Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 30309
Identity Formation and Autobiographical Memory: Two Interrelated Concepts of Development
Abstract:The aim of the present paper is to investigate the interdependency among ego-identity status, autobiographical memory and cultural life story schema. The study shows considerable differences between autobiographical memory characteristics and “family script", which is typical for participants (adolescents, M age years = 17.84, SD = 1.18, N = 58), with different ego-identity statuses. Participants with diffused ego-identity status recalled fewer autobiographical memories. Additionally, this group of participants recalled fewer events from their parents- life. Participants with moratorium ego-identity status dated their first recollections to a later age than others, and recalled fewer memories relating to their childhood. Participants with achieved identity status recalled more self-defining memories and events from their parents- life. They used more functions from the autobiographical memory. There weren-t any significant differences between the foreclosed identity status group and the others. These findings support the idea of a bidirectional relation between culture, memory and self.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1072617Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1823
 E.H. Erikson, Identity: youth and crisis. New York: W.W. Norton, 1968.
 J.E. Marcia, Development and validation of ego-identity status. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, vol. 3, 1966, pp. 551-558.
 J. Kroger, Identity development: Adolescence through adulthood. Newbury Park, CA: Sage, 2000.
 S.B. Klein, T.P. German, L. Cosmides, R. Gabriel. A theory of autobiographical memory: Necessary components and disorders resulting from their loss. Social Cognition, Vol.22. No 5, 2004, pp. 460- 490.
 M.A. Conway, Memory and the Self. Journal of Memory and Language, 53 (4), 2005, pp. 594-628.
 A. Wilson, M. Ross, The identity function of autobiographical memory: Time is on our side. Memory, 11(2), 2003, pp. 137-149.
 N. Alea, S. Bluck, Why are you telling me that? A conceptual model of the social function of autobiographical memory. Memory, 11(2), 2003, pp. 165-178.
 D. Pillemer, Directive functions of autobiographical memory: The Guiding power of the specific episode. Memory, 2003, vol. 11(2), pp. 193-202.
 T. Habermas, S. Bluck, The Life Story Schema. Motivation and Emotion, Volume 24, Number 2, 2000, pp. 121-147.
 D. E. Polkinghorne, Narrative knowing and the human sciences. Albany: State Univ. of New York Press, 1988.
 D. Berntsen, D. C. Rubin, Cultural life scripts structure recall from autobiographical memory. Memory & Cognition, 32, 2004, pp. 427- 442.
 A. Bohn, D. Berntsen, Life story development in childhood: The development of life story abilities and the acquisition of cultural life scripts from late middle childhood to adolescence. Developmental Psychology, 44, 2008, pp. 1135-1147.
 Q. Wang, Earliest recollections of self and others in European American and Taiwanese young adults. Psychological Science, 17 (8), 2006, pp. 708-714.
 G. R. Adams, The Objective Measure of Ego Identity Status: A Reference Manual. Unpublished manuscript, University of Guelph, 1998, pp. 1-90.
 V.V. Nourkova, Past Continuous: Psychology of Autobiographical Memory, University of Education Publishing House, Moscow, 2000, 315 p. (in Russian).
 K. N. Vasilevskaya, M. K. Kabardov, V. V. Nourkova, Individual differences and types of autobiographical memory. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2(16), 2011. Retrieved from http://psystudy.ru. 0421100116/0013 (in Russian, abstr. in English).
 R. Fivush, Constructing narrative, emotion, and self in parent-child conversations about the past . In U. Neisser & R. Fivush (Eds.), The remembering self: Construction and accuracy in the self-narrative (pp. 136-157). New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994.