Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 31103
Automated Natural Hazard Zonation System with Internet-SMS Warning: Distributed GIS for Sustainable Societies Creating Schema & Interface for Mapping & Communication

Authors: Devanjan Bhattacharya, Jitka Komarkova


The research describes the implementation of a novel and stand-alone system for dynamic hazard warning. The system uses all existing infrastructure already in place like mobile networks, a laptop/PC and the small installation software. The geospatial dataset are the maps of a region which are again frugal. Hence there is no need to invest and it reaches everyone with a mobile. A novel architecture of hazard assessment and warning introduced where major technologies in ICT interfaced to give a unique WebGIS based dynamic real time geohazard warning communication system. A never before architecture introduced for integrating WebGIS with telecommunication technology. Existing technologies interfaced in a novel architectural design to address a neglected domain in a way never done before – through dynamically updatable WebGIS based warning communication. The work publishes new architecture and novelty in addressing hazard warning techniques in sustainable way and user friendly manner. Coupling of hazard zonation and hazard warning procedures into a single system has been shown. Generalized architecture for deciphering a range of geo-hazards has been developed. Hence the developmental work presented here can be summarized as the development of internet-SMS based automated geo-hazard warning communication system; integrating a warning communication system with a hazard evaluation system; interfacing different open-source technologies towards design and development of a warning system; modularization of different technologies towards development of a warning communication system; automated data creation, transformation and dissemination over different interfaces. The architecture of the developed warning system has been functionally automated as well as generalized enough that can be used for any hazard and setup requirement has been kept to a minimum.

