Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 31795
A Structural Equation Model of Knowledge Management Based On Organizational Climate in Universities

Authors: F. Nazem, M. Mozaiini, A. Seifi


The purpose of the present study was to provide a structural model of knowledge management in universities based on organizational climate. The population of the research included all employees of Islamic Azad University (IAU). The sample consisted of 1590 employees selected using stratified and cluster random sampling method. The research instruments were two questionnaires which were administered in 78 IAU branches and education centers: Sallis and Jones’s (2002) Knowledge Management Questionnaire (α= 0.97); and Latwin & Stringer’s (1968) Organizational Climate Questionnaire (α= 0.83). The results of path analysis using LISREL software indicated that dimensions of organizational climate had a direct effect on knowledge management with the indices of 0.94. The model also showed that the factor of support in organizational climate had the highest direct effect on the knowledge management.

Keywords: Knowledge management, Organizational climate, Structural model, Universities.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2093


[1] J.D. Politis, "The relationship of various leadership styles to knowledge management, Leadership & Organization Development Journal,” vol. 22, no. 8, pp. 354-364, 2001.
[2] R. M. Grant, "Toward a knowledge-based theory of the firm,” Strategic Management Journal, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 109-22, 1996.
[3] K. E. Sveiby, The new organizational wealth: Managing and measuring knowledge- based assets. San Francisco: Barrett- Koehler Publishers, 1997.
[4] T. W. Brailford, "Building a knowledge community at Hallmark Cards,” Research Technology Management. vol. 44, no. 5, pp. 18-25, 2001.
[5] E. Sallis, and G. Jones, "Knowledge management in education”, London, Kogan page Limited, 2002
[6] D. F. Davis and J. T. Mentzer, "Organizational climate, knowledge management, and performance”: An integrative framework, American Marketing Association, Conference Proceedings, Chicago, vol. 13 Pg.298, 2002.
[7] W. L. French. F. E. Kast, and J. E. Rosenzwieg, "Understanding Human Behavior in Organization”. --- Harper and Row 1985.
[8] G. P. Boulden, "Productivity Linked to Profitability: The Basis for Improved Work Life. In Better Quality of Work Life through Productivity: International Productivity Congress” (pp.69-70). Tokyo: Asian Productivity Organizations1992.
[9] R. G. Owens, "Organizational Behavior in Education”. 4th Ed. Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon, 1991.
[10] R. M. Steers, "Organizational effectiveness. A Behavioral View”: Santa Monica, CA: Good Year Publishing, 1977.
[11] G. H. Litwin, and R. A. Stringer, Jr., Motivation and Organizational Climate. USA: Harvard University Press, 1968.
[12] C. J. Chen, and J. W. Huang, "How organizational climate and structure affect knowledge management, the social interaction perspective,” International Journal of Information Management, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 104, 2007.
[13] C. J. Chen, J. W. Huang, and Y. C. Hsiao, "Knowledge management and innovativeness, the role of organizational climate and structure,” International Journal of Manpower, vol. 31, no. 8, pp. 848, 2010.
[14] B. D. Janz, and P. Prasarnphanich, "Understanding the antecedents of effective knowledge management: the importance of a knowledge- centered culture,” Decision Sciences, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 351-384, 2003.
[15] M. H. Zack, "Developing a knowledge strategy,” California Management Review, vol. 40, no. 4, pp. 45-56, 1990.
[16] J. H. Lee, Y. G., Kim, and M. Y. Kim, "Effects of managerial drivers and climate maturity on knowledge management performance: Empirical validation,” Information Resources Management Journal, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 48-60, 2006.
[17] G. W. Bock, R. W. Zmud, Y. G. Kim, and J. N. Lee, "Behavioral intention formation in knowledge sharing: Examining the roles of extrinsic motivators, social-psychological forces, and organizational climate,” MIS Quarterly, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 87-111, 2005.
[18] J. S. Brown, and P. Duguid, "Organizing knowledge,” California Management Review, vol. 40, no. 3, pp. 90-109, 1998.
[19] D. A. Klein, "The strategic management of intellectual capital: An introduction,” in The Strategic Management of Intellectual Capital, D. Klein, Ed. Boston: Butterworth-Heinenmann, 1998, pp. 1-19.
[20] T. A. Peachey, "An examination of the effects of cultural, climate, structural, and technological factors on knowledge management effectiveness,” (Ph.D. Dissertation). Aubur University, 2006.
[21] A. Durcikova, "The role of organizational climate in the use of knowledge management systems to support problem-solving,” (Ph. D. Dissertation, Abstract). University of Pittsburgh, 2004.
[22] T. M. Koulopoulos, and C. Frappaolo, Smart things to know about knowledge management. Oxford, U K: Capstone Publishing Limited, 2000.
[23] A. C Inkpen, Creating knowledge through collaboration, California Management Review, 39(1), 123- 140H,1996.
[24] K. Wigg, Knowledge management foundations, Vols. 1, 2 and 3. Texas: Schema Press, 1993.
[25] Y. Lee, "Department chair’s perceptions of knowledge management strategies in colleges of education: Measurement of performance by organizational factors,” (Ph.D. Dissertation, Abstract). Northern Illinois University, USA, 2007.