A New Self-Tuning Fuzzy PD Controller of a BDFIG for Wind Energy Conversion
This paper presents a new control scheme to control a brushless doubly fed induction generator (BDFIG) using back-to-back PWM converters for wind power generation. The proposed control scheme is a New Self-Tuning Fuzzy Proportional-Derivative Controller (NSTFPDC). The goal of BDFIG control is to achieve a similar dynamic performance to the doubly fed induction generator (DFIG), exploiting the well-known induction machine vector control philosophy. The performance of NSTFPDC controller has been investigated and compared with the two controllers, called Proportional–Integral (PI) and PD-like Fuzzy Logic controller (PD-like FLC) based BDFIG. The simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness and the robustness of the NSTFPDC controller.
Keywords: Brushless Doubly Fed Induction Generator (BDFIG), PI controller, PD-like Fuzzy Logic controller, New Self-Tuning Fuzzy Proportional-Derivative Controller (NSTFPDC), Scaling factor, back-to-back PWM converters, wind energy system.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1090876Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1953
 K. Protsenko and D. Xu, "Modeling and control of brushless doubly fed induction generators in wind energy applications," in Proc. APEC Conference, 2007.
 S. El-Aimani, "Modélisation de différentes technologies d'éoliennes intégrées dans un réseau de moyenne tension," Univ. des Sciences et Technologies de Lille, Thèse de Doctorat, Dec. 2004.
 A.K. Wallace, R. Spee and G.C. Alexander, "The brushless doubly-fed machine: its advantages, applications and design methods," in proc. 6th Inte. Conf. on EMD, 1993.
 S.WiIliamson, A.C. Ferreira and A.K. Wallace, "Generalised theory of the brushless doubly-fed machine. Part I: Analysis," IEE Proc. Electr. Power Appl., Vol. 144, Mar. 1997, pp. 111-122.
 P. C. Roberts," A study of brushless doubly-fed (induction) machines," Thesis of PhD, University of Cambridge, 2004.
 R.A. McMahon, P.C. Roberts, X. Wang and P.J. Tavner, "Performance of BDFM as generator and motor," IEE Proc. Electr. Power Appl., Vol. 153, Mar. 2006, pp. 289-299.
 J. Poza, E. Oyarbide, I. Sarasola, M. Rodriguez, "Unified reference frame dq model of the brushless doubly fed machine," IEE Proc. Electr. Power Appl., Vol. 153, Sep. 2006, pp. 726-734.
 J. Poza, E. Oyarbide, I. Sarasola, M. Rodriguez, "Vector control design and experimental evaluation for the brushless doubly fed machine," IET Electr. Power Appl, Vol. 3, 2009, pp. 247–256.
 S. Shao, E. Abdi, F. Barati and R. McMahon, "Stator-fux-oriented vector control for brushless doubly fed induction generator," IEEE Trans. Ind. Electro., Vol. 56, 2009, pp. 4220-4228.
 I. Sarasola, J. Poza, M. A. Rodriguez and G. Abad, "Direct torque control design and experimental evaluation for the brushless doubly fed machine," Journal of ECM, Vol. 52, 2011, pp. 1226-1234.
 C. C. Lee, "Fuzzy logic in control systems fuzzy logic controller, Part I and Part II" IEEE Trans. On Syeteme. MAN. And Cybernetics, vol. 20, Mar./Apr. 1990, pp. 404-418.
 J. Lee, "On methods for improving performance of pi-type fuzzy logic controllers," IEEE Trans. on fuzzy systems, vol. 1, Nov. 1993, pp. 298-301.
 H. X. Li and H. B. Gatland, "A new methodology for designing a fuzzy logic controller," IEEE Trans. on systems, man, and cybernetics, vol. 25, Mar. 1995, pp. 505-512.
 R. K. Mudi and N. R. Pal, "A robust self-tuning scheme for PI- and PD-type fuzzy controllers," IEEE Trans. on fuzzy systems, vol. 7, Feb. 1999, pp. 2-16.
 S. C. Wang and Y. H. Liu, "A modified PI-like fuzzy logic controller for switched reluctance motor drives," IEEE Trans. On industrial electronics, vol. 58, may 2011, pp. 1812-1825.
 R. R. De, R. K. Mudi and A. K. Pal, "A PD-type self-tuning FLC for second-order systems with dead-time," in Proc. ICACCCT, 2012, pp. 409-413.
 R. Pena, J.C. Clare and G. M. Asher, "Doubly fed induction generator using back-to-back PWM converters and its application to variable speed wind-energy generation," IEE Proc. Electr. Pow. Appl., Vol. 143, 1996, pp. 231–241.
 G. Feng, "A survey on analysis and design of model-based fuzzy control systems," IEEE Trans. on fuzzy systems, vol. 14, Oct 2006, pp. 676-697.
 E. Merabet, H. Amimeur, F. Hamoudi and R. Abdessemed, "Self–tuning fuzzy logic controller for a dual star induction machine," Journal of Electrical Engineering & Technology, Vol. 6, Jan. 2011, pp. 133-138.
 K. Protsenko "Flexible power flow control for brushless doubly fed induction generator," Thesis of M.Sc, Ryerson University, 2003.
 M. Yamamoto and O. Motoyoshi, "Active and reactive power control for doubly-fed wound rotor induction generator," IEEE Trans. on Power Elecronics., VOL 6, Oct. 1991, pp. 624-629.
 Y. Tang and L. Xu, "A flexible active and reactive power control strategy for a variable speed constant frequency generating system," IEEE Trans. On Power Electronics, Vol. 10, July. 1995, pp. 472-478.