State of Human Factors in Small Manufacturing Sectors of India
Utmost care of human related issues are essentially required for sustainable growth of micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) of India, as these MSMEs are contributing enormously to socio-economic development of country. In this research, aspects related to human factors and functioning of MSMEs of India were studied. The investigation, based on a survey of 84 MSMEs of India cited that the enterprises are mostly employing unskilled labor whose wages are less with poor training. In spite of reported minor accidents, attention towards safety is poorly paid. To meet-out the production target, MSMEs generally employ over-time and payment towards this overtime is sometimes missing. Hence, honest and humanitarian attention for better human resources is needed to improve the performance and competitiveness of MSMEs of India.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1090769Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2094
 S. S. Acharya, "Innovative MSMEs Financing To manage and balance growth targets, capital requirements and achieving higher profitability”, Compendium 12 Test Layout 1 Dated October 11, 2012, pp. 013-016, 2012.
 A. M. N. Rose, B. Md. Deros, M. N. Ab. Rahman, and N. Nordin, "Lean manufacturing best practices in SMEs”, Proceedings of the 2011 International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, January 22-24, 2011, pp. 872- 877, 2011.
 SMEs in European Union (EU) in 2012: at the crossroads, Annual report on small and medium-sized enterprises in the EU, 2011/12, http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/policies/sme/facts-figures-analysis/performance-review/files/ supporting-documents/2012/annual-report_en.pdf (Accessed on February 14, 2013).
 Small Business Statistics, issued by Federation of Small Business, UK, http://www.fsb.org.uk/stats (Assessed on February 16, 2013).
 Economic Survey (2010-2011): Government of India, http://indiabudget.nic.in/es2010-11/echap-09.pdf (Accessed on February 14, 2013).
 Annual Report 2011-2012, issued by Ministry of MSMEs, Government of India, http://msme.gov.in/MSME-Annual-Report-2011-12-English.pdf (Accessed on February 14, 2013).
 C. Harvie, "The contribution of SMEs in the economic transition of Vietnam”, Journal of International Business and Entrepreneurship Development, Vol.2, No.2, pp.1-16, 2004.
 H. Romijn, "Technology support for small-scale Industry in Developing countries: A review of concepts and project practices”, Oxford Development Studies, Vol. 29, No.1, pp.57-76, 2004.
 B. Singh, R. Narain, and R. C. Yadav, "Adoption of advance manufacturing technologies in micro, small and medium enterprises of India”, International Journal of Indian Culture and Business Management, Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 24-52, 2013.
 B. Singh, R. Narain, R. and R. C. Yadav, "Identifying critical barriers in the growth of Indian Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs)”, International Journal of Business Competition and Growth, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 84–105, 2012.
 D. Tarka, "High-growth Micro Enterprises: Managing the risk aspects of enterprise growth”, International conference on Innovation / Business Education and Entrepreneurial Training, London, April 4-5, 2004, pages 1-18, (http://18.104.22.168/eps/mic/papers/0403/0403004.pdf) (Accessed on March 03, 2011), 2004.
 J. Yang, "Small and Medium Enterprises (SME) adjustments to Information Technology (IT) in Trade Facilitation : The South Korean Experience”, Asia-Pasific Research and Training Network on Trade, No. 61, pp. 01-39, 2009.
 Performance of MSMEs in Japan, A report from the Economist Intelligence Unit entitled ‘SMEs in Japan: A new growth driver?’ (2010), http://viewswire.eiu.com/report_dl.asp?mode=fi&fi= 1227698307. PDF&rf=0 (Accessed on February 27, 2011).
 Currency Calculator; http://www.x-rates.com/calculator.html (Accessed on January 18, 2014).
 K. Kishore, M. Majumdar, and V. Kiran, "Innovative HR strategies for SMEs”, IOSR Journal of Business and Management, Vol-2, No.6, pp. 01-08, 2012.
 J. S. V. G. Sarma, "A Study on significance of job satisfaction and commitment of employees in Small Scale Industries”, IOSR Journal of Business and Management, Vol-2, No.6, pp. 45-52, 2012.
