Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30999
Effect of TEOS Electrospun Nanofiber Modified Resin on Interlaminar Shear Strength of Glass Fiber/Epoxy Composite

Authors: Dattaji K. Shinde, Ajit D. Kelkar


Interlaminar shear strength (ILSS) of fiber reinforced polymer composite is an important property for most of the structural applications. Matrix modification is an effective method used to improve the interlaminar shear strength of composite. In this paper, EPON 862/w epoxy system was modified using Tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) electrospun nanofibers (ENFs) which were produced using electrospinning method. Unmodified and nanofibers modified resins were used to fabricate glass fiber reinforced polymer composite (GFRP) using H-VARTM method. The ILSS of the Glass Fiber Reinforced Polymeric Composites (GFRP) was investigated. The study shows that introduction of TEOS ENFs in the epoxy resin enhanced the ILSS of GFRPby 15% with 0.6% wt. fraction of TEOS ENFs.

Keywords: electrospun nanofibers, H-VARTM, matrix modification, interlaminar shear strength (ILSS)

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2917


[1] Millerschin E. The rise of composites in the automotive market. Comp Fabr 1999:40–2.
[2] Bolick, R.L., Ph.D. Thesis, "A comparative study of unstitched, stitched, and z-pinned plain woven composites under fatigue loading”. North Carolina A & T State University, 2005.
[3] M. V. Hosur, U. K. Vaidya, C. Ulven, and S. Jeelani, "Performance of stitched/unstitched woven carbon/epoxy composites under high velocity impact loading”, Composite Structures 64, 455-466, 2004.
[4] Whitney, J. M., and C. E. Browning. "On short-beam shear tests for composite materials." Experimental Mechanics 25.3 (1985): 294-300.
[5] Chandrasekaran, V. C. S., S. G. Advani, and M. H. Santare. "Role of processing on interlaminar shear strength enhancement of epoxy/glass fiber/multi-walled carbon nanotube hybrid composites." Carbon 48.13 (2010): 3692-3699.
[6] Fan ZH, Santare MH, Advani SG. "Interlaminar shear strength of glass fiber reinforced epoxy composites enhanced with multi-walled carbon nanotubes”. Compos Pt A – ApplSciManuf 2008; 39:540–54.
[7] Gojny, Florian H., et al. "Influence of nano-modification on the mechanical and electrical properties of conventional fibre-reinforced composites." Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing 36.11 (2005): 1525-1535.
[8] Bekyarova, E., et al. "Multiscale carbon nanotube-carbon fiber reinforcement for advanced epoxy composites." Langmuir 23.7 (2007): 3970-3974.
[9] Rosselli, F., and M. H. Santare. "Comparison of the short beam shear (SBS) and interlaminar shear device (ISD) tests." Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing 28.6 (1997): 587-594.
[10] Estrada, Gonzalo, Celine Vieux-Pernon, and Suresh G. Advani. "Experimental characterization of the influence of tackifier material on preform permeability." Journal of composite materials 36.19 (2002): 2297-2310.
[11] Hossain, Mohammad Kamal, et al. "Effects of carbon nanofibers (CNFs) on thermal and interlaminar shear responses of E-glass/polyester composites." Composites Part B: Engineering 44.1 (2013): 313-320.
[12] Liu, Yu, et al. "Role of matrix modification on interlaminar shear strength of glass fibre/epoxy composites." Composites Part B: Engineering 43.1 (2012): 95-98.
[13] D. Shinde, E. Kimbro, R. Mohan, and A. Kelkar, "Mechanical properties of woven fiberglass Composite interleaved with glass nanofibers.” The 19th international conference on composite materials ICCM19, 28 July to 2 August 2013, Montreal, Canada, pp. 6767-78.
[14] Formhals, Anton. "Process and apparatus fob pbepabing." U.S. Patent No. 1,975,504. 2 Oct. 1934.
[15] Kelkar A. D., Mohan R. V., Bolick R. L., Shendokar S. M., "Effect of nanoparticles and nanofibers on Mode I fracture toughness of fiber glass reinforced polymeric matrix composites.” Materials Science and Engineering B. Vol. 168, (2010), Pg. 85 – 89.
[16] Shendokar S. M., Kelkar A. A., Bolick Ron "Effect of electrospun nanofibers on mechanical properties of Epon 862-W.” The 18th Annual International Conference on Composites/NanoEngineering, Anchorage, Alaska, USA, July 4 – 10, 2010
[17] Li, Gang, et al. "Interface correlation and toughness matching of phosphoric acid functionalized Kevlar fiber and epoxy matrix for filament winding composites." Composites Science and Technology 68.15 (2008): 3208-3214.
[18] Aktas, L., and M. C. Altan. "Effect of nanoclay content on properties of glass–waterborne epoxy laminates at low clay loading." Materials Science and Technology 26.5 (2010): 626-629.
[19] Mallick PK. Fiber reinforced composites: materials, manufacturing, and design 2nd ed. New York: M. Dekker, Inc; 1993 (p. 243–244).
[20] Subramaniyan AK, Sun CT. "Enhancing compressive strength of unidirectional polymeric composites using nanoclay”. Composite: Part A 2006; 37:2257–68.