Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 30184
Identification of Seat Belt Wearing Compliance Associate Factors in Malaysia: Evidence-based Approach
Abstract:The aim of the study was to identify seat belt wearing factor among road users in Malaysia. Evidence-based approach through in-depth crash investigation was utilised to determine the intended objectives. The objective was scoped into crashes investigated by Malaysian Institute of Road Safety Research (MIROS) involving passenger vehicles within 2007 and 2010. Crash information of a total of 99 crash cases involving 240 vehicles and 864 occupants were obtained during the study period. Statistical test and logistic regression analysis have been performed. Results of the analysis revealed that gender, seat position and age were associated with seat belt wearing compliance in Malaysia. Males are 97.6% more likely to wear seat belt compared to females (95% CI 1.317 to 2.964). By seat position, the finding indicates that frontal occupants were 82 times more likely to be wearing seat belt (95% CI 30.199 to 225.342) as compared to rear occupants. It is also important to note that the odds of seat belt wearing increased by about 2.64% (95% CI 1.0176 to 1.0353) for every one year increase in age. This study is essential in understanding the Malaysian tendency in belting up while being occupied in a vehicle. The factors highlighted in this study should be emphasized in road safety education in order to increase seat belt wearing rate in this country and ultimately in preventing deaths due to road crashes.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1329340Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1521
 Bernama, 24 February 2011. 21,250,145 kenderaan berdaftar. Available: http://berita-harian-online.com/21250145-kenderaan-berdaftar/ (26 July 2011).
 Derosa, D., & Larsonneur, J. F., Seatbelt improvements, Regie Renault Technical Center-France, Society of Automotive Engineers, 840400, March, 1984, pp. 287-298.
 Engberg, A., Severe traumatic brain injury├Éepidemiology, external causes, prevention, and rehabilitation of mental physical sequelae. Acta Neurol Scand 92(164), 1995, pp. 127-134.
 Smith-Seemiller, L., Lovell, M. R., Franzen, M. D., Smith, S. S., & Townsend, R. N.. Neuropsychological function in restrained versus unrestrained motor vehicle occupants who suffer closed head injury. Brain Inj 11, 1997, pp. 743-750.
 National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), (2003), Safety Belts and Teens 2003 Report. http://www.nhtsa.dot.gov/people/injury/airbags/buasbteens03/index.htm
 John Adams, 2001. Risk. Routledge. London.
 Norlen M, Fadhli Y, Wahida AB, Ilhamah O & Iskandar A., Seat belt Wearing Compliance Among Road Users in Putrajaya, MRR 13/2009, Kuala Lumpur: Malaysian Institute of Road Safety Research, 2010.
 Zarir Hafiz Zulkipli, Abdul Rahmat Abdul Manap, Maryatini Md Saat and Tan Kean Lee, Data Collection Form Handbook: Passenger Car, MIROS Publication, Kajang, 2011.
 Shewan, C.M., & Henderson, V.L. (1988). Analysis of spontaneous language in the older normal population. Journal of Communication Disorders, 21(2), 139-154. Weismer, G., & Liss, J., Speech motor control and aging. In D. Ripich (Ed.), Handbook of geriatric communication disorders. Austin, TX: Pro-Ed, Inc., 1991, pp. 205-225.
 Yorkston, K.M., & Beukelman, D.R., An analysis of connected speech samples of aphasic and normal speakers. Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, XLV(1), 1980, pp. 27-36.