Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 31743
Effects of Macrophyte Vallisneria asiatica Biomasses on the Algae Community

Authors: Caixia Kang, Takahiro Kuba, Aimin Hao, Yasushi Iseri, Chunjie Li, Zhenjia Zhang


To improve the water quality of lakes and control algae blooms, the effects of Vallisneria asiatica which is one of aquatic plants spread over Lake Taihu, with different biomasses on the water quality and algae communities were researched. The results indicated that V. asiatica could control an excess of Microcystis spp. when the V. asiatica biomass was larger than 50g in the tank with 30L solution in the laboratory. Planktonic and epiphytic algae responded differently to V. asiatica. The presence of macrophyte V. asiatica in eutrophic waters has a positive effect on algae compositions because of different sensitivities of algae species to allelopathic substances released by macrophyte V. asiatica. That is, V. asiatica could inhibit the growth of Microcystis spp. effectively and was benefited to the diatom on the condition in the laboratory.

Keywords: Algae bloom, algae community, Microcystis spp., Vallisneria asiatica.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1701


[1] L.Guo, "Doing battle with the green monster of Lake Taihu,” Science, vol. 317, pp. 11–66, 2007.
[2] B. Qin, P. Xu, Q. Wu, L. Luo and Y. Zhang, "Environmental issues of Lake Taihu, China,” Hydrobiologia, vol. 581, pp. 13–14, 2007.
[3] J. He, X. H. Gu and G. F. Liu, "Aquatic macrophytes in East Lake Taihu and its interaction with water environment,” LakeScience, vol. 20, no.6, pp. 790–795, 2008. (in Chinese)
[4] A. M. Hao, Y. Iseri, Y. X. Liu, M. Y. Zhang, Z. J. Zhang and T. Kuba, "Interaction of biota and water environment in Lake Taihu,” in The 4th International Symposium on the East Asian Environmental Problems, Shang Hai, China, Sep.13-14, 2010,pp. 173–178.
[5] N. Takamura, Y. Kadono, M. Fukushima, M. Nakagawa and B. H. O. Kim, "Effects of aquatic macrophytes on water quality and phytoplankton communities in shallow lakes,” Ecological Research, vol.18, pp. 381-395, 2003.
[6] X. Z. Sun, The flora of China(Book style). Science Press, Beijing, pp. 176–186, 1992.
[7] 西澤一俊, 千原光雄,藻類研究法(Book style).共立出版, 1979.(in Japanese)
[8] T. Hanazato, "Interrelations between blue-green algae and zooplankton in eutrophic lakes - a review,” Japanese Journal of Limnology, vol. 50, no.1, pp. 53–67, 1989.
[9] X. D. Wang, B. Q. Qin, H. Gao, Y. P. Wang, X. M. Tang and T. Otten, "Phytoplankton community from Lake Taihu, China, has dissimilar responses to inorganic and organic nutrients,” Journal of Environmental Sciences, vol. 22, no.10, pp. 1491–1499, 2010.
[10] C.J.Gobler, D. A. Hutchins, N. S. Fisher, E. M. CosperandS. A. Sañudo-Wilhelmy, "Release and bioavailability of C, N, P, Se, and Fe following viral lysis of a marine chrysophyte,” Limnology and Oceanography, vol. 42, pp. 1492–1504, 1997.
[11] V. Enoksson, "Nutrient recycling by coastal sediments: effects of added algal material,” Marine Ecology Progress Series, vol. 92, pp. 245–254, 1993.
[12] X. J. Sun, B. Q. Qin and G. W. Zhu, "Release of colloidal phosphorus, nitrogen and organic carbon in the course of dying and decomposing of cyanobacteria,” China Environmental Science, vol. 27, pp. 341–345, 2007.
[13] W. X. Wang and L. D. Guo, "Production of colloidal organic carbon and trace metals by phytoplankton decomposition,” Limnology and Oceanography, vol. 46, pp. 278–286, 2001.
