Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 31814
Estimation Method for the Construction of Hydrogen Society with Various Biomass Resources in Japan-Project of Cost Reductions in Biomass Transport and Feasibility for Hydrogen Station with Biomass-

Authors: Masaki Tajima, Kenji Imou, Shinya Yokoyama


It was determined that woody biomass and livestock excreta can be utilized as hydrogen resources and hydrogen produced from such sources can be used to fill fuel cell vehicles (FCVs) at hydrogen stations. It was shown that the biomass transport costs for hydrogen production may be reduced the costs for co-generation. In the Tokyo Metropolitan Area, there are only a few sites capable of producing hydrogen from woody biomass in amounts greater than 200 m3/h-the scale required for a hydrogen station to be operationally practical. However, in the case of livestock excreta, it was shown that 15% of the municipalities in this area are capable of securing sufficient biomass to be operationally practical for hydrogen production. The differences in feasibility of practical operation depend on the type of biomass.

Keywords: Biomass Resources, Hydrogen Production, Hydrogen Station, Transport Cost.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1212


[1] Japan Automobile Research Institute (JARI), March 2006. JHFC Combined Efficiency Study Report
[2] S. Yokoyama, 2001. The Cutting Edge of Biomass Energy. Tokyo: Morikita Publishing Co., Ltd.
[3] New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO), March 1999. 1998 Study Report: Studies of Energy Conversion Technologies Using Biomass Resources as Raw Material
[4] Japan Institute of Energy (JIE), August 2001. 2001 Studies on High- Efficiency Biomass Energy Conversion Technology
[5] NEDO, In Brochure of Synopsis of Empirical Testing of Biomass and Other Unutilized Energy Sources
[6] T. Minowa, New Technologies for the Production of Hydrogen from Wood at the Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST) website: 14.html retrieved April 2007.
[7] "Characteristics of High-Temperature Dry Methane Fermentation (ÔÇÿCompo-System-)," at the Takuma K.K. website: retrieved March 2007
[8] Ebara Corporation, Nishihara Environment Technology Inc., Kajima Corporation, AIST and Japan Bioindustry Association (JBA), February 2007. Research and Development in Two-Step Fermentation Technologies, with a Focus on High-Efficiency Hydrogen and Methane Fermentation of Organic Waste Matter. submission to the 2005 NEDO Reporting Committee on Development Results in High-Efficiency Biomass Energy Conversion Technology.
[9] Mitsubishi Research Institute (MRI), December 2002. 2002 Report on Basic Research in Promoting the Introduction of New Forms of Energy (Research on Biomass Energy Development and Utilization Strategy)
[10] GIS database of biomass availability and usability volumes, at NEDO website Web:
[11] M. Iuchi, Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry (CRIEPI). March 2004. Development of Biomass Energy Utilization Planning Support Systems: Availability Databases and Collection Costs Evaluation Model.
[12] Value Management Institute (VMI) and Tokyo Gas, March 2007. Basic Research in Scenario Studies for Hydrogen Infrastructure Development in the Kanto Area
[13] JARI and Engineering Advancement Association of Japan (ENAA), October 2006. Report on Empirical and Other Studies of Proton- Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell Systems (1st-Term JHFC Project)