbao, Spain, March 2013.
[14] Labanowski. J.: Evaluation of Reformer Tubes Degradation after Long Term Operation, Journal of Achievement in Materials and Manufacturing Engineering, Vol 34, 2010
[15] Jong, A. H. M. Reinders , J. B. Kok, Optimizing a Steam Methane Reformer for Hydrogen Production, Int J Hydrogen Energy, 2009, Vol 34, pp285-92.
[16] G Brun, J. Smyed: Numerical Modeling of Radiative Heat Transfer in an Internal Indirect Reforming Type SOFC, j Power Sources 2008, Vol 181, pp 8-16.
[17] Nist Chemistry Web Book,, http// chemistry fluid, Last Access dec 2012.