Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30054
On the Allopatry of National College Entrance Exam in China: The Root, Policy and Strategy

Authors: Shi Zhang

Abstract:

This paper aims to introduce the allopatry of national college entrance examination which allow migrant students enter senior high schools and take college entrance exam where they live, identifies the reasons affect the implementation of this policy in the Chinese context. Most of China’s provinces and municipalities recently have announced new policies regarding national college entrance exams for non-local students. The paper conducts SWOT analysis reveals the opportunities, strength, weakness and challenges of the scheme, so as to discuss the implementation strategies from the perspectives of idea and institution. The research findings imply that the government should take a more positive attitude toward relaxing the allopatry of NCEE policy restrictions, and promote the reform household registration policy and NCEE policy with synchronous operations. Higher education institutions should explore the diversification of enrollment model; the government should issue the authority of universities and colleges to select elite migrant students beyond the restrictions of NCEE. To suit reform policies to local conditions, the big cities such as Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou should publish related compensate measures for children of migrant workers access to higher vocational colleges with tuition fee waivered. 

Keywords: College entrance examination, higher education, education policy, education equality.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1089617

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References:


[1] Massive expansion of university rolls causes problems for China. http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/200706/06/eng20070606_381598.htm. June 06, 2007.
[2] ZHAI Yueling., "On the Root of the Immigration Policy of Entrance Exam in the university” in China Higher Education Research, 2012. Vol. 7, pp. 25–29.
[3] Web source: http://www.ebeijing.gov.cn/BeijingInformation.
[4] Web source: http://www.gov.cn/zwgk/2013-01/04/content_2275996.htm
[5] XIAO Jun-fei, LIU Da-wei. "SWOT Analysis of Allopatric College Entrance Exam: Feasibility and Implementation Strategies” in Fudan Education Forum 2012. Vol.10. No.6, pp 70-73.