 D. Challis, D. Samson, and B. Lawson, (2002) ‘Integrated manufacturing, employee and business performance: Australian and New Zealand evidence’, International Journal of Production Research, Vol. 40, No. 8, pp. 1941-1964.
 R.A. Reid, (2006) ‘Productivity and quality improvement: an implementation framework’, International Journal of Productivity and Quality Management, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 26-36.
 K. Demeter, and K. Kolos, (2009) ‘Marketing, manufacturing and logistics: an empirical examination of their joint effect on company performance’, International Journal of Manufacturing Technology and Management, Vol. 16, No. 3, pp. 215-233.
 O. Broberg, (2007) ‘Integrating Ergonomics Into Engineering: Empirical Evidence and Implications for the Ergonomists’, Human Factors and Ergonomics in Manufacturing, Vol. 17, No. 4, pp. 353-366.
 C. A. Chung, (1996) ‘Human issues influencing the successful implementation of advanced manufacturing technology’, Journal of Engineering and Technology Management, Vol. 13, pp. 283-299.
 J. A. Farris, E. M. V. Aken, T. L. Doolen, and J. Worley, (2009) ‘Critical success factors for human resources outcomes in Kaizen events: An empirical study’, International Journal of Production Economics, Vol. 117, pp. 42-65
 A. Mital, A. Pennathur , R. L. Huston, D. Thompson, M. Pittman, D. B. Kaber, L. Crumpton, R. R. Bishu, K. P. Rajurkar, V. Rajan, J. E. M. McMulkin, S. Deivanayagam, P. S. Ray, and D. Sule, (1999) ‘The need for worker training in advanced manufacturing technology (AMT) environments: a white paper’, International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics’, Vol. 24, pp. 173-184.
 A. Sohal, D. Samson, and P. Weill, (1991) ‘Manufacturing and technology strategy : a survey of planning for AMT’, Computer-Integrated Manufacturing System, Vol. 4, No. 2, pp. 71-79.
 M. Iqbal S. A. Iqbal, A. N. M. Rahman, and A. H. M. Samsuzzoha, (2011) ‘Ergonomics and Design’, International conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, January 22-24, 2011, pp. 845-851.
 K. V. Sambasivarao, and S. G. Deshmukh, (1995) ‘Selection and implementation of advanced manufacturing technologies’, International Journal of Operations and Production Management, Vol. 15, No. 10, pp.43-62.
 B. S. Klaas, M. Klimchak, M. Semadeni, and J. J. Holmes, (2010) ‘The adoption of human capital services by small and medium enterprises: A diffusion of innovation perspective’, Journal of Business Venturing, Vol. 25, pp. 349-60.
 B. Harney, and T. Dundon, (2006) ‘Capturing complexity: developing an integrated approach to analyzing HRM in SMEs’, Human Resource Management Journal, Vol. 16, No. 1, pp. 48-73
 M. R. A. Rani, M. A. Sinclair, and K. Case, (2000) ‘Human mismatches and preferences for automation’, International Journal of Production Research, Vol. 38, No. 17, pp. 4033-4039.
 A. Mital, and A. Pennathur, (2004) ‘Advanced technologies and humans in manufacturing workplaces: an interdependent relationship’, International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, Vol. 33, pp. 295-313.
 S. E. Fawcett, and M. B. Myers, "Product and employee development in advanced manufacturing: implementation and impact”, International Journal of Production and Research, Vol.39, No.1, pp.65-79, 2001.
 H. Singh, and J. S. Khamba, "Evaluating the barriers for Enhancing the Utilization Level of Advanced Manufacturing Technologies (AMTs) in Indian Manufacturing Industry”, http://www.iiis.org/CDs2008/ CD2009SCI/IMETI2009/ PapersPdf/F565XC.pdf (Accessed on February 25, 2013), 2008.
 D. J. Robb, and B. Xie, "A survey of manufacturing strategies in China-based enterprises”, International Journal of Production Economics, Vol. 72, pp. 181-199, 2001.