Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 32131
Street Network in Bandung City, Indonesia: Comparison between City Center and New Commercial Area

Authors: Siska Soesanti, Norihiro Nakai


Bandung city center can be deemed as economic, social and cultural center. However the city center suffers from deterioration. The retail activities tend to shift outward the city center. Numerous idyllic residences changed into business premises in two villages situated in the north part of the city during 1990s, especially after a new highway and flyover opened. According to space syntax theory, the pattern of spatial integration in the urban grid is a prime determinant of movement patterns in the system. The syntactic analysis results show the flyover has insignificant influence on street network in the city center. However the flyover has been generating a major difference in the new commercial area since it has become relatively as strategic as the city center. Besides street network, local government policy, rapid private motorization and particular condition of each site also played important roles in encouraging the current commercial areas to flourish.

Keywords: City center, commercial area, space syntax, street network.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1683


[1] Cutini, V, (2001), Centrality and Land Use: Three Case Studies on the Configurational Hypothesis, Cybergeo : European Journal of Geography. Available:, 2001 (viewed 5th Dec 2009)
[2] Van Nes, Centrality and Economic Development in the Rijnland Region: social and spatial concept of centrality, Proceedings, 6th International Space Syntax Symposium, Istanbul, 2007, (015)1-15.
[3] Hillier, B, (1998), The Common Language of Space: a Way of Looking at the Social, Economic and Environmental Functioning of Cities on a Common Basis. Available: commonlang.html (viewed 10th Dec 2009).
[4] Hillier, B, (1999). 'Centrality as a Process: Accounting for Attraction Inequalities in Deformed Grids', Urban Design International, 4(3 & 4), 107-127.
[5] Arifah, E.N, (2008), Sepenggal kisah FO di jalan Otten (The story of factory outlets on Otten street), Detik Bandung. Available: gal-kisah-fo-di-jalan-otten (viewed 13th Feb 2009).
[6] Damai Insan Citra, Spatcom Bandung Map, Bandung, 2006.
[7] Suganda, H, Jendela Bandung Pengalaman Bersama Kompas (Window of Bandung an Experience with Kompas), Kompas, Jakarta, 2007.
[8] Hillier, B. et al, Natural Movement: or, configuration and attraction in urban pedestrian movement. Environment and Planning B, 20, 1993, pp. 29 - 66.
[9] Hillier, B, Space is the Machine, Cambridge University Space, 1996.
[10] Hillier, B, Cities as Movement Economies, Urban Design International, 1(1),1996, pp. 41-60.
[11] Hillier, B. and Hanson, J, Social Logic of Space, Cambridge University Space, 1984.
[12] Voskuil, R.P.G.A, Bandung citra sebuah kota (Bandung the image of a city), Departemen Planologi ITB, Bandung, 2007.
[13] Mitsubishi Research Institute (2009) Study on the Project for the Development of Gedebage New Town, Bandung City, through Public-Private Partnerships, Republic of Indonesia, Available: aiyou_12e.pdf (viewed 13th Feb 2010).
[14] Susanto, H. and Rini, E.S, (2009), Perlu belajar dari Jepang (Must learn from Japan), Available: mengapa_jumlah_motor_meledak (viewed 15th Feb 2010).
[15] Kompas, (2007), Makin sesaknya Parisj van Java (The Paris of Java increasingly crowded), Available: 2007/09/ makin-sesaknya-parisj-van-java.html (viewed 15th Feb 2010).