[14] S. Wium-Andersen, C. Christophersen and G. Houen, "Allelopathic effects on phytoplankton by substances isolated from aquatic macrophytes (Charales),”Oikos, vol. 39, pp. 187–190, 1982.
[15] H. Molisch, Der Einflusseiner Pflanze auf die Anderd, Allelopathie (Book style).Fischer, Jena, Germany. 1937.
[16] G. W. Saunders, Organic matter and decomposers (Book style). In E. D. Le Crenand R. H. McConnel (eds), The Functioning of Freshwater Ecosystems. IBP, 22.Cambridge University Press, pp. 341–392, 1980.
[17] P. Schriver, J. Bogestrand, E. Jeppesen and M. SØndergaard, "Impact of submerged macrophytes on fish-zooplankton-phytoplankton interactions: large-scale enclosure experiments in a shallow eutrophic lake,” Freshwater Biology, vol. 33, pp. 255–270, 1995.
[18] Q. M. Xian, H. D. Chen, H. X. Zou, D. Q. Yin, H. J. Gong and L. J. Qu, "Allelopathic effects of four submerged macrophytes on Microcystis aeruginosa,” Lake Science, vol. 17, no.1, pp. 75–80, 2005. (In Chinese).
[19] J. Huiaman, J. Sharples, J. M. Stroom, P. M. Visser, W. E. A. Kardinaal, J. M. H. Verspagen and B. Sommeijer, "Changes in turbulent mixing shift competition for light between phytoplankton species,” Ecology, vol. 85, no.11, pp. 2960–2970, 2004.
[20] E. M. Gross, D. E. Rhard and E. I. Vanyi, "Allelopathic activity of Ceratophyllum demersum L. and Najas marina ssp. intermedia (Wolfgang ) Casper,” Hydrobiologia,vol. 506,pp. 583–589,2003
[21] I. Jasser, "The influence of macrophytes on a phytoplankton community in experimental conditions,” Hydrobiologia, vol. 306, pp. 21–32, 1995.
[22] Z. A. Mohamed and A. M. A.Shehri, "Differential responses of epiphytic and planktonic toxic cyanobacteria to allelopathic substances of the submerged macrophyte stratiotesaloides,” International Review Hydrobiology, vol. 95, pp. 224–234, 2010.
[23] S.HILT, "Allelopathic inhibition of epiphytes by submerged macrophytes,” Aquatic Botany, vol. 485,pp. 252–256,2006
[24] T. Sekiya, K. Takeya, Y. Amano and M. Machida, "Effects of N/P ratio and temperature on the competitive growth between Microcystis aeruginosa and Cyclotella sp.,” Journal of Japan Society on Water Environment, vol. 33, no.11, pp. 175–179, 2010.
[25] E. V. Donk and W. J. V.D. Bund. "Impact of submerged macrophytes including charophytes on phyto- and zooplankton communities: allelopathy versus other mechanisms,” Aquatic Botany, vol. 72, pp. 261–274, 2002.
[26] R. D. Robarts and T. Zohary, "Temperature effects on photosynthetic capacity, respiration, and growth rates of bloom-forming cyanobacteria,” New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, vol. 21, pp. 391–399, 1987.
[27] H. M. Cheng and B. S. Qin, "Cyanobacterial gas vesicles and their regulation on the vertical distribution of cyanobacteria in water body,” Plant Physiology Communications, vol. 42, no.5, pp. 974–980, 2006.
[28] J. Shapiro, "Blue-green algae: why they become dominant,” Science, vol. 179, pp. 382–384, 1973.
[29] M. Watanabe and K. Harada, "Toxic water bloom of blue-green algae: biological and chemical characteristics,” Japanese Journal of Limnology, vol. 54, no.3, pp. 225–243, 1993.
[30] W. Zhu, L. Wanand L. F. Zhao, "Effect of nutrient level on phytoplankton community structure in different water bodies,” Journal of Environmental Sciences, vol. 22, no.1, pp. 32–39, 2010.