Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 32145
Unsteady Aerodynamics of Multiple Airfoils in Configuration
Abstract:A potential flow model is used to study the unsteady flow past two airfoils in configuration, each of which is suddenly set into motion. The airfoil bound vortices are modeled using lumped vortex elements and the wake behind the airfoil is modeled by discrete vortices. This consists of solving a steady state flow problem at each time-step where unsteadiness is incorporated through the “zero normal flow on a solid surface" boundary condition at every time instant. Additionally, along with the “zero normal flow on a solid surface" boundary condition Kelvin-s condition is used to compute the strength of the latest wake vortex shed from the trailing edge of the airfoil. Location of the wake vortices is updated at each time-step to get the wake shape at each time instant. Results are presented to show the effect of airfoil-airfoil interaction and airfoil-wake interaction on the aerodynamic characteristics of each airfoil.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1073156Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1853
 Seiler, P., Pant, A. and Hedrick, K. "Analysis of bird formations", Proceedings of 41st IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, December 2002.
 Poore, S. O., Sanchez-Heiman, A. and Goslow, G. E. Jr., "Aircraft upstroke and evolution of flapping flight", Nature, Vol 387, pp 799-802, June 1997.
 Steven Hoa, Hany Nassefa, Nick Pornsinsirirakb, Yu-Chong Taib, Chih- Ming Hoa, "Unsteady aerodynamics and flow control for flapping wing flyers", Progress in Aerospace Sciences, 39, 635-681, 2003.
 Bangash, Z. A., Sanchez, R. P. and Ahmed, A., "Aerodynamics of Formation Flight, Journal of Aircraft", Vol 43, No. 4, pp 907-912, July- August 2006.
 Vachon M., Ray R., Walsh K., Ennix, K., "F/A-18 Aircraft Performance Benefits Measured During the Autonomous Formation Flight Project", AIAA 2002-4491, Aug 2002.
 Bowles R. G. A. and Smith F. T., "Lifting multi-blade flows with interaction", J. Fluid Mech., vol. 415, pp. 203-226, 2000.
 D. Fanjoy, and D. J. Dorney, "A study of tandem-airfoil interaction in different flight regimes," AIAA 97-0515, 1997.
 L. Zannetti, F. Gallizio, and G. M. Ottino, "Vortex motion in doubly connected domains," J. Fluid Mech., vol. 612, pp. 143 - 152, 2008.
 Z. Husain, M. J. Abdullah, and T. C. Yap, "Two-dimensional analysis of tandem/staggered airfoils using computational fluid dynamics," International Journal of Mechanical Engineering Education 33/3.
 Katz, J. and Plotkin, A., Low-speed Aerodynamics, Cambridge University Press, 2001.
 A. J. Chorin, and P. S. Bernard, "Discretization of a vortex sheet, with an example of roll-up," J. of Computational Physics., vol. 13, No. 3, 1973.
 A. Fage and F. C. Johansen, "On the flow of air behind an inclined flat plate of infinite span" Proc. Roy. Soc. A 116, 170, 1927.
 T. Nakagawa, "On Unsteady Airfoil-Vortex Interaction", ACTA MECHANICA 75, 1-13, 1988
 H. Wagner, "Uber die Entstehung des Dynamischen Autriebes von Tragflugeln", Z.F.A.M.M., Vol. 5, No. 1, pp 17-35, 1925.