Keywords: Geospatial, Warning System, Geohazard, web-based GIS

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1510


[1] Albayrak, O. (2006). "Management and Diffusion of Technology for Disaster Management”. Proceedings Technology Management for the Global Future: Portland International Center for Management of Engineering and Technology, PICMET, 9-13 July, Istanbul, Turkey, 1(1), 1742-1748.
[2] Backhaus, R., Beuleb, B. (2005). Efficiency evaluation of satellite data products in environmental policy, Space Policy, Elsevier, 21(3), 173-183, URL: 4605000482.
[3] Bhattacharya, D., Ghosh, J. K., Boccardo, P., Samadhiya, N. K. (2011). Wireless Hazard Communication System, Journal of Systems and Information Technology, Emerald Publishing (United Kingdom), 13(4), pp. 408-424.
[4] Bhattacharya, D., Ghosh, J. K., 2008. Evaluation of Knowledge Representation Schemes as a Prerequisite toward Development of a Knowledge-Based System, ASCE J. Comp. in Civ. Engg, 22(6), 348-359, URL:
[5] Cioca, M., Cioca, L.I., Buraga, S. C., 2008. SMS Disaster Alert System Programming, Second IEEE International Conference on Digital Ecosystems and Technologies, Phitsanulok Thailand,1(1), 260-264.
[6] Darienzo, M.,Aya, A., Crawford, G. L., Gibbs, D., Whitmore, P. M., Wilde, T., Yanagi, B. S., 2005. Local tsunami warning in the Pacific coastal United States, Natural Hazards, 35(1), 111-119.
[7] Enck, W., Traynor, P., McDaniel, P. and Porta, T. L. (2005), "Exploiting open functionality in SMS-capable cellular networks”, Proceedings of the 12th ACM conference on Computer and communications security, New York, NY, USA, Vol.1, pp. 393-404.
[8] Flax, L. K., Jackson, R. W., Stein, D. N., 2002. Community Vulnerability Assessment Tool Methodology, ASCE Natural Hazards Review, 3(4), 163–176.
[9] Ghosh, J. K., Bhattacharya, D., Boccardo, P. Samadhiya, N. K., 2010. A Landslide Hazard Warning System, ISPRS Technical Commission Symposium VIII, Kyoto, Japan, 1-10, URL: XXXVIII/part8/headline/TS-23/W01OE3_2010030400224 1.pdf.
[10] Ghosh, J. K., Bhattacharya, D., Samadhiya, N. K., 2009. GEOWARNS: A System to Warn Geo-deformation Failure, Procs. FIG Working Week 2009 Surveyors Key Role in Accelerated Development, Eilat, Israel, 1(1), pp. 1-12, available at: papers/ts04b/ts04b_ghosh_bhattacharya_samadhiya_3435.pdf.
[11] Ghosh, J. K., and Bhattacharya, D., 2010. A Knowledge Based Landslide Susceptibility Zonation System, American Soc. of Civ. Eng. Jrnl. of Comp. in Civ. Engg, 24(4), 325-334, available online at:
[12] Ghosh, J.K., Bhattacharya, D., Boccardo, P. and Samadhiya, N. K., 2012, A generalized geo-hazard warning system, Natural Hazards, Springer Netherlands, Accepted: 10 July 2012, published online 21 July 2012, DOI: 10.1007/s11069-012-0296-0.
[13] Guzzetti, F., Cardinali, M., and Reichenbach, P.: The AVI Project: A bibliographical and archive inventory of landslides and floods in Italy, Environmental Management, 18, 623–633, 1994.
[14] Kannel. (2010). "Kannel: Open Source WAP and SMS gateway”, The Kannel Group, URL:
[15] McGinley, M., Bennet, D., Turk, A., 2006. Design criteria for public emergency warning systems, Procs. of the 3rd International ISCRAM Conference, Newark, NJ (USA), available at: dmdocuments/S2_T1_4_McGinley_etal.pdf.
[16] McLoughlin, D., 1985. A framework for integrated emergency management, Public Administration Review, 45 (1/3), 165-172, available at:
[17] Montanari, M., Mehrotra, S., Venkatasubramanian, N., 2007. Architecture for an Automatic Customized Warning System, IEEE Conf. on Intelligence and Security Informatics, New Brunswick, NJ, 1(1), 32 – 39.
[18] Montoya L., "Geo-data acquisition through mobile GIS and digital video: an urban disaster managementperspective”, Environmental Modelling& Software, Vol. 18, No. 10, (2003), pp 869-876.
[19] Pries, R., Hobfeld, T. Gia, P. T., 2006. On the Suitability of the Short Message Service for Emergency Warning Systems, Proc. IEEE 63rd Vehicular Technology Conference, Melbourne, Australia, 2(1), pp. 991 – 995.
[20] Roy, D. K. (2009). "SATCOM - Early warning system for landslides”, Electronics for You, issue dated January 2009, pp. 128–138, available at : http://efylinux/efyhome/cover/January2009/Landslide-Monitoring.pdf.
[21] Samarajiva, R., 2005. Mobilizing information and communications technologies for effective disaster warning: lessons from the 2004 tsunami, New Media and Society, 7(6), 731-747.
[22] Siddiqui, A., 2005,Web‐GIS applications in Disaster Management ‐ application to the Tsunami , National Seminar on GIS application in Rural Development with focus on Disaster Management, Hyderabad, March 9‐11, 2005, URL: crp514/Lectures/9%20-%20Web-GIS.pdf
[23] Tobita, J., Fukuwa, N., and M. Mori, 2009, Integrated Disaster Simulator using WebGIS and its Application to Community Disaster Mitigation Activities, Journal of Natural Disaster Science, 30(2), pp. 71-82, URL:
[24] Wang, Y., 2002. Mapping Extent of Floods: What We Have Learned and How We Can Do Better, ASCE Natural Hazards Review, 3(2), 68–73.
[25] Waidyanatha, N., Gow, G. and Anderson, P. (2007), "Hazard Warnings in Sri Lanka: Challenges of Internetworking with Common Alerting Protocol”, 4th International ISCRAM Conference, Delft, the Netherlands, Vol. 1 No. 1, pp. 281 – 293.
[26] Xu, W. and Zlatanova, S. (2007). "Ontologies for Disaster Management”, Geomatics Solutons for Disaster Management, Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography, Springer-Verlag Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 185-200, URL: html/refer/ps/WX_SZ_2007.pdf.
[27] Yang, M. D., Lin, C. C., Chen, S. C. and T. C. Su, 2007, A Web-GIS Disaster Management System Applied in Central Taiwan, 2nd International Conference on Urban Disaster Reduction November 27~29, 2007, URL: 5_1_5.pdf
[28] Zhou, C.H., Lee, C.F., Li, J., Xu, Z.W., 2002.On the spatial relationship between landslides and causative factors, Geomorphology, 43(1), 197– 207.