Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 31237
Is It Important to Measure the Volumetric Mass Density of Nanofluids?

Authors: Z. Haddad, C. Abid, O. Rahli, O. Margeat, W. Dachraoui, A. Mataoui

Abstract:

The present study aims to measure the volumetric mass density of NiPd-heptane nanofluids synthesized using a one step method known as thermal decomposition of metal-surfactant complexes. The particle concentration is up to 7.55g/l and the temperature range of the experiment is from 20°C to 50°C. The measured values were compared with the mixture theory and good agreement between the theoretical equation and measurement were obtained. Moreover, the available nanofluids volumetric mass density data in the literature is reviewed.

Keywords: Stability, Nanofluids, NiPd nanoparticles, volumetric mass density

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1090825

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2335

References:


[1] Y. Li, J. Zhou, S. Tung, E. Schneider, S. Xi, A review on development of nanofluid preparation and characterization, Powder Technol, vol. 196, pp. 89–101, 2009.
[2] A. Ghadimi, R. Saidur, H.S.C. Metselaar, A review of nanofluid stability properties and characterization in stationary conditions, Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, vol. 54, pp. 4051-4068, 2011.
[3] W. Yu, H. Xie, A review on nanofluids: preparation, stability mechanisms, and applications, J. Nanomater, vol. 2012, pp. 1-17, 2012.
[4] Z. Haddad, C. Abid, H.F. Oztop, A. Mataoui, A review on how the researchers prepare their nanofluids, International Journal of Thermal Sciences, vol. 76, pp. 168-189, 2014.
[5] A.B. Hungría, J.J. Calvino, J.A. Anderson, A. Martínez-Arias, Appl. Catal, vol. B62, pp. 359, 2006.
[6] P. Miegge, J.L. Rousset, B. Tardy, J. Massardier, J.C. Bertolini, J. Catal, vol. 149, pp. 404, 1994.
[7] L. Porte, M. Phaner-Goutorbe, J.M. Guigner, J.C. Bertolini, Surf. Sci, vol. 424, pp. 262, 1999.
[8] S.U. Son et al., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2004, 126, 5026.
[9] A.Bejan, "Convection Heat Transfer”, John Wiley & Sons, 3rd ed, 2004.
[10] N.P.Cheremisinoff, Encyclopedia of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 5, Slurry Flow Technology. Houston, TX: Gulf Publishing, 1986.
[11] B.C. Pak and Y.L. Cho, Hydrodynamic and heat transfer study of dispersed fluids with submicron metallic oxide particles. Exp. Heat Transfer, vol. 11, pp. 151-170, 1998.
[12] C.J. Ho, W.K. Liu, Y.S. Chang, C.C. Lin, Natural convection heat transfer of alumina-water nanofluid in vertical square enclosures: An experimental study, International Journal of Thermal Sciences, vol. 94, pp. 1345-1353, 2010.
[13] S. Ravikanth, S. Vajjha and D.K. Das, Measurements of Specific Heat and Density of AI2O3 Nanofluid, Nanoscopic, and Macroscopic Materials, CPl 063, Me505cop/c.
[14] M. Ali , O. Zeitoun, S. Almotairi, Natural convection heat transfer inside vertical circular enclosure filled with water-based Al2O3 nanofluids, International Journal of Thermal Sciences, vol. 63, pp. 115-124, 2013.
[15] M. Fakoor Pakdaman, M.A. Akhavan-Behabadi, P. Razi, An experimental investigation on thermo-physical properties and overall performance of MWCNT/heat transfer oil nanofluid flow inside vertical helically coiled tubes, Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, vol. 40, pp. 103-111, 2012.
[16] V. Kumaresan, R. Velraj, Experimental investigation of the thermo-physical properties of water–ethylene glycol mixture based CNT nanofluids, Thermochimica Acta, vol. 545, pp. 180-186, 2014.
[17] M.M. Heyhat, F. Kowsary, A.M. Rashidi, S. Alem Varzane Esfehani, A. Amrollahi, Experimental investigation of turbulent flow and convective heat transfer characteristics of alumina water nanofluids in fully developed flow regime, International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer, vol. 39, pp. 1272–1278, 2012.
[18] M. Saeedinia, M.A. Akhavan-Behabadi, P. Ra, Thermal and rheological characteristics of CuO–Base oil nanofluid flow inside a circular tube, International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer, vol. 39, pp. 152–159, 2012.
[19] I.M. Mahbubul, R. Saidura, M.A. Amalina, Thermal conductivity, viscosity and density of R141b refrigerant based Nanofluid, Procedia. Engineering, vol. 56, pp. 310–315, 2013.