Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30309
Identity Formation and Autobiographical Memory: Two Interrelated Concepts of Development

Authors: Anna R. Alyusheva, Veronika V. Nourkova

Abstract:

The aim of the present paper is to investigate the interdependency among ego-identity status, autobiographical memory and cultural life story schema. The study shows considerable differences between autobiographical memory characteristics and “family script", which is typical for participants (adolescents, M age years = 17.84, SD = 1.18, N = 58), with different ego-identity statuses. Participants with diffused ego-identity status recalled fewer autobiographical memories. Additionally, this group of participants recalled fewer events from their parents- life. Participants with moratorium ego-identity status dated their first recollections to a later age than others, and recalled fewer memories relating to their childhood. Participants with achieved identity status recalled more self-defining memories and events from their parents- life. They used more functions from the autobiographical memory. There weren-t any significant differences between the foreclosed identity status group and the others. These findings support the idea of a bidirectional relation between culture, memory and self.

Keywords: autobiographical memory, autobiographical narrative, cultural life script, ego-identity

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1072617

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1823

References:


[1] E.H. Erikson, Identity: youth and crisis. New York: W.W. Norton, 1968.
[2] J.E. Marcia, Development and validation of ego-identity status. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, vol. 3, 1966, pp. 551-558.
[3] J. Kroger, Identity development: Adolescence through adulthood. Newbury Park, CA: Sage, 2000.
[4] S.B. Klein, T.P. German, L. Cosmides, R. Gabriel. A theory of autobiographical memory: Necessary components and disorders resulting from their loss. Social Cognition, Vol.22. No 5, 2004, pp. 460- 490.
[5] M.A. Conway, Memory and the Self. Journal of Memory and Language, 53 (4), 2005, pp. 594-628.
[6] A. Wilson, M. Ross, The identity function of autobiographical memory: Time is on our side. Memory, 11(2), 2003, pp. 137-149.
[7] N. Alea, S. Bluck, Why are you telling me that? A conceptual model of the social function of autobiographical memory. Memory, 11(2), 2003, pp. 165-178.
[8] D. Pillemer, Directive functions of autobiographical memory: The Guiding power of the specific episode. Memory, 2003, vol. 11(2), pp. 193-202.
[9] T. Habermas, S. Bluck, The Life Story Schema. Motivation and Emotion, Volume 24, Number 2, 2000, pp. 121-147.
[10] D. E. Polkinghorne, Narrative knowing and the human sciences. Albany: State Univ. of New York Press, 1988.
[11] D. Berntsen, D. C. Rubin, Cultural life scripts structure recall from autobiographical memory. Memory & Cognition, 32, 2004, pp. 427- 442.
[12] A. Bohn, D. Berntsen, Life story development in childhood: The development of life story abilities and the acquisition of cultural life scripts from late middle childhood to adolescence. Developmental Psychology, 44, 2008, pp. 1135-1147.
[13] Q. Wang, Earliest recollections of self and others in European American and Taiwanese young adults. Psychological Science, 17 (8), 2006, pp. 708-714.
[14] G. R. Adams, The Objective Measure of Ego Identity Status: A Reference Manual. Unpublished manuscript, University of Guelph, 1998, pp. 1-90.
[15] V.V. Nourkova, Past Continuous: Psychology of Autobiographical Memory, University of Education Publishing House, Moscow, 2000, 315 p. (in Russian).
[16] K. N. Vasilevskaya, M. K. Kabardov, V. V. Nourkova, Individual differences and types of autobiographical memory. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2(16), 2011. Retrieved from http://psystudy.ru. 0421100116/0013 (in Russian, abstr. in English).
[17] R. Fivush, Constructing narrative, emotion, and self in parent-child conversations about the past . In U. Neisser & R. Fivush (Eds.), The remembering self: Construction and accuracy in the self-narrative (pp. 136-157). New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994.